And this is also the meaning of “He encompasses all worlds.”

וְזֶהוּ גַּם כֵּן עִנְיַן "סוֹבֵב כָּל עָלְמִין",

This does not mean to say (heaven forfend) that G-d is not found within the worlds but merely encompasses them. Rather:

This means, by way of analogy: When a person reflects upon an intellectual subject in his mind or upon a physical object in his thoughts,

פֵּירוּשׁ, דֶּרֶךְ מָשָׁל, כְּשֶׁאָדָם מִתְבּוֹנֵן בְּאֵיזֶה דְּבַר חָכְמָה בְּשִׂכְלוֹ אוֹ דָּבָר גַּשְׁמִי בְּמַחֲשַׁבְתּוֹ,

then his intellect and thought encompass that subject, whose image is formed in his thought or in his mind, inasmuch as they are found within his thought and mind,

אֲזַי, שִׂכְלוֹ וּמַחֲשַׁבְתּוֹ מַקִּיפִים עַל הַדָּבָר הַהוּא הַמְצוּיָּר בְּמַחֲשַׁבְתּוֹ אוֹ בְּשִׂכְלוֹ,

but they—his intellect and thought—do not encompass that subject in actual fact.

אַךְ אֵין מַקִּיפִים עַל הַדָּבָר הַהוּא מַמָּשׁ – בְּפוֹעַל מַמָּשׁ;

They merely encompass his image of the subject, not the actual subject. When one envisions a table, the actual, physical table is of course not found within the brain; it is merely its image that is encompassed there.

The Holy One, blessed be He, however, of Whom it is written, “For My thoughts are not your thoughts…,”25

אֲבָל הַקָּדוֹשׁ־בָּרוּךְ־הוּא דִּכְתִיב בֵּיהּ "כִּי לֹא מַחְשְׁבוֹתַי מַחְשְׁבוֹתֵיכֶם וְגוֹ'",

His thought and knowledge of all created beings actually encompass each and every creature,

מַחֲשַׁבְתּוֹ וִידִיעָתוֹ שֶׁיּוֹדֵעַ כָּל הַנִּבְרָאִים, מַקֶּפֶת כָּל נִבְרָא וְנִבְרָא בְּפוֹעַל מַמָּשׁ,

for [G-d’s knowledge] is verily its life-force and that which brings it into existence out of nothingness, in actual reality.

שֶׁהֲרֵי, הִיא הִיא חַיּוּתוֹ וְהִתְהַוּוּתוֹ מֵאַיִן לְיֵשׁ בְּפוֹעַל מַמָּשׁ.

G-d’s thought, unlike man’s, thus encompasses the actual subject of His thought—in this case, all created beings. It brings about their creation and continued existence, even though it does not descend to their level and become internalized within them but remains in an exalted state.