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Daily Mitzvah

Day 45: Positive Commandment 155

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Positive Commandment 155 (Digest)
Sanctifying the Shabbat

"Remember the Shabbat to keep it holy"Exodus 20:8.

We are commanded to honor the Shabbat when it enters and when it leaves by pronouncing words that proclaim the greatness and holiness of the day, and its distinctness from the weekdays that precede and follow it. This mitzvah – commonly known as kiddush and havdalah – is performed over a cup of wine.

Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
As the will of the infinite and unknowable G-d, every mitzvah is essentially beyond understanding. Yet G-d clothed His commandments in "garments" of reason, so that not only our hands and feet but also our minds and heart should be involved in their fulfillment. This is true of every mitzvah, from the most esoteric "decree" to the most logical "law". The difference is only in the subtlety of the garment.
  –The Lubavitcher Rebbe
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