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Daily Mitzvah (Rambam)

Day 154: Negative Commandment 68, 165; Positive Commandment 31; Negative Commandment 77, 78

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Negative Commandment 68 (Digest)
Off-Limits Areas for the Priests

"That he may not come at all times into the holy place"Leviticus 16:2.

The high priest is forbidden from entering the Holy of Holies any time other than Yom Kippur, and only when he is then performing the special Yom Kippur service.

The regular priest is forbidden from entering the Holy Temple's sanctuary unless he is discharging a service there [e.g., kindling the menorah, offering incense, or simply entering to prostrate himself before G‑d].

Negative Commandment 165 (Digest)
A Priest Leaving the Holy Temple Mid-Service

"And you shall not go out the door of the Tent of Meeting"Leviticus 10:7.

It is forbidden for a priest to leave the Temple while he is in the middle of performing his service.

A high priest may not leave the Temple even if he is an onen, i.e., he is informed that one of his next of kin has passed away.

Positive Commandment 31 (Digest)
Ejecting the Ritually Impure from the Temple Area

"They shall send out from the camp all those afflicted with tzara'at or with a male discharge, and all those unclean through [contact with] the dead"Numbers 5:2.

We are commanded to expel from the Temple area all those who are ritually impure.

Negative Commandment 77 (Digest)
A Ritually Impure Person Entering the Holy Temple

"They shall not defile their camp"Numbers 5:3.

All ritually impure individuals are forbidden from entering the Holy Temple—i.e., any area in [the sanctuary and] the Holy Temple Courtyard, starting from the Nikanor Gate.

Negative Commandment 78 (Digest)
A Ritually Impure Person Entering the Temple Mount

"He may not enter this camp"Deuteronomy 23:11.

All ritually impure individuals [with the exception of individuals impure due to contact with a corpse] are forbidden from entering the Temple Mount.

From Sefer Hamitzvot, published and copyright by Sichos in English. To purchase the Sefer Hamitzvot two-volume set, please click here.
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Daily Quote
There are three crowns: the crown of Torah, the crown of priesthood and the crown of royalty; but the crown of good name surmounts them all.
  –Ethics of the Fathers 4:13
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