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Daily Mitzvah

Positive Commandment 166; Negative Commandment 327; Positive Commandment 167; Negative Commandment 328, 199

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Positive Commandment 166 (Digest)
Resting on the First Day of Sukkot

"On the first day [of Sukkot] there shall be a holy convocation"Leviticus 23:35.

We sanctify the fifteenth of Tishrei, the first day of Sukkot, by resting on that day—defined as abstaining from any creative work, with the exception of work needed for food purposes.

Negative Commandment 327 (Digest)
Working on the First Day of Sukkot

"...You shall do no servile work"Leviticus 23:35.

It is forbidden to engage in creative work – with the exception of work needed for food purposes – on the fifteenth of Tishrei, the first day of Sukkot.

Positive Commandment 167 (Digest)
Resting on Shemini Atzeret

"On the eighth day, there shall be a holy convocation for you"Leviticus 23:36.

We sanctify Shemini Atzeret, the twenty-second of Tishrei, the eighth day from the first day of Sukkot, by resting on that day—defined as abstaining from any creative work, with the exception of work needed for food purposes.

Negative Commandment 328 (Digest)
Working on Shemini Atzeret

"...You shall do no servile work"—Leviticus 23:36.

It is forbidden to engage in creative work – with the exception of work needed for food purposes – on Shemini Atzeret, the twenty-second of Tishrei.

Negative Commandment 199 (Digest)
Eating Chametz after Noon of the Fourteenth of Nissan

"You shall eat no leavened bread upon it"Deuteronomy 16:3.

We are forbidden to eat chametz (leavened foods) after midday of the fourteenth of Nissan. As the Torah says, "You shall eat no leavened bread upon it"—"it" referring to the Paschal Offering, which was offered after midday on the eve of Passover.

(The Sages extended this prohibition to include a time period before midday, to prevent anyone from inadvertently consuming chametz after midday, when it is biblically forbidden.)


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
G-d showed Moses the new moon at its moment of rebirth, and said to him: When the moon is reborn, mark the beginning of a new month.
  –Mechilta
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