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Daily Mitzvah

Positive Commandment 165; Negative Commandment 329; Positive Commandment 164; Negative Commandment 196

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Positive Commandment 165 (Digest)
Resting on Yom Kippur

"[Yom Kippur] shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for you"Leviticus 16:31.

We are commanded to rest, by abstaining from creative work, on the tenth day of Tishrei—Yom Kippur.

Negative Commandment 329 (Digest)
Working on Yom Kippur

"And you shall do no work on that very day [of Yom Kippur]"Leviticus 23:28.

We are forbidden to engage in any creative work on the tenth of Tishrei, Yom Kippur.

Positive Commandment 164 (Digest)
Fasting on Yom Kippur

"You shall afflict your souls"Leviticus 16:29.

We are commanded to fast on the tenth of Tishrei, Yom Kippur. We afflict ourselves by abstaining from food and drink, the nourishment of the soul.

We are also commanded to refrain on Yom Kippur from bathing, applying creams or ointments, wearing [leather] shoes and engaging in marital relations.

Negative Commandment 196 (Digest)
Eating on Yom Kippur

"For any soul that shall not be afflicted... shall be cut off..."—Leviticus 23:29.

It is forbidden to eat on the tenth of Tishrei, Yom Kippur.


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
"I will make your progeny like the dust of the earth" (G-d's blessing to Abraham, Genesis 13:17). Just as the dust of the earth is from one end of the world to the other, so, too, will your children be scattered from one end of the world to the other. Just as dust is treaded upon by all, so, too, your children are destined to be treaded upon by the nations. Just as the dust of the earth is made fertile only with water, so, too, the people of Israel are blessed only in the merit of the Torah which is analogous to water. Just as dust erodes all metal utensils while it itself lasts forever, so is it with Israel: all idolatrous nations disintegrate, while they persist.
  –Midrash Rabbah
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