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Daily Mitzvah

Day 299: Negative Commandment 241, 242

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Negative Commandment 241 (Digest)
Taking Collateral from a Widow

"Nor shall you take a widow's garment as security"Deuteronomy 24:17.

It is forbidden for a creditor to take collateral for a debt from a widow—whether she is wealthy or poor.

Negative Commandment 242 (Digest)
Taking Food Preparation Utensils as Collateral

"One shall not take the upper or lower millstone for a pledge, for he is taking a life as a pledge"Deuteronomy 24:6.

It is forbidden for a creditor to take food preparation utensils – e.g., grinders, kneading bowls, pots, and knives – as collateral for a debt.

Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
When the Children of Israel they stood at the shore of the sea and saw the Egyptian armies closing in behind them, they split into four groups. One faction said, "Let us cast ourselves into the sea." A second faction said, "Let us return to Egypt." A third said, "Let us wage war against the Egyptians." A fourth said, "Let us cry out to G-d." But G-d rejected all four approaches and said to Moses, "Speak to the children of Israel, that they go forward"
  –Midrash Mechilta
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