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Daily Mitzvah

Negative Commandment 244; Positive Commandment 239

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Negative Commandment 244 (Digest)
Stealing

"Do not steal"Leviticus 19:11.

It is forbidden to steal another's possessions.

Positive Commandment 239 (Digest)
A Thief's Restitution

We are commanded to pass judgment on a thief. Depending on the circumstances, the thief may be required to pay double the amount stolen, or four or five times the principal.

This mitzvah also includes the allowance for a property owner to kill a thief who is trespassing on his land [under certain circumstances, if there's reason to believe that the thief poses a potential threat to the landowner's life], and the obligation on the court to sell the thief into servitude [if he has not the means to make restitution].


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
A person learns most of his wisdom at night
  –Maimonides
The Parshah
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