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Daily Mitzvah

Day 291: Negative Commandment 267, 268

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Negative Commandment 267 (Digest)
A Worker Eating from the Employer's Crops while Working

"You shall not waive a sickle to your neighbor's standing grain"Deuteronomy 23:26.

[Though a worker may eat from the produce on which he is working (see Positive Commandment 201), this is subject to two rules: 1) If he is working on produce that is still attached to the ground, he may only eat from it after he has finished his work with that produce (e.g., once he has filled a basket with grapes that he is harvesting, he may eat of the grapes in there). 2) If he is working with already harvested produce, he may eat of the produce as long as he hasn't completely finished his work on the produce.]

It is forbidden for a worker to eat of produce he is working on [if it doesn't meet the two criteria established above, and it is also forbidden for him to take a break in order to eat from the produce; rather he must eat as he works].

Negative Commandment 268 (Digest)
A Worker Eating More than Allowed from his Employer's Crops

"You may eat your fill of grapes at your desire; but you shall not put in your container"Deuteronomy 23:25.

[Though a worker may eat from the produce on which he is working (see Positive Commandment 201)], he may not take more than he eats while working [to bring home to eat later].

Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
Seek G-d when He may be found, call upon Him when He is near.
  –Isaiah 55:6
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