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Daily Mitzvah (Rambam)

Day 256: Positive Commandment 236

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Positive Commandment 236 (Digest)
Personal Injury

"If men quarrel, and one strikes the other..."Exodus 21:18.

The courts are commanded to adjudicate cases that involve personal injury caused by one person to another. [Monetary penalties are assessed to compensate for devaluation of the injured individual, pain sustained, medical bills, unemployment due to the injury, and shame incurred.]

Only an ordained court in the Land of Israel can adjudicate such cases [with the exception of medical bills and unemployment, that can be adjudicated by all rabbinical courts no matter the location].

From Sefer Hamitzvot, published and copyright by Sichos in English. To purchase the Sefer Hamitzvot two-volume set, please click here.
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Daily Quote
Why did the Torah ordain that the uncleanness of menstruation should continue for seven days? Because being in constant contact with his wife, a man might develop an apathy towards her. The Torah, therefore, said: Let her be unclean for seven days, in order that she shall be beloved by her husband as at the time that she first entered into the bridal chamber
  –Talmud, Niddah 31a
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