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Daily Mitzvah

Positive Commandment 124; Negative Commandment 213; Positive Commandment 122; Negative Commandment 214

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Positive Commandment 124 (Digest)
Fallen Grapes

"You shall not harvest the single grapes of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger"Leviticus 19:10.

We are commanded to leave for the poor the grapes that fall to the ground in the course of harvesting.

This biblical precept only applies in the Land of Israel.

Negative Commandment 213 (Digest)
Gathering the Fallen Grapes

"You shall not gather the single grapes of your vineyard"Leviticus 19:10.

It is forbidden for a landowner to harvest the grapes that fall to the ground in the course of harvesting, rather they must be left for the poor.

Positive Commandment 122 (Digest)
Forgotten Sheaves

"...and you forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not go back to get it; it shall be for the stranger, the orphan and the widow"Deuteronomy 24:19.

We are commanded to leave for the poor those bundles of the harvested crop that were forgotten in the field.

This biblical precept only applies in the Land of Israel.

Negative Commandment 214 (Digest)
Collecting Forgotten Sheaves

"...and you forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not go back to get it"Deuteronomy 24:19.

It is forbidden for the landowner to collect a bundle of the harvested crop that was forgotten in the field [rather he must leave it for the poor]. This prohibition applies both to grain and fruit.


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
The whole point of Chassidism is that one should change the nature of one's character traits
  –Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi
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