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Daily Mitzvah

Negative Commandment 148; Positive Commandment 132

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Negative Commandment 148 (Digest)
Consuming First Fruits outside of Jerusalem

"You may not eat within your gates...the offering of your hand"Deuteronomy 12:17.

It is forbidden for a priest to consume bikurim (the First Fruits) outside of Jerusalem.

Positive Commandment 132 (Digest)
Declaration of the First Fruits

"And you shall call out and say before G‑d, your G‑d: 'An Aramean [sought to] destroy my father..."—Deuteronomy 26:5.

When bringing the First Fruit to the Holy Temple, the owner is commanded to speak of G‑d's kindness towards us and express gratitude to G‑d for saving us ever since the times of Jacob, and rescuing us from the slavery and the tormenting of the Egyptians. The owner then beseeches G‑d to continue showering blessing upon us.

Women are not obligated to make this declaration.


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
As long as Sarah lived, there was a blessing on her dough, and the lamp used to burn from the eve of the Sabbath until the eve of the following Sabbath; when she died, these ceased; but when Rebecca came, they returned
  –Midrash Rabbah, Bereishit 60
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