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Daily Mitzvah

Day 123: Positive Commandment 121; Negative Commandment 211; Positive Commandment 123; Negative Commandment 212

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Positive Commandment 121 (Digest)
Fallen Stalks

"The gleanings of your harvest you shall not harvest; you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger"Leviticus 23:22.

We are commanded to leave [for the poor] the leket [stalks that fall to the ground in the course of harvesting].

This biblical precept only applies in the Land of Israel.

Negative Commandment 211 (Digest)
Gathering the Fallen Stalks

"You shall not gather the gleanings of your harvest"Leviticus 23:22.

It is forbidden for the landowner to harvest the stalks that fall to the ground in the course of the harvest, rather they must be left for the poor.

Positive Commandment 123 (Digest)
Defective Grape Clusters

"...you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger"Leviticus 19:10.

We are commanded to leave the olelot [grape clusters that have not developed normally] for the poor.

This biblical precept only applies in the Land of Israel.

Negative Commandment 212 (Digest)
Harvesting the Defective Grape Clusters

"You shall not harvest the defective clusters from your vineyard"Leviticus 19:10.

It is forbidden for the landowner to remove all the grapes from the vineyard in the course of the harvest, rather he must leave for the poor the grape clusters that have not developed normally.

This prohibition applies to vineyards only, not to any other fruit, even those similar to grapes.

Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
The world is built upon kindness
  –Psalms 89:15
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