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Daily Mitzvah

Negative Commandment 322

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Negative Commandment 322 (Digest)
Administering the Death Penalty on Shabbat

"You shall not kindle fire throughout your settlements on the Shabbat day"Exodus 35:3.

It is forbidden for the courts to administer punishments on Shabbat. The Sages interpreted the above verse as an injunction against executing a criminal via burning (one of the four methods of capital punishment employed by the courts) on Shabbat—and the same rule applies to all other forms of capital punishment. From this verse the Sages also extrapolated the prohibition against holding any court proceedings on Shabbat.


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
And it will come to pass, when all these things befall you -- the blessing and the curse which I have set before you -- that you will consider in your heart, among all the nations where the L-rd your G-d has banished you. And you will return to the L-rd your God with all your heart and with all your soul... Then the L-rd your G-d will bring back your exiles... Even if your exiles are at the end of the heavens, the L-rd your G-d will gather you from there... and He will bring you to the land which your forefathers possessed, and you will take possession of it; and He will do good to you, and He will make you more numerous than your forefathers...
  –Deuteronomy 30:1-5
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