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Daily Mitzvah

Negative Commandment 322

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Negative Commandment 322 (Digest)
Administering the Death Penalty on Shabbat

"You shall not kindle fire throughout your settlements on the Shabbat day"Exodus 35:3.

It is forbidden for the courts to administer punishments on Shabbat. The Sages interpreted the above verse as an injunction against executing a criminal via burning (one of the four methods of capital punishment employed by the courts) on Shabbat—and the same rule applies to all other forms of capital punishment. From this verse the Sages also extrapolated the prohibition against holding any court proceedings on Shabbat.


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
It is written, "You shall love the L-rd your G-d" (Deuteronomy 5:5). That means, G-d's name should be loved through you. That is to say, if a person reads the scripture, studies the Mishnah and attends on Torah scholars, and his dealings with the world are proper, what do people then say of him? Fortunate is his father, who taught him Torah! Fortunate is his teacher, who has taught him Torah! Behold one who has learned Torah, how beautiful are his ways, how just his deeds! ... But if one has learned Torah and served the scholars, but is in his dealings not honest and speaks with people not gently, then what do people say about him? Woe to his father, who has taught him Torah! Woe to his teacher, who has instructed him in Torah! See the one who has learned Torah -- how evil are his ways...
  –Talmud, Yoma 86a
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