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Daily Mitzvah

Negative Commandment 161, 162; Positive Commandment 38; Negative Commandment 160, 158, 159

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Negative Commandment 161 (Digest)
The High Priest Marrying a Widow

"A widow... he not marry"Leviticus 21:14.

A High Priest is forbidden to marry a widow.

(Actually, it is forbidden for a High Priest to have sexual relations with a widow—even without marriage. Thus, if he marries a widow and has relations with her, he transgresses two prohibitions.)

Negative Commandment 162 (Digest)
Relations between a High Priest and a Widow

"Neither shall he profane his seed among his people"Leviticus 21:15.

It is forbidden for a High Priest to have sexual relations with a widow.

Positive Commandment 38 (Digest)
A High Priest's Wife

"He shall marry a woman in her virgin state"Leviticus 21:13.

A High Priest is commanded to marry a virgin.

Negative Commandment 160 (Digest)
A Priest Marrying a Divorcee

"Neither shall they take a woman divorced by her husband"Leviticus 21:7.

It is forbidden for a priest to marry a divorcee.

Negative Commandment 158 (Digest)
A Priest Marrying a "Zonah"

"They shall not take a wife who is a zonah"Leviticus 21:7.

A priest may not marry a woman who in the past had sexual relations with a man whom she is forbidden to marry [e.g. a non-Jew or next of kin].

Negative Commandment 159 (Digest)
A Priest Marrying a "Profaned" Woman

"They shall not take a wife who is... profaned"Leviticus 21:7.

A priest may not marry a chalalah [a woman who in the past had sexual relations with a priest whom she is forbidden to marry because of his priestly status (e.g., she was a divorcee)], or the daughter born from a relationship between a priest and a chalalah.


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
In material matters one should always look at he whose situation is lower than one's own, and thank the good G-d for His kindness to him.
In spiritual matters one should always look at he who is higher than oneself, and plead with G-d to grant him the intelligence to learn from the other, and the ability and strength to rise higher.
  –Hayom Yom, Cheshvan 24
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