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ב"ה

Daily Mitzvah

Positive Commandment 22; Negative Commandment 67; Positive Commandment 35; Negative Commandment 83, 84

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Positive Commandment 22 (Digest)
Guarding the Temple

"And you [Aaron] and your sons with you, before the Tent of Testimony"—Numbers 18:2.

We are commanded to station guards in and around the Temple, and that these guards patrol the Temple all night. This honor guard is a way of demonstrating respect for the Temple, exalting and glorifying it. As the Midrash says, "One can not compare a palace that has guards to a palace that does not."

The priests guard the Temple from within and the Levites guard and patrol it from the outside.

Negative Commandment 67 (Digest)
Neglecting to Guard the Temple

"And you shall keep the charge of the Sanctuary"Numbers 18:5.

We are forbidden to neglect supplying the Temple with an honor guard that watches and patrols the Temple at night.

Positive Commandment 35 (Digest)
The Oil of Anointment

"And the high priest, upon whose head the anointing oil was poured"Leviticus 21:10.

We are commanded to have an anointing oil, made of a special recipe [detailed in the Torah], ready to be used for anointing newly appointed high priests. Some kings are also anointed with this oil.

This oil was also used to anoint the Tabernacle and its utensils—but that was a one time occurrence.

Negative Commandment 83 (Digest)
Recreating the Oil of Anointment

"You shall not make any like it, according to its composition"Exodus 30:32.

It is forbidden to make anointing oil using the same formula as the anointing oil described in the Torah.

Negative Commandment 84 (Digest)
Anointing a Foreigner with the Oil of Anointment

"Upon the flesh of a man it shall not be daubed"Exodus 30:32.

It is forbidden to anoint any individual – other than high priests and kings – with the anointing oil manufactured by Moses.


Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
The day begins with Modeh Ani ("I acknowledge before You, living and eternal King, that You restored my soul to me; great is Your faithfulness"). This is said before the morning washing of the hands, even while the hands are ritually impure (and all other prayers cannot be said). The deeper reason for this is that all the impurities in the world do not defile a Jew's "I acknowledge" before G-d; he might lack one thing or another, but his Modeh Ani remains intact.
  –The Lubavitcher Rebbe (Hayom Yom for Shevat 11)
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