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Rambam - 1 Chapter a Day

Kelim - Chapter 10

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Kelim - Chapter 10

1

Pegs that reinforce a ceiling that are made to be pounded into wood are not susceptible to impurity. Similarly, this ruling applies to pegs that are pounded into walls to serve as hangers. If they are made to serve as an independent k'li, they are susceptible to impurity.

What is implied? A hook that was installed to enable one to open and lock a door, to remove a wick, or it was placed in a handmill or a mill powered by a donkey is susceptible to impurity. If it was made to open a barrel, it is pure unless its point is sharpened.

א

מַסְמְרוֹת שֶׁמַּחֲזִיקִין בָּהֶן הַתִּקְרָה הָעֲשׂוּיִין לִתְקֹעַ אוֹתוֹ בְּעֵצִים אֵינָן מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה. וְכֵן הַמַּסְמְרוֹת שֶׁתּוֹקְעִין אוֹתָן בַּכְּתָלִים לִתְלוֹת בָּהֶן. וְאִם הִתְקִינוֹ לִהְיוֹת כְּלִי בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה. כֵּיצַד. מַסְמֵר שֶׁהִתְקִינוֹ לִהְיוֹת פּוֹתֵחַ וְנוֹעֵל בָּהּ אוֹ לְהוֹצִיא אֶת הַפְּתִילָה אוֹ שֶׁנְּתָנוֹ בְּרֵחַיִם שֶׁל יָד אוֹ שֶׁל חֲמוֹר הֲרֵי זֶה מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה. הִתְקִינוֹ לִפְתֹּחַ בּוֹ אֶת הֶחָבִית טָהוֹר עַד שֶׁיִּצְרְפֶנּוּ:

2

A peg that is made as a sign to guard an entrance is not susceptible to impurity. Similarly, the peg of a money-changer on which he hangs his scale and his purse is pure. Similarly, pegs for metal brushes are pure even though these pegs have a different form than other pegs used as hangers.

ב

מַסְמֵר הֶעָשׂוּי כְּסִימָן לִשְׁמִירַת הַפֶּתַח אֵינוֹ מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה. וְכֵן מַסְמֵר שֶׁל שֻׁלְחָנִי שֶׁתּוֹלֶה בּוֹ הַמֹּאזְנַיִם וְהַכִּיס טָהוֹר. וְכֵן תְּלוֹיֵי הַמִּגְרָדוֹת טְהוֹרוֹת. אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמַּסְמְרִין אֵלּוּ מְשֻׁנִּין בְּצוּרָתָן מִשְּׁאָר מַסְמְרוֹת הַתְּקִיעָה:

3

A bloodletter's needle, i.e., the utensil with which he draws blood, is susceptible to impurity. The pointer of a sundial is pure.

ג

מַסְמֵר הַגָּרָע וְהוּא הַכְּלִי שֶׁמַּקִּיזִין מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה. וּמַסְמֵר שֶׁל אֶבֶן הַשָּׁעוֹת טָהוֹר:

4

A weaver's needle, i.e., the long needle that is like a spit which the weaver inserts into a cylinder coming from a reed or wood around which he winds the threads is susceptible to impurity.

ד

מַסְמֵר הַגַּרְדִּי וְהוּא הַמַּסְמֵר הָאָרֹךְ כְּעֵין שִׁפּוּד שֶׁמַּכְנִיס בּוֹ הָאוֹרֵג שְׁפוֹפֶרֶת הַקָּנֶה אוֹ הָעֵץ וְלוֹפֵף עָלֶיהָ חוּטִים מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה:

5

These are the metal keilim in a wagon that are susceptible to impurity: the metal shaft, the wooden yoke, the wings into which the straps are inserted, the metal rod below the necks of the animals, the support, the "limper," the containers, the bell, the hook, and the pegs which attach all the different parts of the wagon together.

These are the components of a wagon that are pure: a plated wooden shaft, the wings that are made only as ornamental articles, a reed that makes a sound, a lead plate hanging from the neck of an animal, the metal rimming of a wheel, ornamental plates, and coatings. Similarly, all other pegs it contains are pure.

ה

אֵלּוּ כְּלֵי מַתָּכוֹת הַמִּתְטַמְּאוֹת בָּעֲגָלָה. הָעל שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת. וְהַקַּטְרָב. וְהַכְּנָפַיִם הַמְקַבְּלוֹת אֶת הָרְצוּעוֹת. וּבַרְזֶל שֶׁתַּחַת צַוְּארֵי הַבְּהֵמָה. וְהַסּוֹמֵךְ. וְהַמַּחְגֵּר. וְהַתַּמְחֻיּוֹת. וְהַעִנְבּוֹל. וְהַצְּנִירָה. וּמַסְמֵר הַמְחַבֵּר אֶת כֻּלָּם. וְאֵלּוּ טְהוֹרִים בָּעֲגָלָה. הָעל שֶׁל עֵץ הַמְצֻפֶּה. וּכְנָפַיִם הָעֲשׂוּיִין לְנוֹי. וְהַשְּׁפוֹפָרוֹת הַמַּשְׁמִיעוֹת אֶת הַקּוֹל. וְהָאֲבָר שֶׁבְּצַד צַוְּארֵי בְּהֵמָה. וְהַסּוֹבֵב שֶׁל גַּלְגַּל. וְהַטַּסִּין וְהַצִּפּוּיִין. וּשְׁאָר כָּל הַמַּסְמְרוֹת שֶׁבָּהּ טְהוֹרִין:

6

The scorpion of the olive press is susceptible to ritual impurity. Even though a chest for ground lentils is pure, if there is a metal carriage below it, it is susceptible to impurity.

ו

עַקְרָב בֵּית הַבַּד מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה. אָרוֹן שֶׁל גָּרוֹסוֹת אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא טָהוֹר אִם הָיְתָה תַּחְתָּיו עֲגָלָה שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת הֲרֵי זוֹ מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה:

7

A pepper mill is susceptible to ritual impurity because of each of the three keilim of which it is comprised: one is susceptible to impurity because it is a metal k'li, another, because it is a receptacle, and the third, because it is a sieve.

ז

רֵחַיִם שֶׁל פִּלְפְּלִין מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה מִשּׁוּם שְׁלֹשָׁה כֵּלִים מִשּׁוּם כְּלִי מַתָּכוֹת וּמִשּׁוּם כְּלִי קִבּוּל וּמִשּׁוּם כְּבָרָה:

8

A metal door in a cabinet of a homeowner is not susceptible to impurity. Such a door in a cabinet of a doctor is susceptible to impurity, because bandages are placed there and scissors are hung from it.

ח

הַדֶּלֶת שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת שֶׁבְּמִגְדָּל שֶׁל בַּעֲלֵי בָּתִּים אֵינָהּ מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה. וְשֶׁל רוֹפְאִים מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁמַּנִּיחִים בָּהּ אֶת הָאִסְפְּלָנִית וְתוֹלֶה בָּהּ אֶת הַמִּסְפָּרַיִם:

9

Metal plates on which a hot pot is placed are susceptible to impurity. Those that are affixed to a range are pure.

ט

טַסִּין שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת שֶׁמְּנַעֲרִין בָּהֶן אֶת הַקְּדֵרָה מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה. וְהַקְּבוּעִין בַּכִּירָה טְהוֹרִין:

10

Tongs with which one squeezes the wick are susceptible to impurity. The metal bars that hold up a mill from its front are not susceptible to impurity, because they are made only in order to reinforce the mill.

י

הַמֶּלְקָחַיִם שֶׁמְּמָעֵךְ בָּהֶן אֶת הַפְּתִילָה מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה. וְהַצִּנּוֹרוֹת שֶׁתּוֹפְסוֹת אֶת הָרֵחַיִם מִלְּמַעְלָה אֵינָן מְקַבְּלוֹת טֻמְאָה. מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵינָן עֲשׂוּיוֹת אֶלָּא לְחַזֵּק:

11

A bolt that locks double-doors: if it is made of metal, it is impure. If it is made of wood coated with metal, it is pure

יא

קְלוֹסְטְרָא שֶׁנּוֹעֲלִין בָּהּ הַדְּלָתוֹת אִם הָיְתָה שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת מִתְטַמְּאָה. הָיְתָה שֶׁל עֵץ וּמְצֻפָּה מַתֶּכֶת טָהוֹר:

12

The pointed end of a lock and the base of a lock are impure.

יב

הַפִּין וְהַפּוּרְנָא טְמֵאִים:

13

The ball of a weaving needle is pure, because it serves the wood.

יג

פִּיקָה שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת טְהוֹרָה לְפִי שֶׁהִיא מְשַׁמֶּשֶׁת אֶת הָעֵץ:

14

A weaving needle, a spindle, a walking stick, and a symphonia or flute of metal are susceptible to impurity. If they are made of wood and coated with metal, they are pure with the exception of a symphonia which, if it has a receptacle for wings, is impure even if it is coated.

יד

הַכּוּשׁ וְהַפִּימָא וְהַמַּקֵּל וְסִמְפּוֹנְיָא וְחָלִיל שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה. הָיוּ שֶׁל עֵץ וּמְצֻפִּין מַתֶּכֶת טָהוֹר. חוּץ מִן הַסִּמְפּוֹנְיָא שֶׁאִם הָיָה בָּהּ בֵּית קִבּוּל כְּנָפַיִם אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהִיא מְצֻפָּה טְמֵאָה:

15

With regard to a trumpet that is split up into different pieces: If only a craftsman would know how to put it together, it is susceptible to impurity while the pieces are connected. If anyone can take it apart and reconstruct it, it is not susceptible to impurity.

טו

הַחֲצוֹצֶרֶת שֶׁמְּפֻצֶּלֶת חֻלְיוֹת חֻלְיוֹת. אִם אֵין יוֹדֵעַ לְהַחְזִירָהּ אֶלָּא אֻמָּן הֲרֵי זוֹ מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה כְּשֶׁהִיא מְחֻבֶּרֶת. וְאִם יְכוֹלִין הַכּל לְפָרְקָהּ וּלְהַחֲזִירָהּ אֵינָהּ מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה:

16

The end of the round trumpet on which one places his mouth when blowing is susceptible to impurity independently. The wide portion is not susceptible to impurity independently. While they are connected, everything is susceptible to impurity.

A similar ruling: The branches of a candelabrum are not susceptible to impurity, because they have an accompanying name. Its flower and its base are susceptible to impurity. While they are connected, all the components are susceptible to impurity.

טז

הַקָּצֶה שֶׁמַּנִּיחִין הַפֶּה עָלָיו בִּשְׁעַת תְּקִיעָה מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ. וְהַקָּצֶה הָאַחֵר הָרָחָב אֵינוֹ מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ. וּבִשְׁעַת חִבּוּר הַכּל טָמֵא. כַּיּוֹצֵא בּוֹ קְנֵי מְנוֹרָה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן אֵינָן מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ לָהֶן שֵׁם לְוַוי. הַפֶּרַח שֶׁלָּהּ וְהַבָּסִיס מִתְטַמְּאִין בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן וּבִשְׁעַת חִבּוּר הַכּל טָמֵא:

17

A target for arrows that has metal strips is susceptible to impurity. A metal boot placed on prisoners' feet is pure. A metal collar is susceptible to impurity.

A saw whose teeth were inserted into a slit in a lintel and project into the doorway is not susceptible to impurity even though one makes use of it. If he inserted it in the slit of the doorway after it became impure, it remains impure until one affixes it with a nail. If he turned it over, whether from above, from below or from the sides, it is pure.

יז

קוֹרַת הַחִצִּים שֶׁהִיא הַמַּטָּרָה שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהּ לְשׁוֹנוֹת שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה. וְשֶׁמַּנִּיחִים אוֹתָהּ בְּרַגְלֵי הָאֲסוּרִים טְהוֹרָה. וְהַקּוֹלָר מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה. מְגֵרָה שֶׁעָשָׂה שִׁנֶּיהָ לְחוֹר הַדֶּלֶת אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמִּשְׁתַּמֵּשׁ בָּהּ אֵינָהּ מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה. וְאִם מִשֶּׁנִּטְמֵאת עֲשָׂאָהּ לְחוֹר הַדֶּלֶת הֲרֵי זוֹ בְּטֻמְאָתָהּ עַד שֶׁיִּקְבָּעֶנָּה בְּמַסְמֵר. הֲפָכָהּ בֵּין מִלְּמַעְלָה בֵּין מִלְּמַטָּה בֵּין מִן הַצְּדָדִים טְהוֹרָה:

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The Mishneh Torah was the Rambam's (Rabbi Moses ben Maimon) magnum opus, a work spanning hundreds of chapters and describing all of the laws mentioned in the Torah. To this day it is the only work that details all of Jewish observance, including those laws which are only applicable when the Holy Temple is in place. Participating in one of the annual study cycles of these laws (3 chapters/day, 1 chapter/day, or Sefer Hamitzvot) is a way we can play a small but essential part in rebuilding the final Temple.
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