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Temidin uMusafim - Chapter 1

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Temidin uMusafim - Chapter 1

Introduction to Hilchot Temidin uMusafim

They contain nineteen mitzvot: eighteen positive commandments and one negative commandment. They are:

1) To offer up every day two lambs as burnt-offerings;
2) To kindle fire upon the altar daily;
3) Not to extinguish it;
4) To remove the ashes daily;
5) To burn incense daily;
6) To light lamps daily;
7) That the High Priest shall offer up a meal-offering every day. This is called Havitin;
8) To offer up on the Sabbath, in addition, two lambs as burnt-offerings;
9) To prepare (and set in order) the show-bread;
10) (To offer up) the additional sacrifice of the New Moons;
11) The additional sacrifice of Passover;
12) To offer up the Omer as a wave-offering;
13) That every one shall count seven weeks from the day the Omer is brought;
14) To offer up the additional sacrifice of Shavuot;
15) to bring on Shavuot two loaves of bread together with the sacrifices brought in connection with them;
16) (To offer up) the additional sacrifice of the New Year;
17) The additional offering of the Day of Atonement;
18) The additional offering of the Sukkot;
19) the additional offering Shmini Atzeret.

These mitzvot are explained in the ensuing chapters.

הלכות תמידים ומוספין - הקדמה יש בכללן תשע עשרה מצוות: שמונה עשרה מצוות עשה, ואחת מצוַת לא תעשה. וזה הוא פרטן: (א) להקריב שני כבשים בכל יום עולות.
(ב) להדליק אש על המזבח בכל יום.
(ג) שלא לכבותה.
(ד) להרים את הדשן בכל יום.
(ה) להקטיר קטורת בכל יום.
(ו) להדליק נרות בכל יום.
(ז) שיקריב כהן גדול מנחה בכל יום, והיא הנקראת "חבתין.
(ח) להוסיף שני כבשים עולות בשבת.
(ט) לעשות לחם הפנים.
(י) מוסף ראשי חודשים.
(יא) מוסף הפסח.
(יב) להקריב עומר התנופה.
(יג) לספור כל איש ואיש שבעה שבועות מיום הקרבת העומר.
(יד) מוסף עצרת.
(טו) להביא שתי הלחם עם הקרבנות הבאות בגלל הלחם ביום עצרת.
(טז) מוסף ראש השנה.
(יז) מוסף יום צום.
(יח) מוסף החג.
(יט) מוסף שמיני עצרת. וביאור מצוות אלו בפרקים אלו:

1

It is a positive commandment to offer two lambs as burnt-offerings every day.1 They are called the continuous offering. One [should be brought] in the morning and one in the afternoon as [Numbers 28:3] states: "Two each day, a continuous offering."

א

מִצְוַת עֲשֵׂה לְהַקְרִיב שְׁנֵי כְּבָשִׂים עוֹלוֹת בְּכָל יוֹם וְהֵם הַנִּקְרָאִים תְּמִידִין. אֶחָד בַּבֹּקֶר וְאֶחָד בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר כח ג) "שְׁנַיִם לַיּוֹם עלָה תָמִיד" וְגוֹ':

2

When is the time at which they should be slaughtered? The morning one should be slaughtered before sunrise,2 when the entire eastern horizon becomes illuminated.3 Once there was a pressing situation for the community in [the era of] the Second Temple4 and they offered the daily morning sacrifice at four hours after daybreak.5

ב

וְאֵימָתַי זְמַן שְׁחִיטָתָן. שֶׁל בֹּקֶר שׁוֹחֲטִין אוֹתוֹ קֹדֶם שֶׁתַּעֲלֶה הַחַמָּה מִשֶּׁיֵּאוֹר פְּנֵי כָּל מִזְרָח. ופַּעַם אַחַת דָּחֲקָה הַשָּׁעָה אֶת הַצִּבּוּר בְּבַיִת שֵׁנִי וְהִקְרִיבוּ תָּמִיד שֶׁל שַׁחַר בְּאַרְבַּע שָׁעוֹת בַּיּוֹם:

3

[The lamb for] the continuous offering of the afternoon should be slaughtered when the shadows have been extended6 and it is obvious to all that they have been extended.7 This is from six and a half hours of the day until the day's end. Every day, they would not slaughter it until eight and a half hours of the day and they would offer it at nine and a half hours.

Why would they delay [its slaughter] for two hours after the beginning of the time? Because of the sacrifices of individuals and those of the community.8 For it is forbidden to offer any sacrifice before the continuous offering of the morning and no sacrifice is offered after the continuous sacrifice of the afternoon9 with the exception of the Paschal sacrifice. [That leniency was granted, because] it is impossible for all of Israel to offer their Paschal sacrifices in two hours.

ג

תָּמִיד שֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם שׁוֹחֲטִין אוֹתוֹ מִשֶּׁיַּאֲרִיךְ הַצֵּל וְיֵרָאֶה לַכּל שֶׁהֶאֱרִיךְ. וְהוּא מִשֵּׁשׁ וּמֶחֱצָה וָמַעְלָה עַד סוֹף הַיּוֹם. וְלֹא הָיוּ שׁוֹחֲטִין אוֹתוֹ בְּכָל יוֹם אֶלָּא בִּשְׁמוֹנֶה שָׁעוֹת וּמֶחֱצָה וְקָרֵב בְּתֵשַׁע וּמֶחֱצָה. וְלָמָּה מְאַחֲרִין אוֹתוֹ שְׁתֵּי שָׁעוֹת אַחַר תְּחִלַּת זְמַן שְׁחִיטָתוֹ. מִפְּנֵי הַקָּרְבָּנוֹת שֶׁל יְחִידִים אוֹ שֶׁל צִבּוּר. לְפִי שֶׁאָסוּר לְהַקְרִיב קָרְבָּן כְּלָל קֹדֶם תָּמִיד שֶׁל שַׁחַר. וְלֹא שׁוֹחֲטִין קָרְבָּן אַחַר תָּמִיד שֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם חוּץ מִקָּרְבַּן פֶּסַח לְבַדּוֹ. שֶׁאִי אֶפְשָׁר שֶׁיַּקְרִיבוּ כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל פִּסְחֵיהֶן בִּשְׁתֵּי שָׁעוֹת:

4

The Paschal sacrifice is slaughtered only after the continuous offering of the afternoon.10 Similarly, those individuals requiring atonement11 may offer their atonement offerings after the continuous offering of the afternoon on the fourteenth [of Nisan] so that they will be ritually pure and [and able] to partake of their Paschal offerings in the evening.12

ד

אֵין שׁוֹחֲטִין אֶת הַפֶּסַח אֶלָּא אַחַר תָּמִיד שֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם. וְכֵן מְחֻסְּרֵי כִּפּוּרִים מַקְרִיבִין כַּפָּרָתָן אַחַר תָּמִיד שֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם בְּיוֹם אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּהְיוּ טְהוֹרִין לֶאֱכל פִּסְחֵיהֶן לָעֶרֶב:

5

When the day before Pesach falls during the week or on the Sabbath, the Afternoon Sacrifice would be slaughtered after seven and a half hours and offered after eight and a half hours so that [the people] would have time to slaughter their Paschal sacrifices.13 If the day before Pesach falls on Friday, [the Afternoon Sacrifice] would be slaughtered at six and a half hours, the beginning of the time allotted for it and offered at seven and a half hours, so that they would have ample time to roast [their sacrifices] before the commencement of the Sabath.14

ה

עַרְבֵי פְּסָחִים בֵּין בְּחל בֵּין בְּשַׁבָּת הָיָה הַתָּמִיד נִשְׁחַט בְּשֶׁבַע וּמֶחֱצָה וְקָרֵב בִּשְׁמוֹנֶה וּמֶחֱצָה. כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּהְיֶה לָהֶם פְּנַאי לִשְׁחֹט פִּסְחֵיהֶם. וְאִם חָל עֶרֶב פֶּסַח לִהְיוֹת עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת הָיוּ שׁוֹחֲטִין אוֹתוֹ בְּשֵׁשׁ וּמֶחֱצָה בִּתְחִלַּת זְמַנּוֹ. וְקָרֵב בְּשֶׁבַע וּמֶחֱצָה כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּהְיֶה לָהֶם רֶוַח לִצְלוֹת קֹדֶם שֶׁיִּכָּנֵס שַׁבָּת:

6

Even though [no sacrificial animals] are slaughtered after the continuous offering of the afternoon,15 any entity that is fit to be offered on the altar's pyre is offered the entire day. And the limbs of the burnt-offerings and the eimorim16 may be offered until midnight, as we explained in [Hilchot] Ma'aseh HaKorbanot.17

The limbs and the eimorim - whether from the continuous offerings or from other sacrifices - that were not consumed [by the fire], may be turned over18 throughout the entire night until the morning,19 as [Leviticus 6:2] states: "The entire night until the morning."

ו

אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין שׁוֹחֲטִין אַחַר תָּמִיד שֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם. מַקְטִירִין כָּל דָּבָר הָרָאוּי לְהַקְטָרָה כָּל הַיּוֹם. וּמַקְטִירִין אֵיבְרֵי עוֹלוֹת וְהָאֵימוּרִין עַד חֲצִי הַלַּיְלָה כְּמוֹ שֶׁבֵּאַרְנוּ בְּמַעֲשֵׂה הַקָּרְבָּנוֹת. וְאֵיבָרִין וְאֵימוּרִין שֶׁלֹּא נִתְאַכְּלוּ בֵּין מִן הַתָּמִיד בֵּין מִשְּׁאָר הַקָּרְבָּנוֹת מְהַפְּכִין בָּהֶן כָּל הַלַּיְלָה עַד הַבֹּקֶר שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו ב) "כָּל הַלַּיְלָה עַד הַבֹּקֶר":

7

[The offering of] the limbs of the continuous offering on the altar's pyre [at night] supersedes [the prohibitions of] ritual impurity,20 but does not supersede the Sabbath [prohibitions]. Instead, all of the limbs of the continuous offerings offered on Friday are offered on the altar's pyre on Friday alone.21 For the initial [offering] of the continuous offering supersedes the Sabbath [prohibitions],22 but its concluding aspects23 do not.24 The fats of [the communal sacrifices offered on] the Sabbath are offered on a festival, at night, if the festival falls on Saturday night. [These fats] may not, however, be offered on the night of Yom Kippur [if it falls on Saturday night].25 [These concepts are derived from Numbers 28:10 which] states: "The burnt-offering of a Sabbath on its Sabbath." [This excludes the offering of] a burnt-offering of a Sabbath on another Sabbath.26 Nor may the burnt-offering of a weekday be offered on a festival.

ז

אֵיבָרִים שֶׁל תָּמִיד דּוֹחִין אֶת הַטֻּמְאָה וְאֵין דּוֹחִין אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת. אֶלָּא בְּעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת בִּלְבַד מַקְטִירִין אֵיבְרֵי תָּמִיד שֶׁל עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת. שֶׁהַתָּמִיד תְּחִלָּתוֹ דּוֹחֶה שַׁבָּת וְסוֹפוֹ אֵינוֹ דּוֹחֶה. חֶלְבֵי שַׁבָּת קְרֵבִין בְּלֵילֵי יוֹם טוֹב אִם חָל יוֹם טוֹב לִהְיוֹת בְּמוֹצָאֵי שַׁבָּת. אֲבָל אֵין קְרֵבִין בְּלֵילֵי יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר כח י) "עלַת שַׁבַּת בְּשַׁבַּתּוֹ" וְלֹא עוֹלַת שַׁבָּת זוֹ בְּשַׁבָּת אַחֶרֶת. וְלֹא עוֹלַת חֹל בְּיוֹם טוֹב:

8

When the fourteenth [of Nisan] falls on Sabbath, the fats of the Paschal sacrifice27 may be offered on the night of the festival,28 for they are considered as the fats of the Sabbath.29

ח

אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר שֶׁחָל לִהְיוֹת בְּשַׁבָּת. מַקְטִירִין חֶלְבֵי הַפְּסָחִים בְּלֵילֵי יוֹם טוֹב מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵם כְּחֶלְבֵי שַׁבָּת:

9

There never should be less than six lambs that have been inspected30 in the Chamber of the Lambs.31 They should be prepared four days before their sacrifice.32 Even though they would be inspected beforehand, they would not slaughter the continuous offering until they inspect it again, before its slaughter by the light of the torches.33 It was given water to drink from a golden cup34 so that it would be easier to skin.35

ט

אֵין פּוֹחֲתִין מִשִּׁשָּׁה טְלָאִים הַמְבֻקָּרִין בְּלִשְׁכַּת הַטְּלָאִים שֶׁבַּמִּקְדָּשׁ. וְיִהְיוּ מוּכָנִים קֹדֶם יוֹם הַקְרָבָה בְּאַרְבָּעָה יָמִים. וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהָיוּ מְבַקְּרִין אוֹתוֹ מִתְּחִלָּה לֹא הָיוּ שׁוֹחֲטִין אֶת הַתָּמִיד עַד שֶׁמְּבַקְּרִין אוֹתוֹ שְׁנִיָּה קֹדֶם שְׁחִיטָה לְאוֹר הָאֲבוּקוֹת. וּמַשְׁקִין אוֹתוֹ מַיִם בְּכוֹס שֶׁל זָהָב כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּהְיֶה נוֹחַ לְהֶפְשֵׁט:

10

The continuous offering of the afternoon is offered in the same manner as the continuous offering of the morning. Everything follows the regimen for the offering of the burnt offering, as written in [Hilchot] Ma'aseh HaKorbanot.36 The lamb was not bound before its slaughter so as not to copy the practice of the heretics.37 Instead, they would hold its forefeet and its hindfeet by hand.38 It would be held in the following manner: Its head would be to the south and its face to the west.39

י

כְּמַעֲשֵׂה תָּמִיד שֶׁל שַׁחַר כָּךְ מַעֲשֵׂה תָּמִיד שֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם. וְהַכּל כְּמַעֲשֵׂה הָעוֹלָה שֶׁכָּתַבְנוּ בְּמַעֲשֵׂה הַקָּרְבָּנוֹת. וְלֹא הָיוּ כּוֹפְתִין אֶת הַטָּלֶה שֶׁלֹּא יְחַקּוּ אֶת הַמִּינִין אֶלָּא אוֹחֲזִין יָדָיו וְרַגְלָיו בִּידֵיהֶן. וְכָךְ הָיְתָה עֲקֵדָתוֹ רֹאשׁוֹ לַדָּרוֹם וּפָנָיו לַמַּעֲרָב:

11

The continuous offering of the morning would be slaughtered in the northwest corner of the butchering area,40 on the second ring,41 and that of the afternoon would be slaughtered in the northeast corner on the second ring. [In this way,] they would be opposite the sun.42 The Received Tradition states that [these sacrificial animals] should be slaughtered opposite the sun.

יא

תָּמִיד שֶׁל שַׁחַר הָיָה נִשְׁחָט עַל קֶרֶן צְפוֹנִית מַעֲרָבִית שֶׁל בֵּית הַמִּטְבָּחַיִם עַל טַבַּעַת שְׁנִיָּה. וְשֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם עַל קֶרֶן צְפוֹנִית מִזְרָחִית מִמֶּנָּה עַל טַבַּעַת שְׁנִיָּה כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּהְיֶה כְּנֶגֶד הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ. דִּבְרֵי קַבָּלָה הֵן שֶׁיִּהְיוּ נִשְׁחָטִין כְּנֶגֶד הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ:

12

If they erred and inadvertently - or even intentionally - failed to offer the continuous offering of the morning, that of the afternoon should be offered.

When does the above apply? After the altar has been dedicated. If, however, it is a new altar on which no sacrifices have been offered, the continuous offering of the afternoon should not be offered on it first. For the altar for burnt-offerings should be dedicated solely by [sacrificing] the continuous offering of the morning.43

יב

טָעוּ אוֹ שָׁגְגוּ אֲפִלּוּ הֵזִידוּ וְלֹא הִקְרִיבוּ תָּמִיד שֶׁל שַׁחַר יַקְרִיבוּ תָּמִיד שֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם. בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים בְּשֶׁנִּתְחַנֵּךְ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. אֲבָל הָיָה מִזְבֵּחַ חָדָשׁ שֶׁעֲדַיִן לֹא קָרֵב עָלָיו כְּלוּם לֹא יַקְרִיבוּ עָלָיו תְּחִלָּה בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם. שֶׁאֵין מְחַנְּכִין מִזְבַּח הָעוֹלָה אֶלָּא בְּתָמִיד שֶׁל שַׁחַר:

Test Yourself on This Chapter

Footnotes
1.

Sefer HaMitzvot (positive commandment 39) and Sefer HaChinuch (mitzvah 401) count this as one of the Torah's 613 mitzvot. The Ramban (at the conclusion to his Hosafos to the negative commandments) argues that they should be considered as two separate mitzvot.

2.

For "the eager hurry [to perform] mitzvot" (Pesachim 4a).

3.

I.e., when the rays of the sun are already visible, but the orb of the sun has not appeared.

4.

In his Commentary to the Mishnah (Ediot 6:1, based on the Jerusalem Talmud, Berachot 1:4), the Rambam explains that once during the Greek occupation of the Holy Land, the Temple was besieged. Each day, the priests would exchange two baskets of gold coins for two lambs. One day, however, the Greeks refused to make the exchange. The people were forlorn. Later that morning, they miraculously found two lambs in the Chamber of the Lambs and R. Yuda bar Bava ruled that the morning sacrifice could be offered if the fourth hour of the day had not passed.

5.

The Radbaz derives two points from the Rambam's statements: a) only in a pressing situation may the offering of the sacrifice be delayed until after daybreak; b) even in a pressing situation, the sacrifice may not be offered after four hours of the day have passed.

6.

At noon, the sun is directly overhead and does not cast a shadow. By 12:30, the sun will have already passed to the western portion of the sky and will thus cast a shadow to the east.

7.

I.e., the sacrifice could have been offered directly after noon. Nevertheless, since the time of noon is not obvious to everyone, it was delayed slightly.

8.

I.e., to allow all of the other sacrifices to be offered, as the Rambam proceeds to explain.

9.

The Radbaz asks: Why isn't its sacrifice delayed any longer? He responds that the Sages did not desire for there to be any time pressure at all regarding its offering. Also, they wanted - at least partially - to fulfill the charge (Pesachim 4a): "The eager hurry [to perform] mitzvot."

10.

See Hilchot Korban Pesach 1:4 for more details.

11.

As stated in Hilchot Mechusrei Kapparah, ch. 1, this term refers to certain individuals - a zav, a zavah, a person afflicted with tzara'at, and a woman after childbirth - who are not permitted to partake of sacrifices until they offer certain sacrifices.

12.

This leniency is granted because a person who does not offer the Paschal sacrifices is liable for karet (Pesachim 59a).

13.

For every member of the Jewish people would have to partake of a Paschal sacrifice. Thus there would be a multitude of animals to slaughter and have their blood offered.

14.

At all other times, the Paschal sacrifices could be roasted at night. Hence, as long as they were slaughtered before nightfall, there was no difficulty. The roasting of the Paschal sacrifices did not, however, supersede the prohibition against cooking on the Sabbath. Hence, the slaughter had to be performed earlier so that they could be roasted on time.

15.

This represents the division of the halachot in the authentic manuscripts and early printings of the Mishneh Torah. A printing error appears to have crept into the standard published text.

16.

The fats and inner organs of the animal that are offered on the altar.

17.

As stated in Hilchot Ma'aseh HaKorbanot 4:2, this is a Rabbinic safeguard.

18.

So that they will be consumed by the fires faster and more completely.

19.

Although our Sages decreed that the limbs not be offered on the altar after midnight as mentioned above, if they were offered before midnight, they may be turned over the entire night.

20.

I.e., communal sacrifices may be offered in a state of ritual impurity. If the offering itself was offered in this manner, the limbs may be offered in this manner at night.

21.

I.e., during the day and not during the night.

22.

I.e., an animal sacrificed as a communal offering may be slaughtered and offered on the altar on the Sabbath.

23.

The offering of the limbs and fats which were not offered on the pyre on Friday.

24.

If there was no opportunity to offer the fats and the limbs on Friday, they should be brought up to the top of the altar on Friday night, but not offered on the pyre. On the top of the altar, they are not disqualified because of the passage of the night and they should be offered on Saturday night (Kessef Mishneh in the name of the Ritba).

25.

According to the fixed calendar followed at present, Yom Kippur can never fall on a Saturday night. Moreover, even when the new moon was sanctified based on the testimony of witnesses, an effort was made not to have Yom Kippur fall directly after the Sabbath (Rosh HaShanah 20a). Nevertheless, it is possible for the two holy days to follow in succession. See Hilchot Eruvin 8:10.

26.

And Yom Kippur is also called "a Sabbath."

27.

Which is offered on the Sabbath.

28.

I.e., on Saturday night which is the first night of the festival.

29.

I.e., even though they were not offered because of the Sabbath, since their blood was offered on the Sabbath, the offering of their fats supersedes the festival prohibitions (Radbaz).

30.

To make sure that they are free of physical blemishes [the Rambam's Commentary to the Mishnah (Arachin 2:5)].

31.

This was one of the sub-chambers in the Chamber of the Hearth (Hilchot Beit HaBechirah 5:10).

32.

In his Commentary to the Mishnah (loc. cit.), the Rambam writes that the source for this practice was the Paschal sacrifice brought by the Jews in Egypt. They were commanded to take the lambs four days before they were offered.

33.

The torches were necessary, because the offering was slaughtered before daybreak and more light was necessary for a careful inspection.

34.

This was a sign of the wealth and prosperity of the Jewish people, as appropriate for the Temple [the Rambam's Commentary to the Mishnah (Tamid 3:4)].

35.

The commentaries note that the rationale the Rambam gives here is different from that which he initially gave in his Commentary to the Mishnah (Beitzah 5:6). Afterwards, he emended that text to include the rationale mentioned here (Rav Kappach's notes to that mishnah).

36.

Chapters 6 and 9.

37.

Rashi, Tamid 31b, states that this refers to pagan idolaters who would bind all four feet of their sacrifices.

38.

Tamid 31b states that the sacrifice would be bound like the binding of Isaac the son of Abraham. Although some commentaries explain that this means that one of the animals forefeet and one of its hindfeet would be bound, the Rambam does not accept that interpretation and maintains that none of the legs were bound. the Tosafot Yom Tov (Tamid 4:1) brings support for this interpretation, noting that our Sages state that the priest who would offer the limbs on the altar would hold them during the slaughter. Thus each of the limbs was held by a different priest.

39.

In this way, if it defecated, its rear would not be facing the altar or the Temple Building.

40.

The area on the northern side of the Temple Courtyard where the sacrificial animals were slaughtered and cut up. See Hilchot Beit HaBechirah 5:13-14.

41.

There were rings implanted into the floor of the Temple Courtyard into which were inserted the legs of the sacrificial animals to hold them in place during the slaughter. See ibid.:14; the Rambam's Commentary to the Mishnah (Tamid 4:1). Others maintain that the animal's head was inserted into the rings.

42.

The sun rises in the east. Hence if the sacrifice was slaughtered on the eastern corner in the morning, it is possible that the wall of the Temple Courtyard would block its rays. Conversely, since it sets in the west, the afternoon sacrifice was slaughtered in the east so that the sun's rays would not be blocked.

43.

Note the contrast to the Golden Altar, as stated in Chapter 3, Halachah 1.

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The Mishneh Torah was the Rambam's (Rabbi Moses ben Maimon) magnum opus, a work spanning hundreds of chapters and describing all of the laws mentioned in the Torah. To this day it is the only work that details all of Jewish observance, including those laws which are only applicable when the Holy Temple is in place. Participating in one of the annual study cycles of these laws (3 chapters/day, 1 chapter/day, or Sefer Hamitzvot) is a way we can play a small but essential part in rebuilding the final Temple.
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