1

Coins of a half-shekel were required by everyone so that each individual could give the half-shekel he was obligated to give. Therefore, when a person went to a money-changer to exchange a shekel for two half-shekalim, he would give the money changer an extra amount in addition to the shekel.1 This extra amount is referred to as a kolbon. Therefore, when two individuals give a shekel [to discharge the obligation incumbent] upon both of them, they are obligated to give a kolbon.2

א

חֲצָיֵי הַשְּׁקָלִים הַכּל צְרִיכִין לָהֶן כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּתֵּן כָּל אֶחָד וְאֶחָד חֲצִי שֶׁקֶל שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב. לְפִיכָךְ כְּשֶׁהָיָה אָדָם הוֹלֵךְ אֵצֶל הַשֻּׁלְחָנִי וּמְצָרֵף שֶׁקֶל בִּשְׁנֵי חֲצָאִין יִתֵּן לוֹ תּוֹסֶפֶת עַל הַשֶּׁקֶל. וְאוֹתָהּ הַתּוֹסֶפֶת נִקְרֵאת קַלְבּוֹן. לְפִיכָךְ שְׁנַיִם שֶׁנָּתְנוּ שֶׁקֶל עַל שְׁנֵיהֶם חַיָּבִין בְּקַלְבּוֹן:

2

Any [two individuals] who are not obligated to give shekalim - e.g., two women or two slaves - and who gave a shekel are not obligated to give a kolbon.3 Similarly, if one person was obligated and another was not obligated, and the one who was obligated gave [a half-shekel] on behalf of the one who was not obligated - e.g., a man gave a [full] shekel on his own behalf, and on behalf of a woman, or on behalf of a slave - he is not obligated to give a kolbon.

Priests are also not obligated to give a kolbon,4 nor is a person who gives on behalf of a priest.

ב

כָּל מִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ חַיָּב בִּשְׁקָלִים כְּגוֹן שְׁתֵּי נָשִׁים אוֹ שְׁנֵי עֲבָדִים שֶׁנָּתְנוּ שֶׁקֶל פְּטוּרִים מִן הַקַּלְבּוֹן. וְכֵן אִם הָיָה אֶחָד חַיָּב וְאֶחָד פָּטוּר וְנָתַן הַחַיָּב עַל יַד הַפְּטוּר כְּגוֹן אִישׁ שֶׁנָּתַן שֶׁקֶל עָלָיו וְעַל אִשָּׁה אוֹ עֶבֶד פָּטוּר מִן הַקַּלְבּוֹן. וְכֵן הַכֹּהֲנִים פְּטוּרִין מִן הַקַּלְבּוֹן וְהַשּׁוֹקֵל עַל יַד הַכֹּהֵן פָּטוּר מִן הַקַּלְבּוֹן:

3

A person who gives a shekel on behalf of himself and a poor person, or his neighbor, or an inhabitant of his city, is not obligated to give a kolbon, if he gave [the half-shekel on behalf of his colleague] as a gift.5 [The rationale is] that he gave an [extra] half-shekel to increase the number of shekalim. If, however, he gave the half-shekel on behalf of his colleagues as a loan to be repaid when they have the means, he is obligated to give a kolbon.

ג

הַנּוֹתֵן שֶׁקֶל עָלָיו וְעַל הֶעָנִי אוֹ עַל שְׁכֵנוֹ אוֹ עַל בֶּן עִירוֹ. אִם נְתָנוֹ לָהֶם מַתָּנָה פָּטוּר מִן הַקַּלְבּוֹן. שֶׁהֲרֵי נָתַן חֲצִי שֶׁקֶל מַתָּנָה כְּדֵי לְהַרְבּוֹת בִּשְׁקָלִים. וְאִם נָתַן לָהֶם הַחֲצִי שֶׁשָּׁקַל עַל יָדָם דֶּרֶךְ הַלְוָאָה עַד שֶׁיַּחֲזִירוּ לוֹ כְּשֶׁתִּמְצָא יָדָם חַיָּב הַקַּלְבּוֹן:

4

Brothers who have not divided the estate left to them by their father - and similarly, partners6 who give one shekel on behalf of the two individuals - are not obligated to give a kolbon.7

When does the above apply? When the partners have conducted business with the funds of the partnership, and [the initial funds are no longer present]. If, however, one individual brought funds and the other brought funds and they joined them together, but did not exchange or spend the funds, they are obligated to give a kolbon.8

If they conducted business with the funds of the partnership, afterwards divided the assets, and then entered into a new partnership, they are obligated to give a kolbon until they conduct business under the new partnership agreement, and exchange the money [in the partnership's account].

ד

הָאַחִין שֶׁעֲדַיִן לֹא חָלְקוּ מַה שֶּׁהִנִּיחַ לָהֶם אֲבִיהֶם. וְכֵן הַשֻּׁתָּפִים שֶׁנָּתְנוּ שֶׁקֶל עַל יְדֵי שְׁנֵיהֶם פְּטוּרִין מִן הַקַּלְבּוֹן. בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים בְּשֻׁתָּפִין שֶׁנָּשְׂאוּ וְנָתְנוּ בִּמְעוֹת הַשֻּׁתָּפוּת וְנִשְׁתַּנָּה עֵין הַמָּעוֹת. אֲבָל אִם הֵבִיא זֶה מְעוֹתָיו וְזֶה מְעוֹתָיו וְעֵרְבוּם וַעֲדַיִן לֹא נִשְׁתַּנּוּ הַמָּעוֹת וְלֹא הוֹצִיאוּם הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ חַיָּבִין בְּקַלְבּוֹן. נָשְׂאוּ וְנָתְנוּ וְאַחַר זְמַן חָלְקוּ וְחָזְרוּ וְנִשְׁתַּתְּפוּ חַיָּבִין בְּקַלְבּוֹן עַד שֶׁיִּשְּׂאוּ וְיִתְּנוּ בְּשֻׁתָּפוּת זוֹ הָאַחֲרוֹנָה וְיִשְׁתַּנּוּ הַמָּעוֹת:

5

When [by contrast] brothers or partners jointly own an animal and funds, and then they subsequently divide the funds, they are obligated to give a kolbon although they have not divided the animal.9 Conversely, however, if they divided the animal, but did not divide the funds, they are not obligated to give a kolbon until they divide the funds. We do not say that the funds are about to be divided.10

ה

הָאַחִין וְהַשֻּׁתָּפִין שֶׁהָיָה לָהֶן בְּהֵמָה וּכְסָפִים וְחָלְקוּ בַּכְּסָפִים חַיָּבִים בְּקַלְבּוֹן. אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁעֲדַיִן לֹא חָלְקוּ הַבְּהֵמָה. וְאִם חָלְקוּ הַבְּהֵמָה וְלֹא חָלְקוּ הַכְּסָפִים פְּטוּרִין מִן הַקַּלְבּוֹן עַד שֶׁיַּחְלְקוּ הַכְּסָפִים וְאֵין אוֹמְרִין הֲרֵי הֵם עוֹמְדִין לַחֲלוּקָה:

6

When a person gives a shekel to the Temple treasury so that it will be considered as if he gave the half-shekel he is obligated to give, and so that he should receive a half-shekel that was collected from others, he is obligated [to give] two kolbonot.11 In contrast, if his shekel were given entirely to [the Temple treasury], he would be obligated to give one kolbon [only].12

ו

הַנּוֹתֵן שֶׁקֶל לְהֶקְדֵּשׁ כְּדֵי שֶׁיְּחַשְּׁבוּ לוֹ מַחֲצִית הַשֶּׁקֶל שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב בָּהּ וְיִטּל חֲצִי שֶׁקֶל מִמַּה שֶּׁנִּגְבָּה מִן הָאֲחֵרִים חַיָּב שְׁנֵי קַלְבּוֹנוֹת. שֶׁאִלּוּ הָיָה הַשֶּׁקֶל כֻּלּוֹ לִשְׁקָלִים הָיָה חַיָּב קַלְבּוֹן אֶחָד:

7

What is the value of a kolbon? When two dinarim were given as a half-shekel, the value of a kolbon was half a ma'ah - i.e., one twelfth of a dinar. A kolbon of a lesser value was never given.13

The kolbonot do not have the same status as the shekalim. The money-changers would gather them in a separate collection until they were required by the Temple treasury.14

ז

כַּמָּה הוּא שִׁעוּר הַקַּלְבּוֹן. בִּזְמַן שֶׁהָיוּ נוֹתְנִין בְּמַחֲצִית הַשֶּׁקֶל שְׁנֵי דִּינָרִין הָיָה הַקַּלְבּוֹן חֲצִי מָעָה שֶׁהוּא אֶחָד מִשְּׁנֵים עָשָׂר בְּדִינָר. וּמֵעוֹלָם לֹא נִתַּן הַקַּלְבּוֹן פָּחוֹת מִזֶּה. וְהַקַּלְבּוֹנוֹת אֵינָן כִּשְׁקָלִים אֶלָּא מַנִּיחִין אוֹתָן הַשֻּׁלְחָנִים בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן עַד שֶׁיִּסְתַּפֵּק מֵהֶן הַהֶקְדֵּשׁ:

8

A person whose shekel is lost is responsible for it until it is given to the Temple treasury.15

[The following rules apply when] the inhabitants of a city send their shekalim by means of an emissary and they are stolen or lost: If [the emissary] was an unpaid watchman, he should take an oath to them,16 and then he is freed of liability, as is any other unpaid watchman. [The people] then must give their half-shekalim a second time.17

If the inhabitants of the city say, "Since we are giving our shekalim a second time [regardless], we do not desire for the emissary to be required to take an oath, for he is trusted by us," their request is denied. It is an edict of the Sages that [nothing] consecrated should be released without an oath having been taken.18

If the first19 shekalim were discovered after the emissary took the oath, both sets of shekalim are consecrated, but [the later shekalim] are not considered [as payment] for the following year. The first [shekalim] should be included among the shekalim of the present year, and the later [shekalim] should be included together with [the collection of shekalim] from the previous year.20

ח

מִי שֶׁאָבַד שִׁקְלוֹ חַיָּב בְּאַחְרָיוּתוֹ עַד שֶׁיִּמְסְרֶנּוּ לַגִּזְבָּר. בְּנֵי הָעִיר שֶׁשָּׁלְחוּ אֶת שִׁקְלֵיהֶן בְּיַד שָׁלִיחַ וְנִגְנְבוּ אוֹ אָבְדוּ. אִם שׁוֹמֵר חִנָּם הוּא הֲרֵי זֶה נִשְׁבָּע לָהֶם וְנִפְטָר כְּדִין כָּל שׁוֹמְרֵי חִנָּם וְהֵן חוֹזְרִין וְנוֹתְנִין שִׁקְלֵיהֶן פַּעַם שְׁנִיָּה. וְאִם אָמְרוּ אַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר הוֹאִיל וְאָנוּ מְשַׁלְּמִין שְׁקָלֵינוּ אֵין רְצוֹנֵנוּ שֶׁיִּשָּׁבַע הַשָּׁלִיחַ שֶׁהוּא נֶאֱמָן לָנוּ אֵין שׁוֹמְעִין לָהֶן. לְפִי שֶׁתַּקָּנַת חֲכָמִים הִיא שֶׁאֵין הֶקְדֵּשׁ יוֹצֵא בְּלֹא שְׁבוּעָה. נִמְצְאוּ הַשְּׁקָלִים הָרִאשׁוֹנִים אַחַר שֶׁנִּשְׁבַּע הַשָּׁלִיחַ אֵלּוּ וְאֵלּוּ שְׁקָלִים הֵם וְאֵין עוֹלִין לָהֶן לְשָׁנָה אַחֶרֶת. וְהָרִאשׁוֹנִים יִפְּלוּ לְשִׁקְלֵי הַשָּׁנָה וְהָאַחֲרוֹנִים יִפְּלוּ לְשִׁקְלֵי שָׁנָה שֶׁעָבְרָה:

9

[The following rules apply when] they sent their shekalim with a paid watchman, who is liable in the event of theft and loss, and [the shekalim] were lost because of forces beyond their control - e.g., they were taken by armed thieves. [The emissary] is not held liable.21

[Whether or not the inhabitants of the city are required to pay a second time depends on whether or not the funds in the Temple treasury have been set aside22.] If [the inhabitants' funds] were lost because of forces beyond [the emissary's] control after the funds [in the Temple treasury] were set aside, the emissary is required to take an oath23 to the Temple treasurer,24 and the inhabitants of the city are no longer liable. For the person who set aside the funds in the Temple treasury, did so on behalf of [those whose funds] have been collected, and on behalf of [those whose funds] have not yet been collected. Thus, the funds were already in the custody of the Temple treasury.25

The inhabitants of the city [are freed of liability], because there was nothing more that they could have done. They gave [the funds] to a paid watchman, who is liable in the event of theft and loss, and [the loss of property] due to forces beyond a person's control is an uncommon phenomenon.

If [the inhabitants' funds] were lost before the funds [in the Temple treasury] were set aside, they are considered as still being in the possession of the inhabitants of the city. The emissary is required to take an oath to the inhabitants of the city, and they are required to pay [their half-shekalim a second time].

If [the emissary] took [the required] oath, and they collected shekalim a second time, and then the thieves returned [the stolen funds], both sets of shekalim are consecrated, but [the later shekalim] are not considered [as payment] for the following year. Instead, [the later shekalim] should be included together with [the collection of shekalim] from the previous year.

There is an opinion26 that states that the first shekalim, which will be included among the shekalim of the present year, are the shekalim that were originally stolen, lost, or taken by forces beyond the emissary's control and returned. Another opinion states that the first shekalim are the shekalim that come to the hands of the Temple treasurer first.

ט

שָׁלְחוּ אֶת שִׁקְלֵיהֶם בְּיַד שׁוֹמֵר שָׂכָר שֶׁהֲרֵי הוּא חַיָּב בִּגְנֵבָה וַאֲבֵדָה וְאָבְדוּ מִמֶּנּוּ בְּאֹנֶס. כְּגוֹן שֶׁלְּקָחוּם לִסְטִים מְזֻיָּנִים שֶׁהוּא פָּטוּר. רוֹאִין אִם אַחַר שֶׁנִּתְרְמָה הַתְּרוּמָה נֶאֱנַס נִשְׁבָּע הַשָּׁלִיחַ לַגִּזְבָּרִים וּבְנֵי הָעִיר פְּטוּרִין. שֶׁהַתּוֹרֵם תּוֹרֵם עַל הַגָּבוּי וְעַל הֶעָתִיד לִגָּבוֹת וּבִרְשׁוּת הֶקְדֵּשׁ הֵן וּבְנֵי הָעִיר מֶה הָיָה לָהֶן לַעֲשׂוֹת הֲרֵי לֹא מָסְרוּ אֶלָּא לְשׁוֹמֵר שָׂכָר שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב בִּגְנֵבָה וַאֲבֵדָה. אֲבָל הָאֹנֶס אֵינוֹ מָצוּי. וְאִם אָבְדוּ קֹדֶם שֶׁנִּתְרְמָה הַתְּרוּמָה עֲדַיִן בִּרְשׁוּת בְּנֵי הָעִיר הֵם וְהַשָּׁלִיחַ נִשְׁבָּע לִפְנֵי אַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר וְהֵן מְשַׁלְּמִין. נִשְׁבַּע וְגָבוּ שְׁקָלִים שֵׁנִית וְאַחַר כָּךְ הֶחֱזִירוּם הַלִּסְטִים אֵלּוּ וְאֵלּוּ שְׁקָלִים וְאֵין עוֹלִין לָהֶן לְשָׁנָה אַחֶרֶת וְהַשְּׁנִיִּים יִפְּלוּ לְשִׁקְלֵי שָׁנָה שֶׁעָבְרָה. יֵשׁ מִי שֶׁאוֹמֵר שֶׁהַשְּׁקָלִים הָרִאשׁוֹנִים שֶׁיִּפְּלוּ לְשִׁקְלֵי הַשָּׁנָה הֵם הַשְּׁקָלִים שֶׁנִּגְּבּוּ בַּתְּחִלָּה וְאָבְדוּ אוֹ נֶאֶנְסוּ וְחָזְרוּ. וְיֵשׁ מִי שֶׁאוֹמֵר שֶׁהַשְּׁקָלִים הָרִאשׁוֹנִים הֵן שֶׁהִגִּיעוּ לְיַד הַגִּזְבָּר תְּחִלָּה:

10

[The following rules apply when] a person gives a half-shekel to a colleague to give to the money-changer on behalf of the donor, and instead the agent gives it to him on his own behalf, so that he will not be compelled [to give his own half-shekel at this time]: If the funds [in the Temple treasury] were already set aside,27 the agent is considered to have misappropriated consecrated property.28 For the [half-]shekel was already considered to be the property of the Temple treasury, since [the funds] were set aside on behalf of all those who would give in the future. Thus, [the agent] extricated himself29 [by using] consecrated funds and hence derived benefit from this [half-]shekel.

If the funds [in the Temple treasury] have not yet been set aside, the agent is not considered to have misappropriated consecrated property. He is, however, obligated to return the half-shekel to the colleague who gave it to him. Similarly, a person who robs [one of the money-changers of the Temple treasury] of a half-shekel, or steals30 it from him, and uses it for his half-shekel, is considered to have fulfilled his obligation [to give a half-shekel]. He must [reimburse] the [money-changer], [and] pay twice its value31 or add a fifth of its value32 [depending on the situation].

י

הַנּוֹתֵן חֲצִי שֶׁקֶל לַחֲבֵרוֹ לְהוֹלִיכוֹ לְשֻׁלְחָנִי לִשְׁקל אוֹתוֹ עַל יָדוֹ. הָלַךְ וּשְׁקָלוֹ עַל יְדֵי עַצְמוֹ כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יְמַשְׁכְּנוּ אוֹתוֹ. אִם נִתְרְמָה הַתְּרוּמָה מֵעַל הַשּׁוֹקֵל שֶׁזֶּה הַשֶּׁקֶל בִּרְשׁוּת הֶקְדֵּשׁ הוּא שֶׁכְּבָר תְּרָמוֹ עַל הֶעָתִיד לִגְבּוֹת וְנִמְצָא זֶה הִצִּיל עַצְמוֹ בְּמָמוֹן הַהֶקְדֵּשׁ וְנֶהֱנָה בַּשֶּׁקֶל הַזֶּה. וְאִם לֹא נִתְרְמָה הַתְּרוּמָה לֹא מָעַל וְהוּא חַיָּב לִתֵּן לַחֲבֵרוֹ חֲצִי שֶׁקֶל שֶׁנָּתַן לוֹ. וְכֵן הַגּוֹזֵל אוֹ הַגּוֹנֵב חֲצִי שֶׁקֶל וּשְׁקָלוֹ יָצָא וְהוּא חַיָּב לְשַׁלֵּם לַבְּעָלִים שְׁנַיִם אוֹ לְהוֹסִיף חֹמֶשׁ:

11

[The following rules apply when] a person give his half-shekel from consecrated funds:33 After the funds from the Temple treasury are set aside, when the funds [from the Temple treasury] are used [to purchase a sacrifice], the person becomes obligated for the misappropriation of consecrated property.34 He has, however, fulfilled his obligation to give a half-shekel.

Should one give [a half-shekel] from funds that were designated as the second tithe,35 he should partake of a quantity of food that is of equivalent value in Jerusalem.36 Should one give [a half-shekel] from funds that were given in exchange for the produce of the Sabbatical year,37 he should partake of a quantity of food that is of equivalent value, and treat it with the sanctity of the produce of the Sabbatical year.38 Should one give [a half-shekel] from an apostate city,39 his act is of no consequence whatsoever.40

יא

הַנּוֹתֵן מַחֲצִית הַשֶּׁקֶל מִן הַהֶקְדֵּשׁ וְנִתְרְמָה הַתְּרוּמָה מִמֶּנּוּ. כְּשֶׁיִּסְתַּפְּקוּ מִמֶּנָּה יִתְחַיֵּב בִּמְעִילָה וְיָצָא יְדֵי מַחֲצִית הַשֶּׁקֶל. נְתָנוֹ מִמְּעוֹת מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי יֹאכַל כְּנֶגְדּוֹ בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם. מִדְּמֵי שְׁבִיעִית יֹאכַל כְּנֶגְדּוֹ בִּקְדֻשַּׁת שְׁבִיעִית. הָיָה שֶׁל עִיר הַנִּדַּחַת לֹא עָשָׂה כְּלוּם:

12

When a person has set aside a [half-]shekel under the impression that he was obligated to give it, and then discovers that he was not obligated, his [half-]shekel is not consecrated.41

When a person gave two [half-]shekalim, and later discovered that he was obligated to give only one, [the following rules apply:] If he gave them one after another, the second [half-]shekel is not consecrated.42 If he gave them both at one time, one is a [half-]shekel, and one is considered as overpayment for a [half-]shekel.43 If a person set aside a [half-]shekel and died, the [half-shekel] should be designated as funds donated [for the purpose of purchasing burnt offerings].44

יב

הַמַּפְרִישׁ שִׁקְלוֹ וְסָבוּר שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב בּוֹ וְנִמְצָא שֶׁאֵינוֹ חַיָּב לֹא קָדַּשׁ. הַמַּפְרִישׁ שְׁנַיִם וְנִמְצָא שֶׁאֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא אֶחָד. אִם בְּזֶה אַחַר זֶה הָאַחֲרוֹן לֹא קָדַּשׁ. וְאִם בְּבַת אַחַת הָאֶחָד שְׁקָלִים וְהַשֵּׁנִי מוֹתַר שְׁקָלִים. הִפְרִישׁ שִׁקְלוֹ וָמֵת יִפּל לִנְדָבָה:

13

[The following rules apply when a person] takes coins in his hands and says, "These are for my [half-]shekel,"45 or when he collects ma'ah46 after ma'ah or prutah47 after prutah, and says, "I am collecting money for my [half-]shekel": Even if he collects an entire purse-full, [all that he is required] to give is the half-shekel that he is obligated to give, and the rest of the funds remain unconsecrated. For [any] overpayment given for the [half-]shekel remains unconsecrated.

יג

הַלּוֹקֵחַ מָעוֹת בְּיָדוֹ וְאָמַר אֵלּוּ לְשִׁקְלִי. אוֹ שֶׁהָיָה מְלַקֵּט מָעָה מָעָה אוֹ פְּרוּטָה פְּרוּטָה וּכְשֶׁהִתְחִיל לְלַקֵּט אָמַר הֲרֵינִי מְלַקֵּט מָעוֹת לְשִׁקְלִי. אֲפִלּוּ לִקֵּט מְלֹא כִּיס נוֹתֵן מֵהֶן חֲצִי שֶׁקֶל שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב בּוֹ וְהַשְּׁאָר חֻלִּין שֶׁמּוֹתַר הַשְּׁקָלִים חֻלִּין:

14

[The following rules apply when] money is discovered [in the collection area in the Temple] between the chest of the [half-]shekalim and the chest designated for donations [for burnt offerings]:48 [If the funds are] closer to [the chest of] the shekalim, they should be considered as shekalim. If they are closer to [the chest designated for] donations [for burnt offerings], they should be used for that purpose.49 If the funds are equidistant between the two chests, they are designated as donations for burnt offerings. [The rationale is that] these donations [involve a more severe type of offering,50 for they] are used entirely for burnt offerings. The shekalim, by contrast, are used for burnt offerings and for other purposes.51

יד

מָעוֹת שֶׁנִּמְצְאוּ בֵּין תֵּבָה שֶׁל שְׁקָלִים לְתֵבָה שֶׁל נְדָבָה. קָרוֹב לַשְּׁקָלִים יִפְּלוּ לִשְׁקָלִים. קָרוֹב לַנְּדָבָה יִפְּלוּ לִנְדָבָה. מֶחֱצָה עַל מֶחֱצָה יִפְּלוּ לִנְדָבָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהַנְּדָבָה כֻּלָּהּ עוֹלָה לַאִשִּׁים וְהַשְּׁקָלִים מִסְתַּפְּקִין מֵהֶן לְעוֹלוֹת וְלִדְבָרִים אֲחֵרִים:

15

Similarly, all the funds that are found between chests should be designated for the purpose of the chest to which they are closest. If [funds] are [discovered] equidistant between chests - for example, if they are between the chest [whose contents are used to purchase] wood and the chest [whose contents are used to purchase] frankincense - they should be designated [for purchasing] frankincense.52 [If they are discovered] between the chest [whose contents are used to purchase] pairs of doves53 and the chest [whose contents are used to purchase] doves for burnt offerings, they should be designated [for purchasing] doves for burnt offerings.54

This is the general principle: In all cases, we designate [the funds for the purposes of the chest] to which they are closest;55if [the funds] are equidistant [from two chests], [we designate them] for the purposes that are governed by] more stringent requirements.

All the coins found on the Temple Mount are [considered] unconsecrated funds,56 because the Temple treasurer does not take money out of the Temple treasury until he transfers their consecrated dimension to the animals that he purchases for sacrifices.

טו

וְכֵן כָּל הַמָּעוֹת הַנִּמְצָאִים בֵּין כָּל תֵּבָה וְתֵבָה יִפְּלוּ לַקָּרוֹב. נִמְצְאוּ מֶחֱצָה לְמֶחֱצָה. אִם בֵּין עֵצִים לַלְּבוֹנָה נִמְצְאוּ יִפְּלוּ לַלְּבוֹנָה. בֵּין קִנִּים לְגוֹזָלֵי עוֹלָה יִפְּלוּ לְגוֹזָלֵי עוֹלָה. זֶה הַכְּלָל הוֹלְכִין אַחַר הַקָּרוֹב בְּכֻלָּן. מֶחֱצָה לְמֶחֱצָה לְהַחֲמִיר. וְכָל הַמָּעוֹת הַנִּמְצָאוֹת בְּהַר הַבַּיִת חֻלִּין שֶׁאֵין הַגִּזְבָּר מוֹצִיא מָעוֹת מִתְּרוּמַת הַלִּשְׁכָּה עַד שֶׁהוּא מְחַלְּלָן עַל הַבְּהֵמוֹת שֶׁלּוֹקֵחַ לְקָרְבָּנוֹת: