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Monday, October 3, 2022

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

The 14-day dedication festivities, celebrating the completion of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem built by King Solomon, commenced on the 8th of Tishrei of the year 2935 from creation (826 BCE). The First Temple served as the epicenter of Jewish national and spiritual life for 410 year, until its destruction by the Babylonians in 423 BCE.

Links: The Holy Temple: an Anthology

Yahrtzeit of Rabbi Baruch, father of the founder of Chabad, Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi.

On 29–30 September (8–9 Tishrei), 1941, German forces aided by Ukrainian collaborators massacred over 30,000 Jews in the Babi Yar ravine near Kiev, Ukraine.

Link: Was the Holocaust a Punishment from G‑d?
Laws and Customs

The 10-day period beginning on Rosh Hashanah and ending on Yom Kippur is known as the "Ten Days of Repentance"; this is the period, say the sages, of which the prophet speaks when he proclaims (Isaiah 55:6) "Seek G-d when He is to be found; call on Him when He is near." Psalm 130, Avinu Malkeinu and other special inserts and additions are included in our daily prayers during these days.

The Baal Shem Tov instituted the custom of reciting three additional chapters of Psalms each day, from the 1st of Elul until Yom Kippur (on Yom Kippur the remaining 36 chapters are recited, thereby completing the entire book of Psalms). Click below for today's three Psalms.

Chapter 109
Chapter 110
Chapter 111

Links: About the Ten Days of teshuvah; Voicemail; more on teshuvah

In certain communities, it is customary to perform the Tashlich ceremony today (if the day doesn't fall on Shabbat.)

Daily Thought

The Torah describes four ways you might be responsible for another person’s property: You might be a borrower, a renter, a paid custodian, or an unpaid custodian.

The borrower has near-total liability. The renter and the paid custodian are liable only in cases of negligence. An unpaid custodian is only liable if he abandons his duties or uses the property for himself.

These are the four options you have when entrusted with a life on Planet Earth:

You could take it as just borrowed time to do whatever you like with life and the planet.

Your Maker will say, “Fine, have it your way. I’m not involved, and any damage is your responsibility.”

Just as a borrower takes upon himself all liability.

Or you could work out a contract with your Maker, as in, “You do this for me and I’ll do that for you.” You could be either a renter or a paid custodian.

Your Maker will say, “It’s a deal. I’ll help you out. But if you don’t keep your half of the deal, I won’t be able to keep Mine.”

Just as a renter or a paid custodian takes partial responsibility.

Or you could recognize that all you have belongs to the One Above and your entire life’s meaning is as His agent.

You are the unpaid, faithful steward of life. You do whatever you can, and He will take complete responsibility for all your needs and all your life.

Likutei Sichot vol. 31, pg. 112, as per Shnei Luchot HaBrit.