ב"ה
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Wednesday, March 22, 2023

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

Shortly before sundown on the 29th of Adar, G-d commanded Moses regarding the mitzvah of sanctifying the crescent new moon and establishing a lunar calendar. This is the first mitzvah the Jews were given as a nation.

Moses had difficulty envisaging the moon's appearance at the exact moment of its monthly rebirth. After the sun set, G-d showed Moses the crescent new moon of the new month of Nissan, showing him the precise dimensions of the moon at the moment the new month is to be consecrated.

For the generations that followed, each new month was ushered in when two witnesses testified before the Sanhedrin (rabbinic supreme court) that they had seen the molad, the new moon. In the 4th century CE, Hillel II foresaw that the Jews would no longer be able to follow a Sanhedrin-based calendar. So Hillel and his rabbinical court established the perpetual calendar which is followed today -- until Moshiach will come and reestablish the Sanhedrin.

Links::
Lunar Time
Rosh Chodesh
The Molad

A few months after its creation, Napoleon's "Sanhedrin" (rabbinical supreme court) was dissolved. The Sanhedrin was created to approve certain religious regulations requested by the French "Assembly of Notables." The regulations were designed to blur the distinction between Jews and non-Jews.

The rulings of this pseudo-Sanhedrin were never adopted by Jewish communities.

Link:: Napoleon Bonoparte

Laws and Customs
Starting in the afternoon, Tachanun (confession of sins) and similar prayers are omitted.
Daily Thought

He found him in a desert land, in a desolate, howling waste…As an eagle awakening its nest, fluttering over His eaglets, so did He spread His wings and take Him…

In the month of Elul, He found you wandering in a desert.

Did He ever lose you?

No. But the Torah uses the word “found” to say that what He found there was unexpected.

Because He saw you there and He exclaimed, “How long has this neshamah wandered in such a desolate wasteland of spiritual life—and yet she remains whole and pure, and even senses that she does not belong in such a place!”

So He surrounded you, protected you, and gave you the strength to return.

And now, in the month of Tishrei, He carries you up to His palace of light on eagle’s wings.

Maamar Kanesher Ya’ir Kino 5742, 5722.