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Shabbat, July 31, 2021

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

R. Mordechai ben Hillel was a prominent scholar who lived in Nuremberg, Germany. He authored a famous halachic compendium known as Mordechai, included in all standard printings of the Talmud. R. Mordechai, his wife, and five children were killed in the notorious Rindfleisch massacres (see entry for 7 Iyar), on 22 Menachem Av, 5058 (1298).

Link: Rabbi Mordechai ben Hillel Ashkenazi

Laws and Customs

During the summer months, from the Shabbat after Passover until the Shabbat before Rosh Hashahah, we study a weekly chapter of the Talmud's Ethics of the Fathers ("Avot") each Shabbat afternoon; this week we study Chapter Four.

Link: Ethics of the Fathers, Chapter 4

Daily Thought

Shall the judge of all the earth not do justice? (Genesis 18:25.)

There are those who are angry with G‑d for all the horrors and suffering they have seen. They say the deal is up. He has broken His covenant.

It is not for us to argue. Their voice must be heard. Perhaps G‑d will listen.

Response of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson shortly after the Holocaust, reported in Kfar Chabad Magazine, volume 496.