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Tuesday, April 12, 2022

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

Following the Jewish nation's crossing of the Jordan into the land of Canaan (see entry for "Nissan 10"), and in preparation for the bringing of the Passover Offering, all the men were circumcised under the guidance of Joshua.

Due to the weather conditions in the desert which were not conducive for the healing of wounds, throughout the forty year desert sojourn only the Tribe of Levi circumcised their sons.

Links:
Brit Milah; Circumcision
Joshua ch. 5

11 Nissan marks the passing of Nachmanides ("Ramban", Rabbi Moshe ben Nachman, 1194-1270) -- Torah scholar, Kabbalist, philosopher, physician and Jewish leader -- in 1270.

Rabbi Isaiah Halevi Horowitz was a noted kabbalist, famous as the "Sheloh Hakodosh" (the saintly Sheloh) the acronym of his magnum opus, Shnei Luchot Habrit.

He held Rabbinical positions in various communities in Europe, before emigrating to Israel. He passed away in Tiberius at the age of 70.

Link: Rabbi Isaiah Halevi Horowitz

The Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of righteous memory, was born on this date in 1902.

Links:
TheRebbe.org
A Timeline biography
54 Years, 54 Ideas
Contemporary Chassidic Stories of the Rebbe
More on the Rebbe

To emphasize the vital role of education in society, the United States annually marks "Education and Sharing Day U.S.A."

Established in 1978 by a joint Congressional resolution, Education Day U.S.A. focuses on the very foundation of meaningful education: instructing our youth in the ways of morality and ethics, and teaching them an appreciation for divine inviolable values.

The Presidents designate annually Education and Sharing Day U.S.A. on the anniversary of the birth of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of righteous memory, who dedicated his life to the cause of education.

Links:
Education and Sharing Day U.S.A Homepage
A blueprint for meaningful education
The Rebbe's talks on the importance of education
A brief history
Yearly commemoration of "Education and Sharing Day U.S.A."

Laws and Customs

In today's "Nasi" reading (see "Nasi of the Day" in Nissan 1), we read of the gift bought by the nasi of the tribe of Asher, Pagiel ben Achran, for the inauguration of the Mishkan.

Text of today's Nasi in Hebrew and English.

Daily Thought

How was Joseph able to overcome the natural human instinct to take revenge against his brothers, and instead provide them only good?

Because he knew that all the travail that had befallen him was ordained from heaven. His brothers were no more than agents to a divine plan.

As he himself later told them, “Although your intentions were to harm me, G-d’s intentions were for good.”

G-d is good and all He does is for the good. And indeed Joseph saw that all turned out good—for he was now in the most eminent position to assist his family at this time of famine.

And since only good came from their actions, they truly deserved good in return.

This is what we are meant to learn from Joseph’s goodness to his brothers: That there is no human being to blame or to hold a grudge against for whatever has befallen you.

Yes, someone made a bad decision, and perhaps you can exact payment for that in court.

But whatever has befallen you was already determined in a heavenly court. And it is all for the good. If you will embrace it, you will come to see how it is for the good.

And if so, what sense is there in holding a grudge?

Likutei Sichot vol. 5, pg 241. Ibid vol. 20, 191.