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Tuesday, 19 Elul, 5780

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

R. Chaim Benveniste was a renowned scholar who served as rabbi in Tire, a town near Izmir, Turkey, and then in Izmir itself. His most famous work is Kenesses Hagedolah, a collection of halachic material arranged according to the order of the Code of Jewish Law.

Other notable members of the Benveniste family include Don Joseph Benveniste and Dona Gracia Mendes-Nasi.

Laws and Customs

As the last month of the Jewish year, Elul is traditionaly a time of introspection and stocktaking -- a time to review one's deeds and spiritual progress over the past year and prepare for the upcoming "Days of Awe" of Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur.

As the month of Divine Mercy and Forgiveness (see "Today in Jewish History" for Elul 1) it is a most opportune time for teshuvah ("return" to G-d), prayer, charity, and increased Ahavat Yisrael (love for a fellow Jew) in the quest for self-improvement and coming closer to G-d. Chassidic master Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi likens the month of Elul to a time when "the king is in the field" and, in contrast to when he is in the royal palace, "everyone who so desires is permitted to meet him, and he receives them all with a cheerful countenance and shows a smiling face to them all."

Specific Elul customs include the daily sounding of the shofar (ram's horn) as a call to repentance. The Baal Shem Tov instituted the custom of reciting three additional chapters of Psalms each day, from the 1st of Elul until Yom Kippur (on Yom Kippur the remaining 36 chapters are recited, thereby completing the entire book of Psalms). Click below to view today's Psalms.

Chapter 55</ br> Chapter 56 </ br> Chapter 57

Elul is also the time to have one's tefillin and mezuzot checked by an accredited scribe to ensure that they are in good condition and fit for use.

Links: More on Elul

Daily Thought

All that came into being…

…all the created worlds and all the ethereal entities that live in them, even the worlds that are mere emanations without tangible substance, even the worlds of thought and beyond to the realms of infinite light that preceded Creation...

—all this came to be only as a result of the thought of you, the earthly being, struggling in a world that only an infinitesimal glimmer of the divine has reached in its purity, bringing light where light could not be.

And so it follows that with one simple act of beauty, all those worlds and realms of light find their purpose fulfilled and shine yet brighter. And they reciprocate with a burst of intense light into our lowly world.

That is why the entire creation can be transformed with one simple, sincere deed.

Never underestimate the power of just a little light.