ב"ה
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Monday, 3 Tishrei, 5784

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Fast of Gedaliah
Jewish History

Tishrei 3rd is a fast day mourning the assassination of the Jewish royal Gedaliah ben Achikam, governor of the Land of Israel for a short period following the destruction of the First Temple. Gedaliah's killing spelled the end of the small remnant of a Jewish community that remained in the Holy Land after the destruction. They soon fled to Egypt. (According to many opinions, the assassination of Gedaliah actually occurred on Rosh Hashanah, but the commemoration of the event is postponed to the day after the festival).

Link: About Gedaliah

Rebbetzin Devorah Leah, daughter of Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi and mother of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch (the "Tzemach Tzedek"), passed away on this date just three days after her young son's third birthday. Click here to read more about this.

Laws and Customs

Mourning the killing of Gedaliah (see "Today in Jewish History"), we abstain from food and drink from dawn to nightfall; selichot prayers are included in the morning prayer.

The 10-day period beginning on Rosh Hashanah and ending on Yom Kippur is known as the "Ten Days of Repentance"; this is the period, say the sages, of which the prophet speaks when he proclaims (Isaiah 55:6) "Seek G-d when He is to be found; call on Him when He is near." Psalm 130, Avinu Malkeinu and other special inserts and additions are included in our daily prayers during these days.

The Baal Shem Tov instituted the custom of reciting three additional chapters of Psalms each day, from the 1st of Elul until Yom Kippur (on Yom Kippur the remaining 36 chapters are recited, thereby completing the entire book of Psalms). Click below for today's three Psalms.

Chapter 94
Chapter 95
Chapter 96

Links: About the Ten Days of teshuvah; Voicemail; more on teshuvah

Daily Thought

He found him in a desert land, in a desolate, howling waste…As an eagle awakening its nest, fluttering over His eaglets, so did He spread His wings and take Him…

In the month of Elul, He found you wandering in a desert.

Did He ever lose you?

No. But the Torah uses the word “found” to say that what He found there was unexpected.

Because He saw you there and He exclaimed, “How long has this neshamah wandered in such a desolate wasteland of spiritual life—and yet she remains whole and pure, and even senses that she does not belong in such a place!”

So He surrounded you, protected you, and gave you the strength to return.

And now, in the month of Tishrei, He carries you up to His palace of light on eagle’s wings.

Maamar Kanesher Ya’ir Kino 5742, 5722.