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Shabbat, August 17, 2019

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

Sir Moses Montefiore was a religious philanthropist who worked tirelessly on behalf of his brethren worldwide, and especially in the Land of Israel. He dispensed large sums toward charitable causes and founded numerous establishments and institutions. Sir Montefiore traveled far and wide to visit Jewish communities and interceded on their behalf before rulers such as Queen Victoria, Czar Alexander the Second, the Ottoman Sultan, and the pope. He lived to the ripe old age of 100, passing away on 16 Menachem Av 5645 (1885).

Read a biography of Sir Montefiore: Sir Moses Montefiore

Laws and Customs

The Shabbat after the Ninth of Av is called Shabbat Nachamu ("Shabbat of Consolation") after the opening words of the day's reading from the prophets ("haftara"). This is the first of the series of readings known as "The Seven of Consolation" read in the seven weeks from the Ninth of Av to Rosh Hashanah.

Links:
Seven Degrees of Consolation
Consolation
Shabbat Nachmu

During the summer months, from the Shabbat after Passover until the Shabbat before Rosh Hashahah, we study a weekly chapter of the Talmud's Ethics of the Fathers ("Avot") each Shabbat afternoon; this week we study Chapter Three.

Link: Ethics of the Fathers, Chapter 3

Daily Thought

What can we learn from the cycle of the moon, how she ever waxes and wanes and waxes again?

That a time of smallness is a time to become great;
And a time of greatness is a time to become small.

For in smallness lies the power to receive
and in receiving lies the power to become great.

And greatness endures only through its power to be small.

Vayakhel-Pekudei 5732:1. 5740:5. Torat Menachem 5742, vol. 3, p. 1372.