Get the best of content every week!
Find answers to fascinating Jewish questions, enjoy holiday tips and guides, read real-life stories and more!
To view Shabbat Times click here to set your location

Friday, 29 Tammuz, 5781

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
To view Halachic Times click here to set your location
Jewish History

Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, known as "Rashi", passed away on the 29th of Tammuz of the year 4865 from creation (1105 CE).

Rashi was born in Troyes, France, in 1040. His commentaries on the Torah, Prophets and Talmud are universally accepted as the most basic tool for the understanding of these texts for schoolchild and scholar alike. Numerous commentaries have been authored on his commentary. In his famed "Rashi talks", the Lubavitcher Rebbe repeatedly demonstrated how Rashi's "simple meaning of the text" style enfolds many layers of meaning, often resolving profound difficulties in the text and presenting new, innovative interpretations with a simple word choice or rephrasing of a Midrashic passage.

A brief biography (from "Gallery of Our Great")
Text of Rashi's commentary on this week's Torah reading (English translation)
An analysis of a section of Rashi's commentary by the Lubavitcher Rebbe

Laws and Customs
Starting in the afternoon, Tachanun (confession of sins) and similar prayers are omitted.

During the Three Weeks, from 17th of Tamuz to the 9th of Av, we commemorate the conquest of Jerusalem, the destruction of the Holy Temple and the dispersion of the Jewish people.

Weddings and other joyful events are not held during this period; like mourners, we do not cut our hair, and various pleasurable activities are limited or proscribed. (The particular mourning customs vary from community to community, so consult a competent halachic authority for details.)

Citing the verse (Isaiah 1:27) "Zion shall be redeemed with mishpat [Torah] and its returnees with tzedakah," the Rebbe urged that we increase in Torah study (particularly the study of the laws of the Holy Temple) and charity during this period.

The Three Weeks

Daily Thought

Esau said, “I have a lot.”

Jacob said, “I have all.” As in “all I need.”

Esau had a family of six. They were called “six souls.” Plural.

Jacob had a family of seventy. They were called “seventy soul.” Singular.

Esau lived in a granular, tossed-together, fragmented world in which he collected a lot of things and many people. A noisy world.

Jacob lived in a universe, a singular whole, in which all he encountered was only another manifestation of an essential oneness. Wherever he was, he had everything.

And you? Do you have many things? Or do you have much light?

Maamar Hechaltzu 5659, chapter 3.