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Wednesday, 27 Tammuz, 5781

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

After having been allowed back into France in the year 1315 (after the expulsion in 1306 by Philip IV), the Jews were once again expelled from France by Charles IV, who thus broke the pledge made by his predecessors in 1315 that the Jews would be able to stay in France for at least 12 years.

Laws and Customs

During the Three Weeks, from 17th of Tamuz to the 9th of Av, we commemorate the conquest of Jerusalem, the destruction of the Holy Temple and the dispersion of the Jewish people.

Weddings and other joyful events are not held during this period; like mourners, we do not cut our hair, and various pleasurable activities are limited or proscribed. (The particular mourning customs vary from community to community, so consult a competent halachic authority for details.)

Citing the verse (Isaiah 1:27) "Zion shall be redeemed with mishpat [Torah] and its returnees with tzedakah," the Rebbe urged that we increase in Torah study (particularly the study of the laws of the Holy Temple) and charity during this period.

The Three Weeks

Daily Thought

If the diversity of the human world was meant to create a great symphony, why are we making such ugly noise?

The fabric of our world, the Holy Ari taught, was preceded by a world the Torah calls Tohu.

Tohu was a world of perfection—of perfect division and absolute definition. In Tohu, Kindness left no room for Justice, and Justice had no use for Kindness. Each ideal stood on its own, with infinite potential to be itself and zero tolerance for anything else.

And so it shattered. And its fragments became the fabric of this world.

Every divisive quarrel, every unresolved dispute, is another artifact of the failure of Tohu.

When strong, diverse minds and intense, opposing personalities work in harmony to generate works of beauty and wisdom of lasting value, they are building a new world, the world G‑d left for us to finish off, a world of Tikun. A world as it was truly meant to be.

Maamar Hechaltzu 5659.