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Friday, July 15, 2022

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

In the year 2448 from Creation (1313 BCE), Tammuz 16 was the 40th day following the Giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, and the people of Israel wrongly expected Moses' return from the mountain (he would actually return on the following day). When their leader failed to return, they demanded from Aaron: "Make us a god that shall go before us". Hur (Moses' nephew, the son of Miriam and Caleb) tried to stop them and was killed by the mob. Aaron fashioned a calf of molten gold.

Links:
The Making of the Golden Calf (text of Exodus 32 with Rashi's commentary)
An anthology of Midrashim and Commentaries on the making of the Calf
The Day Before (on the deeper significance of Tammuz 16, from the teachings of the Lubavitcher Rebbe)
More on the Golden calf
See also "Today in Jewish History" for tomorrow, Tammuz 17.

Daily Thought

When does the moon have no light for us? When it is closest to the sun.

The closer it comes to alignment between us and the sun, the more it diminishes in size. Until, at its closest point, it altogether disappears. Then, once again, it is renewed and begins to shine.

At those points in life when we peer into darkness, groping to understand why this is happening to us, where this is taking us, why this must happen to us . . .
—those are the points of closeness to the light,
those are the points of renewal.

Sefer Hasichot 5752, vol. 1, pp. 157‐158.