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Monday, July 14, 2014

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

In the year 2448 from Creation (1313 BCE), Tammuz 16 was the 40th day following the Giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, and the people of Israel wrongly expected Moses' return from the mountain (he would actually return on the following day). When their leader failed to return, they demanded from Aaron: "Make us a god that shall go before us". Hur (Moses' nephew, the son of Miriam and Caleb) tried to stop them and was killed by the mob. Aaron fashioned a calf of molten gold.

Links:
The Making of the Golden Calf (text of Exodus 32 with Rashi's commentary)
An anthology of Midrashim and Commentaries on the making of the Calf
The Day Before (on the deeper significance of Tammuz 16, from the teachings of the Lubavitcher Rebbe)
More on the Golden calf
See also "Today in Jewish History" for tomorrow, Tammuz 17.

Daily Thought

Each of us has a terrorist inside, a mad impulse to abandon that which is rightfully ours, to blow ourselves to smithereens.

You cannot outsmart it, for it has hijacked the mind that you use. It believes it is you; you believe you are it.

No peace can be made with it, no compromise—for compromise is the name of its game, step by step to your oblivion.

You cannot even recognize its existence—for that would be your admission that evil has a place in G‑d’s world.

There is only one solution:

If you know what is right, do that.

Do not stop to look backwards—certainly not to negotiate with a terrorist.

Tanya, chapter 28.