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Shabbat, July 13, 2019

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

When the Babylonians breached the walls of Jerusalem on the 9th of Tammuz, King Zedekiah fled the city. He was captured by Babylonian troops in the plains of Jericho on the 10th of Tammuz and was taken to King Nebuchadnezzar, who forced him to witness the slaughter of his sons, and then ordered his eyes gouged out.

Links:

Zedekiah - The Last King of Israel
The Destruction of the First Holy Temple

Laws and Customs

During the summer months, from the Shabbat after Passover until the Shabbat before Rosh Hashahah, we study a weekly chapter of the Talmud's Ethics of the Fathers ("Avot") each Shabbat afternoon; this week we study Chapter Five.

Link: Ethics of the Fathers, Chapter 5

Daily Thought

Modern physics has brought us to a realization of the oneness of our universe, from which we may better grasp the Oneness of its Creator:

It was once thought that each of the forces of nature is an isolated force, and that matter is a composite of many varied elements. But the more modern science investigated, the more it became apparent that this multitude of distinct elements and forces lies only at the surface, an artifact of the synthesis of parts, their contraction and expansion, etc. The number of basic elements was further reduced until it was realized that the world’s existence essentially consists of a union of two elements, quantity and quality (matter and energy).

True, simple oneness, void of duality, is found only in the divine. From G-d’s perspective, there is only oneness. But if we will look at a created being as an entity in and of itself, it is a union of two elements—quantity and quality.

Likutei Sichot, vol. 15, Noach 2.