ב"ה
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Wednesday, 30 Sivan, 5782

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
Jewish History

R. Shlomo Kluger, rabbi of Brody, was one of the renowned halachic authorities of his day. He was a prolific writer, authoring over 100 books.

Link: The Incompetent Apprentice

Laws and Customs

Today is the first of the two Rosh Chodesh ("Head of the Month") days for the Hebrew month of "Tammuz" (when a month has 30 days, both the last day of the month and the first day of the following month serve as the following month's Rosh Chodesh).

Special portions are added to the daily prayers: Hallel (Psalms 113-118) is recited -- in its "partial" form -- following the Shacharit morning prayer, and the Yaaleh V'yavo prayer is added to the Amidah and to Grace After Meals; the additional Musaf prayer is said (when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat, special additions are made to the Shabbat Musaf). Tachnun (confession of sins) and similar prayers are omitted.

Many have the custom to mark Rosh Chodesh with a festive meal and reduced work activity. The latter custom is prevalent amongst women, who have a special affinity with Rosh Chodesh -- the month being the feminine aspect of the Jewish Calendar.

Links: The 29th Day; The Lunar Files

Daily Thought

When will Moses know he has succeeded?

When will the teacher know his pupils have absorbed the lesson?

When will a rebbe know his people truly have digested all he poured into them?

When the student wriggles and squirms and exclaims in exasperation, “If so, what am I doing here where I am? If so, why are any of us here? If so, this is a tight shell, a tiny cell! How long can we stay this way?!”

“If so, why are my eyes blind to seeing this truth that envelops me? Why are my ears deaf to the symphony in which I myself play? How could the world remain so cold? How could any corner of this world remain the way it is?”

Immediately, the walls of exile of the entire world crumble to the ground.

Maamar V’atta Tetzaveh.