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Monday, 30 Sivan, 5780

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
Jewish History

R. Shlomo Kluger, rabbi of Brody, was one of the renowned halachic authorities of his day. He was a prolific writer, authoring over 100 books.

Link: The Incompetent Apprentice

Laws and Customs

Today is the first of the two Rosh Chodesh ("Head of the Month") days for the Hebrew month of "Tammuz" (when a month has 30 days, both the last day of the month and the first day of the following month serve as the following month's Rosh Chodesh).

Special portions are added to the daily prayers: Hallel (Psalms 113-118) is recited -- in its "partial" form -- following the Shacharit morning prayer, and the Yaaleh V'yavo prayer is added to the Amidah and to Grace After Meals; the additional Musaf prayer is said (when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat, special additions are made to the Shabbat Musaf). Tachnun (confession of sins) and similar prayers are omitted.

Many have the custom to mark Rosh Chodesh with a festive meal and reduced work activity. The latter custom is prevalent amongst women, who have a special affinity with Rosh Chodesh -- the month being the feminine aspect of the Jewish Calendar.

Links: The 29th Day; The Lunar Files

Daily Thought

A tzadik brings you to discover who you truly are.

You are light.

If the times are times of light, he can awaken you to know that light.

If the times are dark, he can squeeze out the pure oil within you and set you afire so that you will become a bright light in the darkness.

But to absorb that light and make it one with you,
that it should become the most obvious thing in your life,
that it should cause you to scream out on a normal day, when everything seems fine to the rest of the world, “Why? How could this be? How long can we wait for the entire world to become light?!”

…that is a job the tzadik must leave to you.

And when you attain it, you will have reached to the very essence of all light, a light that is everywhere at all times.

And now the tzadik, too, will have attained that essence-light.

Maamar V'attah Tetzaveh, 5741. This was the last edited maamar of the Rebbe, and he personally handed it out.