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ב"ה
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Thursday, 30 Sivan, 5781

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
Jewish History

R. Shlomo Kluger, rabbi of Brody, was one of the renowned halachic authorities of his day. He was a prolific writer, authoring over 100 books.

Link: The Incompetent Apprentice

Laws and Customs

Today is the first of the two Rosh Chodesh ("Head of the Month") days for the Hebrew month of "Tammuz" (when a month has 30 days, both the last day of the month and the first day of the following month serve as the following month's Rosh Chodesh).

Special portions are added to the daily prayers: Hallel (Psalms 113-118) is recited -- in its "partial" form -- following the Shacharit morning prayer, and the Yaaleh V'yavo prayer is added to the Amidah and to Grace After Meals; the additional Musaf prayer is said (when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat, special additions are made to the Shabbat Musaf). Tachnun (confession of sins) and similar prayers are omitted.

Many have the custom to mark Rosh Chodesh with a festive meal and reduced work activity. The latter custom is prevalent amongst women, who have a special affinity with Rosh Chodesh -- the month being the feminine aspect of the Jewish Calendar.

Links: The 29th Day; The Lunar Files

Daily Thought

In every generation, the Zohar says, the soul of Moses extends itself into the teachers and leaders of the Jewish people.

What is the job of Moses?

To be a shepherd of faith. To nurture his flock with faith.

But the Jewish people are a people of innate faith, heirs to great men and women of faith all the way back to Abraham.

So the job of Moses in every generation is not to feed them faith, but to ensure they digest the faith they already have.

To bring the wisdom of their souls into their minds, their hearts, and their everyday actions.

Until every cell of a Jew is saturated with the deepest wisdom of the soul.

Maamar V’atta Tetzaveh.