ב"ה
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Friday, 23 Nissan, 5783

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Omer: Day Eight - Chessed sheb'Gevurah
Tonight Count 9
Jewish History

The Jewish community of Cologne, Germany, designated the 23rd of Nissan as a day of fasting and mourning to commemorate the Jews of Cologne massacred in 1147 during the Second Crusade.

Laws and Customs

In remembrance of the tragic death of Rabbi Akiva's disciples who died in a plague in the weeks between Passover and Shavuot, several mourning practices are observed during this period: no marriages are conducted during this time, and like mourners, we don't cut our hair or enjoy the sound of music. Customs vary as to the proscribed activities and the dates during which the mourning is observed; consult your rabbi as to the traditions followed by your community.

Link: 24,000 Plus One

Tomorrow is the ninth day of the Omer Count. Since, on the Jewish calendar, the day begins at nightfall of the previous evening, we count the omer for tomorrow's date tonight, after nightfall: "Today is nine days, which are one week and two days, to the Omer." (If you miss the count tonight, you can count the omer all day tomorrow, but without the preceding blessing).

The 49-day "Counting of the Omer" retraces our ancestors' seven-week spiritual journey from the Exodus to Sinai. Each evening we recite a special blessing and count the days and weeks that have passed since the Omer; the 50th day is Shavuot, the festival celebrating the Giving of the Torah at Sinai.

Tonight's Sefirah: Gevurah sheb'Gevurah -- "Restraint in Restraint"

The teachings of Kabbalah explain that there are seven "Divine Attributes" -- Sefirot -- that G-d assumes through which to relate to our existence: Chessed, Gevurah, Tifferet, Netzach, Hod, Yesod and Malchut ("Love", "Strength", "Beauty", "Victory", "Splendor", "Foundation" and "Sovereignty"). In the human being, created in the "image of G-d," the seven sefirot are mirrored in the seven "emotional attributes" of the human soul: Kindness, Restraint, Harmony, Ambition, Humility, Connection and Receptiveness. Each of the seven attributes contain elements of all seven--i.e., "Kindness in Kindness", "Restraint in Kindness", "Harmony in Kindness", etc.--making for a total of forty-nine traits. The 49-day Omer Count is thus a 49-step process of self-refinement, with each day devoted to the "rectification" and perfection of one the forty-nine "sefirot."

Links:
How to count the Omer
The deeper significance of the Omer Count

The day following a festival is called Isru Chag ("tied to the festival"). Tachnun (confession of sins) and similar prayers are omitted.

Daily Thought

Any animal that has a cloven hoof that is completely split into double hooves, and which brings up its cud —that one you may eat. (Leviticus 11:3)

All of us have an animal inside.

We have a divine soul, as well, a breath of G‑d within.

But a divine soul is too unearthly to manage a physical body; to do so, it has to invest itself and engage with the world from within an animalistic soul.

Only that this inner animal, to serve its purpose, must remain a kosher animal.

The first thing a kosher animal needs is hooves.

Hooves are like built-in shoes for animals—they lift them just a little above the earth.

Your animal, as well, needs to stay just a little above the earth.

When you eat, pause for a moment beforehand. Say a blessing on your food, loud and clear.

That way, rather than falling into your food, you lift your food up.

When you talk with other people, raise the conversation just a little higher, so that everyone walks away uplifted, feeling they’ve been both heard and inspired.

It's not a matter of being an angel. Walk on the earth.

But if you don't want to sink into the earth, you need to walk just a little higher.

Likutei Sichot vol. 1, pg. 222.