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Monday, February 27, 2023

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

Moses completed the book of Deuteronomy, concluding his review of the Torah which he began several weeks earlier, on the 1st of Shevat. He then wrote down the completed Five Books of Moses, word for word, as dictated to him by G-d. This scroll of the Torah was put into the Holy Ark, next to the Tablets of Testimony.

Moses' Passing
Giving of the Torah

The first edition of the Five Books of Moses (Torah) with the Targum Onkelos (Aramaic translation of the Torah) and the commentary of the famed commentator Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, known as Rashi, was published on this date in 1482. It was published in Bologna, Italy, by Joseph b. Abraham Caravita, who set up a printing-press in his own home.

Learn Torah With Rashi

Rabbi Shmaryahu Gurary ("Rashag") was born in 1898; his father, a wealthy businessman and erudite scholar, was a leading chassid of the fifth Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Sholom DovBer Schneersohn (1860-1920). In 1921, Rabbi Shmaryahu married Chanah Schneersohn (1899-1991), the oldest daughter of the 6th Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn (1880-1950). When Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak passed away in 1950, there were those who saw Rabbi Shmaryahu -- an accomplished Chassidic scholar and elder of the Rebbe's two surviving sons-in-law -- as the natural candidate to head the movement; but when the younger son-in-law, Rabbi Menachem Mendel, was chosen as rebbe, Rabbi Shmaryahu became his devoted chassid. Rabbi Shmaryahu served as the executive director of Tomchei Temimim, the world-wide Lubavitch yeshiva system -- a task entrusted to him by his father-in-law -- until his passing on the 6th of Adar I in 1989.

Daily Thought

The anniversary of Moses’ passing always falls on the week of the parshah of Tetzaveh. And so his name is missing from this parshah. (Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky of Chernobyl, Me’or Eina’im)

True, it is the anniversary of his passing, but it is also the anniversary of his birth.

Moses was born on the seventh day of Adar and died on the same day 120 years later.

And indeed, he is not only missing from the parshah, he is also eminently present in every verse. For every verse is an instruction directly from G‑d to Moses.

Only that instead of being called Moses, he is called “you.”

“You,” explains the Kli Yekar, means, “the essence of your being.”

Which makes sense. Because only the revealed Moses passed away from this world. The hidden, essential Moses never died.

Before Moses was given his name, he was hidden by his mother. He was hidden from the world.

And throughout his life, he remained hidden.

The Moses we read about, the Moses people knew, that was only the outer Moses.

But the inner Moses, the essential Moses, in that there is no change. That remains with us forever.

And so too with the Moses of each generation.

Likutei Sichot vol. 16, pg. 342 ff. Ibid vol. 26, pg. 204 ff. Hitvaduyot 5752 vol. 2, pg 299 ff.