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Sunday, 21 Shevat, 5780

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

On February 4, 1657, Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, issued the first residence permit to a Jew, Luis Carvajal, since the expulsion of all Jews from England by King Edward I in the year 1290. The edict of expulsion had been officially overturned in the previous year, 1656. The re-admittance of Jews into England was partially due to the efforts of the great scholar Rabbi Menasseh Ben Israel.

Link: Menasseh Ben Israel

Rabbi Moshe Galante II was born in Safed in 1620 and later moved to Jerusalem where he founded a large yeshivah. He was a grandson of the famed Rabbi Moshe Galante I, who was a student of Rabbi Yosef Karo.

Rabbi Galante was the first rabbi endowed with the title Rishon l'Tzion ("the First of Zion"), a title traditionally conferred upon the Chief Sephardic Rabbi of Jerusalem and later of the Land of Israel. This due to the profound love and esteem he was given by the Sephardic community in Jerusalem.

He authored a number of works including Elef HaMagen, which includes 1,000 responsa on various topics; Parpara'ot l'Chochmah, a commentary on the Bible; and Zevach HaShelamim on the Talmud.

Counted among his students was Rabbi Chizkiyah De Silva, rabbi of Hebron and author of the Pri Chadash (printed in the standard edition of the Code of Jewish Law).

Link: The “Holy Ari” Reads a Forehead

Daily Thought

There are three ways to bring unity between two opposites:

One

Introduce a power that transcends them both, and to which they both utterly surrender their entire being.

Externally, they now seem at peace with one other, because they are both under the influence of the same force.

But they themselves know that they are not truly at peace, and that such peace cannot endure, because their own being is simply ignored.

Two

Find a middle ground where the two meet.

The two are now at peace, but only on that middle ground

The rest of their territory remains apart, distant, without room for the other.

Three

Reach deeper, into the very essence of the two beings, and discover that at this point, in every aspect, they are no more than two expressions of the same one G-d.