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Wednesday, November 21, 2018

Halachic Times (Zmanim)
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Jewish History

In the first decades of the 5th century, Rav Ashi (d. 427) and Ravina I (d. 421) led a group of the Amoraim (Talmudic sages) in the massive undertaking of compiling the Babylonian Talmud -- collecting and editing the discussions, debates and rulings of hundreds of scholars and sages which had taken place in the more than 200 years since the compilation of the Mishnah by Rabbi Judah HaNassi in 189. The last of these editors and compilers was Ravina II, who passed away on the 13th of Kislev of the year 4235 from creation (475 CE); after Ravina II, no further additions were make to the Talmud, with the exception of the minimal editing undertaken by the Rabbanan Savura'i (476-560). This date thus marks the point at which the Talmud was "closed" and became the basis for all further exegesis of Torah law.

Links:
What Is the Talmud?

Daily Thought

There are things you fix by doing the right thing with them. Those carry your soul high.

There are things you fix by not doing the wrong thing with them. Those carry your soul higher than high.

There are things you fix up because you did the wrong thing with them, and then you regretted that with all your heart and you turned your life around. Those carry your soul high beyond imagination.

Yet all this is speaking of things that have some reality of their own, and perhaps even some means by which they could be used for good—only that you may or may not have used them that way.

There are, however, things in this world that are only evil, whose entire being is but to oppose all that is good—to strike fear, to cause despair, to be darkness. To deny reality.

And so, in your denial of their reality, in your refusal to show them fear, to provide them any ounce of credibility, they dissipate into the nothingness they truly are.

Those carry your soul to its very core and being. And yet higher.

Maamar Natata Lirei’echa Neis 5736.