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The Month of Adar
Simcha in the Shtetl - By <a href=''/k18913''>Chaim Leib Zernitsky</a>
Simcha in the Shtetl - By Chaim Leib Zernitsky

This month, Adar l, is an added month in the Jewish leap year. This year is a shanah meuberet (lit., “a pregnant year”), more commonly known as a leap year, on the Jewish calendar. The Jewish leap year, which occurs 7 times in a 19-year cycle, has 13 months instead of the regular year’s 12. This is so that the lunar-based Jewish year (which is 354.37 days) should remain aligned with the solar year (365.25 days) and seasons. It is important to keep the calendars aligned in order for the festivals to retain their positions relative to the seasons as prescribed by the Torah. The added month is called Adar I, and is inserted before the month of Adar (termed Adar II in leap years).

Adar is the official “happy month,” as is written, “As soon as Adar begins, increase in joy!” In a leap year, we have two months of extra happiness!

The festival of Purim, celebrated on Adar 14, is in Adar II in leap years, while the 14th of Adar I is marked symbolically as Purim KatanMinor Purim.

Adar Features
The additional month in a “pregnant year”
The easiest thing to do would be to get a divorce and follow one path through life, but Jews are notorious for their refusal to accept the easier solution
What it is and how to get it
Adar: the month especially "pregnant" with meaning
What do we do when our efforts to change our circumstances don’t succeed?
Can a person be as grateful for his troubles as he is for his joys?
Adar Calendar
Special Days in Adar
3 Adar Second Temple Completed
The joyous dedication of the second Holy Temple (Beit HaMikdash) on the site of the 1st Temple in Jerusalem, was celebrated on the 3rd of Adar of...
7 Adar Moses' Birth & Passing
Moses was born in Egypt on the 7th of Adar of the year 2368 from creation (1393 BCE) and passed away on his 120th birthday -- Adar 7, 2488 (1273...
9 Adar Sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe arrives in America
After a 12-day sea voyage, the previous Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn (1880-1950), disembarked at the New York harbor on the...
14 Adar Purim
The festival of Purim celebrates the salvation of the Jewish people from Haman's plot "to destroy, kill and annihilate all the Jews, young and old...
15 Adar Shushan Purim
The battles fought between the Jews and their enemies, which took place on Adar 13 throughout the Persian empire (see "Today in Jewish History" for...
25 Adar Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka Schneerson's Birthday
Rebbetzin Chaya Mushkah Schneerson (1901-1988) of righteous memory, wife of the Lubavitcher Rebbe of righteous memory, was born on Shabbat, the 25th...
Jewish History In Adar
1 Adar
1313 BCE Plague of Darkness
The 9th plague to strike the Egyptians for their refusal to release the Children of Israel from... Read More »
1164 Passing of Ibn Ezra
The highly regarded Biblical commentator, Rabbi Avraham ben Meir Ibn Ezra (1089?-1164CE), passed away... Read More »
circa 1663 Passing of Shach
Adar 1 is also the yahrtzeit (anniversary of the passing) of the great Halachist Rabbi Shabtai... Read More »
2 Adar
1960 Agadir Eathquake
Hundreds of Jews, including some students of the local Chabad Yeshivah, were among the thousands of... Read More »
3 Adar
349 BCE Second Temple Completed
The joyous dedication of the second Holy Temple (Beit HaMikdash) on the site of the 1st Temple in... Read More »
4 Adar
1307 Maharam's Body Ransomed
The tragic saga of the imprisonment of Rabbi Meir ben Baruch ("Maharam") of Rothenburg came to a... Read More »
1791 Passing of R. Leib Sarah's
Adar 4 is the yahrtzeit (anniversary of the passing) of Rabbi Leib Sarah's (1730-1791), a disciple of... Read More »
1798 Roman Ghetto Abolished
In 1555, Pope Paul IV segregated the Jews of Rome in a walled quarter surrounded by gates that were... Read More »
5 Adar
1273 BCE Moses' Last Day of Leadership
Moses passed away on the 7th of Adar. Following G-d's instruction that Joshua should succeed him and... Read More »
6 Adar
1273 BCE Moses Completes the Torah
Moses completed the book of Deuteronomy, concluding his review of the Torah which he began several... Read More »
1482 First Print of Torah with Onkelos & Rashi
The first edition of the Five Books of Moses (Torah) with the Targum Onkelos (Aramaic translation of... Read More »
1989 Passing of R. Shmaryahu Gurary
Rabbi Shmaryahu Gurary ("Rashag") was born in 1898; his father, a wealthy businessman and erudite... Read More »
7 Adar
1393 and 1273 BCE Moses' Birth & Passing
Moses was born in Egypt on the 7th of Adar of the year 2368 from creation (1393 BCE) and passed away... Read More »
1481 The Spanish Inquisition
The Inquisition was created in the twelfth century to find "Christian heretics" who would be... Read More »
8 Adar
1674 Oath on Torah Permitted
In the 1660's the Jewish community of Barbados became established and of considerable importance. The... Read More »
1825 Jews Enabled to Serve in Public Office in Maryland
In 1715, the Crown Colony of Maryland enacted a law requiring any citizen who wished to hold public... Read More »
9 Adar
1st century CE First Dispute Between Two Schools of Torah Thought
The schools of Shammai and Hillel for the very first time disagreed regarding a case of Jewish law... Read More »
1940 Sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe arrives in America
After a 12-day sea voyage, the previous Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn... Read More »
10 Adar
1592 Maharal Meets Rudolph II
Rabbi Judah ben Bezalel Lowe, known as the Maharal of Prague was famous among Jews and non-Jews... Read More »
11 Adar
1475 First Print of Rashi
Rashi, the most basic commentary on the Torah, was printed for the first time, in Reggio di... Read More »
1936 Passing of the "Rogatchover Prodigy"
Rabbi Yosef Rosen, known as the Rogatchover Gaon (Prodigy/Genius), passed away in Vienna on Thursday... Read More »
12 Adar
11 BCE Dedication of Herod's Renovated Temple
After 334 years, the 2nd Holy Temple in Jerusalem (see "Today in Jewish History" for Adar 3) was in... Read More »
13 Adar
356 BCE War Against Enemies of the Jews in Persian Empire
On the 13th of Adar of the year 3405 from creation (356 BCE), battles were fought throughout the... Read More »
135 BCE Maccabee victory
The Maccabees defeated the Syrian General Nicanor in a battle fought four years after the Maccabee's... Read More »
14 Adar
1393 BCE Moses' Brit
Moses was born on the 7th of Adar of the year 2368 from creation (1393 BCE); accordingly, Adar 14 was... Read More »
356 BCE Purim Victory Celebrated
The festival of Purim celebrates the salvation of the Jewish people from Haman's plot "to destroy... Read More »
15 Adar
356 BCE Purim Victory Celebrated in Shushan
The battles fought between the Jews and their enemies, which took place on Adar 13 throughout the... Read More »
16 Adar
c. 41 CE Rebuilding of Jerusalem Wall Begun
Agrippa I, appointed by the Roman Emperor to rule over Judea, was pious and kind to his subjects... Read More »
17 Adar
c. 75 BCE Torah Sages Escape
In the year 91 BCE, Alexander Yannai of the Hasmonean family succeeded his brother Yehuda Aristoblus... Read More »
18 Adar
1801 First Jewish Governor Sworn In
When Governor of Georgia James Jackson resigned his post to serve as a US senator, the president of... Read More »
1823 First Jewish Periodical in US
The inaugural edition of "The Jew," the first Jewish periodical in the United States, was published... Read More »
19 Adar
1949 Israel Secures Ein Gedi
Following the War of Independance, Israel needed to secure its borders against the hostile Arab... Read More »
20 Adar
1st Century BCE Choni the Circle Maker prays for rain
"One year, most of Adar went by and it didn't rain. They sent for Choni the Circle Maker. He prayed... Read More »
1640 Passing of "Bach"
Adar 20 is the yahrtzeit (anniversary of the passing) of Rabbi Yoel Sirkes (1560?-1640), Rabbi of... Read More »
21 Adar
1236 Purim Narbonne
In the course of a fight with a Christian fisherman, a Jew dealt him a blow which led to his death... Read More »
1786 Passing of Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk
The great Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk (1717-1786) was one of the elite disciples of Rabbi DovBer, the... Read More »
22 Adar
1430 Earthquake Saves Roman Jews from Forced Conversion
The church and the government of Rome set Wednesday, March 6, 1430, as the day when all the Jews of... Read More »
23 Adar
1312 BCE Mishkan assembled for the 1st time; "Seven Days of Training" begin
The Children of Israel began building the "Mishkan" (also called the "Tabernacle"--a portable... Read More »
1866 Passing of 1st Rebbe of Ger
Chassidic Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Altar (1799-1866), author of Chiddushei Harim (a commentary on the... Read More »
24 Adar
1817 Blood Libel Declared False
On Adar 24, Czar Alexander I of Russia declared the Blood Libel -- the infamous accusation that Jews... Read More »
25 Adar
397 BCE Nebuchadnezzar died
Death of King Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonian emperor who conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the first... Read More »
1901 Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka Schneerson's Birthday
Rebbetzin Chaya Mushkah Schneerson (1901-1988) of righteous memory, wife of the Lubavitcher Rebbe of... Read More »
26 Adar
1677 First Property Purchase in the US by Jewish Congregation
In 1658, fifteen Jewish families emigrated from South America to (what was to become) the United... Read More »
27 Adar
397 BCE Passing of Zedekiah
Zedekiah was the last king of the royal house of David to reign in the Holy Land. He ascended the... Read More »
1992 Rebbe Falls Ill
On the 27th of Adar I, 5752 (Monday, March 2, 1992), the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel... Read More »
28 Adar
2nd century Decree Against Ritual Circumcision Rescinded
In Talmudic times, Adar 28 used to be celebrated to commemorate the rescinding of a Roman decree... Read More »
1524 Purim Cairo
Ahmed Pasha was the governor of Egypt under Selim II "The Magnificent," the Sultan of the Ottoman... Read More »
29 Adar
1313 BCE Jews Commanded 1st Mitzvah
Shortly before sundown on the 29th of Adar, G-d commanded Moses regarding the mitzvah of sanctifying... Read More »
1807 Napoleon's "Sanhedrin" Dissolved
A few months after its creation, Napoleon's "Sanhedrin" (rabbinical supreme court) was dissolved. The... Read More »
Laws & Customs For Adar
1 Adar
Today is the second of the two Rosh Chodesh ("Head of the Month") days for the month of Adar (when a... Read More »
"When Adar enters," the Talmud declares, "we increase in joy." For this is "the month that was... Read More »
7 Adar
The Chevrah Kadisha (Jewish Burial Societies) hold their annual get-together and feast on Adar 7th... Read More »
Once a month, as the moon waxes in the sky, we recite a special blessing called Kiddush Levanah... Read More »
9 Adar
This being the Shabbat before Purim, on which we celebrate the foiling of Haman the Amalekite's plot... Read More »
11 Adar
In Talmudic times, a special stipulation allowed for Jews living in small villages or hamlets to hear... Read More »
13 Adar
A fast is observed today by all adults (i.e., over bar or bat mitzvah age) in commemoration of the... Read More »
In commemoration of the half shekel contributed by each Jew to the Holy Temple -- and which the... Read More »
14 Adar
Purim observances include: a) Reading of the Megillah (Book of Esther), which recounts the story of... Read More »
Virtual Purim (a website offering the story of Purim, detailed How-To's, articles and essays, Purim... Read More »
15 Adar
In cities that are surrounded by a wall dating from the days of Joshua (13th century BCE) -- a... Read More »
23 Adar
The Torah reading of Parah (Numbers 19) is added to the weekly reading. Parah details the laws of the... Read More »
This Shabbat is Shabbat Mevarchim ("the Shabbat that blesses" the new month): a special prayer is... Read More »
Jewish Women's Events
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Rosh Chodesh
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What Is Rosh Chodesh?
The Jewish calendar follows the lunar year. The renewal of the moon, marks the beginning of the month. Rosh Chodesh, which means ‘head of the month’ celebrates the start of a new month on the Jewish calendar.

Throughout history our light has waxed and waned. But even in utter darkness, it has never been extinguished.

More About Rosh Chodesh
A Monthly Holiday for Women
The special connection between women and Rosh Chodesh harks way back to the episode of the Golden Calf, when the women refused to surrender their jewelry for use in making the idol. As a reward, they were given Rosh Chodesh as a special Holiday for women.

Rosh Chodesh celebrates the monthly renewal of the moon, after it wanes to the point of disappearance. Thus Rosh Chodesh celebrates the concept of perpetuity despite life’s peaks and plunges. It is the woman who through her steadfast faith that ensures our nation’s survival; it is she who ensures that no matter how much we wane, we will always be renewed.

More on the Women Connection
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