Contact Us
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9

Taam:  (a) flavor; delight (b) reason  [2 related articles]
Taamim:  the musical cantillation signs that accompany the printed text of the Torah, known in Yiddish as trop  [5 related articles]
Tabernacle:  the temporary Sanctuary in which the Divine Presence dwelled during the Jews’ journeys through the desert  [77 related articles] G-d and Man » Holy Temple, The » Tabernacle
Tachanun:  (lit. "supplication"); the penitential prayers recited on all non-festive days  [4 related articles] G-d and Man » Prayer » Tachanun
Taf:  the twenty-second letter of the Hebrew alphabet, prounounced "t," with a numerical value of 400.  [4 related articles] Human Being, The » Faculties and Talents » Speech; Communication » Language » Holy Tongue, the; Hebrew » Aleph-Beit, The » Taf
Tafel:  (lit. “of secondary importance”); an object which is subordinate to another object (the ikkar)  Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Tafel
Tagim:  the “crowns” which adorn the upper edges of certain letters in the ritual script of Torah scrolls, etc 
Taharah:  Ritual purity.  [26 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Taharah
Taharah (Preparation for Burial):  (lit. “purification”); ritual washing and dressing of the deceased in preparation for burial  [12 related articles] Human Being, The » Life Cycles » Death » Taharah (Preparation for Burial)
Taharat HaMishpachah:  (lit. “family purity”); the system of laws which govern Jewish marital life.  [45 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Taharat HaMishpachah
Takanah:  one of the halachic sublaws ordained by the sages of the various generations  [1 related article]
Tallit (Prayer Shawl):  Prayer shawl fringed with ritual fringes at four corners, worn by men during certain prayer services.  [16 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Tallit and Tzitzit » Tallit (Prayer Shawl)
Tallit Katan:  (literally: small cloak) four-cornered poncho-like fringed cloak worn by Jewish men and boys beneath their shirts.  [16 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Tallit and Tzitzit » Tallit Katan
Talmid Chacham:  Torah scholar 
Talmud, The:  the basic compendium of Jewish law and thought; its tractates mainly comprise the discussions collectively known as the Gemara, which elucidate the germinal statements of law (mishnayot) collectively known as the Mishnah; when unspecified refers to the Talmud Bavli, the edition developed in Babylonia, and edited at the end of the fifth century C.E.; the Talmud Yerushalmi is the edition compiled in the Land of Israel at the end of the fourth century C.E.  [562 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The
Tamar, Daughter of David:  (9th century BCE) Daughter of David, sister of Absalom. She was violated by her half-brother Amnon. Absalom killed Amnon to avenge his sister's honor, creating a rift between David and Absalom.  People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Kings and Prophets » Tamar, Daughter of David
Tamar, Daughter-in-law of Judah:  (a) Originally married to Judah's son Er. After Er’s death, she married his brother Onan. After Onan, too, she seduced Judah and bore him twin sons, Zerach and Peretz (progenitor of King David). According to the Midrash, she was the daughter of Shem. (b) A common Jewish name.  [3 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Tamar, Daughter-in-law of Judah
Tamim:  present or former student of the Lubavitcher yeshivot (known as Tomchei Tmimim)  [2 related articles] Human Being, The » Mind, The Human » Education » Yeshivah » Tomchei Temimim Lubavitch » Tamim
Tammuz:  Hebrew month corresponding to June-July; the Three Weeks of mourning for the destruction of the Beit Hamkidash begin in this month  [5 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tammuz
Tammuz 12-13:  birthday of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn (1880), and anniversary of his release from a capital sentence and imprisonment in Soviet Russia (1927)  [37 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tammuz 12-13
Tammuz 17 (Fast):  fast commemorating five calamities, including the breaching of the walls of Jerusalem during the Roman siege that led to the destruction of the Holy Temple  [25 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tammuz 17 (Fast)
Tammuz 3:  The anniversary of passing of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson of righteous memory (b. 1902), who passed away in the early morning hours of the 3rd of the Hebrew month of Tammuz, of the year 5754 from creation (1994).  [94 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tammuz 3
Tanach:  The bible; acronym for Torah (i.e., the Five Books of Moses), Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (the “Writings”; i.e., the Hagiographa).  [184 related articles] Torah, The » Tanach
Tanna:  (lit. “teacher”); one of the sages whose opinions are quoted in the Mishnah and other works of that period (273 BCE-190 CE)  [199 related articles] People & Events » People » Tanna
Tannaim:  (lit. “teachers”); Sages whose opinions are quoted in the Mishnah and other works of that period (273 BCE-190 CE)  [199 related articles] People & Events » People » Tannaim
Tanya:  fundamental text of Chabad Chassidic philosophy, written by the movement’s founder, Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi in the 18th century; Tanya'' is the initial word of the book, which is also called Likkutei Amarim ("Collected Discourses'') and Sefer shel Beinonim ("The Book of the Intermediates'')  [102 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Chassidic Works » Tanya
Tarfon, Rabbi:  (c. 46-c.117) Mishnaic sage, an adherent of the House of Shammai, a contemporary of Rabbis and Joshua ben Hananiah. A Kohen, he served in the Temple and many of his recollections of the Temple service are recorded in the Talmud. He was extremely wealthy, gave generously to charity, and was renowned for the tremendous respect he accorded his mother.  [1 related article] People & Events » People » Mishnaic Sages » Tarfon, Rabbi
Targum Onkelos:  (lit. "translation"); classic Aramaic translation and paraphrase of the bible by the second-century proselyte, Onkelos  Torah, The » Torah Books » Biblical Commentators » Targum Onkelos
Taryag:  ‘613’ The number of Biblical precepts, consisting of 248 positive commandments and 365 negative commandments 
Tashlich:  (lit. “You shall cast...”); riverside ritual of atonement on Rosh HaShanah  [23 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Rosh Hashanah » Tashlich
Tefach:  a unit of length used in Jewish law, corresponding to the width of a fist 
Tefillah:  Prayer.  [1143 related articles] G-d and Man » Tefillah
Tefillah BeTzibbur:  praying with a congregation 
Tefillat HaDerech:  (lit. “the prayer of the road”); prayer recited by travelers  [10 related articles] G-d and Man » Prayer » Tefillat HaDerech
Tefillin:  (lit. "phylacteries"); small black leather cubes containing parchment scrolls inscribed with the Shema and other biblical passages, wrapped on the arm and head of adult men during weekday morning prayers  [179 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Tefillin
Tehillim:  the Book of Psalms, alternatively, several Psalms  [45 related articles] Torah, The » Tanach » Writings (Section of the Tanach) » Tehillim
Tekiah:  the protracted Shofar blast  [2 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Rosh Hashanah » Shofar » Tekiah
Tekiah Shevarim Teruah Tekiah:  the traditional order of the sounds of the shofar: a long steady blast, a series of short wailing blasts, a series of very short sounds in rapid succession, and another long steady blast 
Telling the Story of Exodus:  On the first night of Passover we are commanded to relate the story of the Exodus in great detail.  [5 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Passover » Seder, the » Haggadah, The » Telling the Story of Exodus
Ten Commandments:  the Ten Commandments  [59 related articles] Torah, The » Two Tablets, The » Ten Commandments
Ten Days of Repentance:  The first ten days of the Hebrew month of Tishrei, beginning on Rosh Hashanah and culminating on Yom Kippur.  [40 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Ten Days of Repentance
Ten Martyrs, the:  Ten Mishnaic sages who were killed by the Romans in the second century CE as an atonement for the sale of Joseph. They are: Rabban Simeon ben Gamaliel II, Rabbi Ishmael ben Elisha, Rabbi Akiba, Rabbi Hananiah ben Teradion, Rabbi Hutzpit the Interpreter, Rabbi Eleazar ben Samua, Rabbi Hananiah ben Hakinai, Rabbi Yeshevav the Scribe, Rabbi Judah ben Damah, and Rabbi Judah ben Bava. On Yom Kippur and Tishah B'Av it is customary to read an elegy that discusses the martyrdom of these holy men. (Some sources replace some of the names above with Rabbi Hananiah the Deputy High Priest, Rabbi Judah ben Teima, Rabbi Judah the Baker, and Rabbi Tarfon.)  [8 related articles] People & Events » People » Mishnaic Sages » Ten Martyrs, the
Terah:  (1883-1678 BCE) Idolatrous father of Abraham. According to the Midrash, he was an idol merchant. Repented before his death.  [4 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Terah
Teresh:  A chamberlain in King Ahasuerus's court. Together with his colleague Bigthan, plotted to assassinate the king. Mordecai discovered their plot, and they were both hanged. This event played a pivotal role in the Purim story, as described in the Scroll of Esther which is read every year on Purim People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Post First Temple (Biblical Personalities) » Teresh
Teruah:  the short staccato Shofar blast  [2 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Rosh Hashanah » Shofar » Teruah
Terumah:  Seventh Torah portion in the Book of Exodus.  [49 related articles] Torah, The » Parshah (Weekly Torah Reading) » Exodus, the Book of » Terumah
Terumah:  (lit. “the elevated portion”); a portion of the agricultural produce given to the priests; this portion must be guarded from ritual impurity and eaten in a state of purity  [14 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Terumah
Teshuvah ("Return"; Repentance):  (lit. “return”); repentance, return to a Jew’s true essence  [378 related articles] G-d and Man » Teshuvah ("Return"; Repentance)
Tet:  the ninth letter of the hebrew alphabet, pronounced "t," with a numerical value of nine  [6 related articles] Human Being, The » Faculties and Talents » Speech; Communication » Language » Holy Tongue, the; Hebrew » Aleph-Beit, The » Tet
Tevel:  Tevel is produce which has not had the Terumah and Maaser tithes separated from it, hence the food is deemed forbidden to eat until these required tithes are taken from it.  [1 related article] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Terumah » Tevel
Tevet 10 (Fast):  fast day commemorating the date on which the Babylonians laid siege around the walls of Jerusalem, leading to the eventual destruction of the Holy Temple  [21 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tevet 10 (Fast)
Tevet 24:  The 24th of the month of Tevet on the Jewish calendar is the anniversary of the passing of the founder of Chabad, Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, in 1812 (the Jewish year 5573).  [16 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tevet 24
Tevet, Month of:  Hebrew month corresponding to December-January  [7 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tevet, Month of
Tevilat Keilim:    [13 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Mikveh, the » Tevilat Keilim
The Guide for the Perplexed:  A philosophical work authored by Maimonides  [2 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » The Guide for the Perplexed
The Lubavitcher Rebbe, R. Menachem Mendel Schneerson:  Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of righteous memory (1902-1994); seventh leader of Chabad-Lubavitch, lived in Nikolayev and Dnieperptrosk (Ukraine), Leningrad, Berlin, Warsaw, Paris and New York; built upon and expanded his predecessors’ work to revolutionize Jewish life across the globe; known simply as “the Rebbe”  [276 related articles] People & Events » People » Chassidic Personalities » Chabad Personalities » Chabad Rebbes » The Lubavitcher Rebbe, R. Menachem Mendel Schneerson
The Shunamite Woman:  Childless woman who regularly hosted Elisha when he traveled through Shunam. In appreciation, Elisha blessed her with a son. When he died several years later, Elisha miraculously resurrected him.  [4 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Kings and Prophets » The Shunamite Woman
The Temple Menorah:  The seven-branched gold candelabra in the Temple.  [51 related articles] G-d and Man » Holy Temple, The » Components of the Holy Temple » The Temple Menorah
Third Meal ("Seudah Shelishit"):  (lit. "the third meal"); the third of Shabbat's required three meals, held right before sunset, during the mystic time of Shabbat's waning  [7 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Shabbat » Shabbat Meals » Third Meal ("Seudah Shelishit")
Thirteen Attributes of Mercy:  G-d’s boundless capacity for compassion, especially as expressed in the granting of atonement  [14 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Kabbalah » Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Thirteen Attributes of Mercy
Thirteen Principles of Torah Exegesis:  G‑d gave the Written Torah to Moses, along with instructions on how one is to study and explain it, extracting nuance and hidden meaning from the simple text. These thirteen principles were codified by Rabbi Ishmael and recorded in the Sifra, and are incorporated into the prayer book to be read on a daily basis.  [1 related article] Torah, The » Oral Torah, The » Thirteen Principles of Torah Exegesis
Three Daily Prayers, The:  There are three daily Jewish prayers: morning (shacharit), afternoon (mincha) and evening (maariv)[66 related articles] G-d and Man » Prayer » Three Daily Prayers, The
Three Weeks, The:  the Three Weeks of mourning from the Seventeenth of Tammuz through Tishah B'Av, commemorating the period between the fall of Jerusalem and the Destruction of the Temple  [133 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Three Weeks, The
Tiferet (Harmony; Beauty; Compassion):  (lit,. “beauty”) the third of the ten Middot, or Divine attributes, and their corresponding emotional attributes in the human soul; fuses the influence of Chessed and Gevurah and reveals a light that transcends them both; often identified with Mercy  [24 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Kabbalah » Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Sefirot, The (seven, ten) » Tiferet (Harmony; Beauty; Compassion)
Tikkun Chatzot:  (lit. “midnight service”); a prayer recited by pious Jews at midnight, lamenting the destruction of the Holy Temple 
Tikkun Leil Shavuot:  (lit. "service of the night of Shavuot"); the series of selections from the written and oral law read and studied during the night-long vigil observed on the first night of Shavuot  [2 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Shavuot » Tikkun Leil Shavuot
Tikkun Olam:  lit. repairing or fixing the world  [8 related articles] Concepts & Ideas » Tikkun Olam
Tikkunei Zohar:  (lit. “the songs of the Zohar"); a collection of mystical hymns, part of the collection of Zoharic literature  Torah, The » Torah Books » Kabbalistic Works » Zohar » Tikkunei Zohar
Tinokot Shenishbu:  (lit. “captive infants”); Jews who are unaware of Torah laws and values because they are victims of environmental duress, such as educational deprivation 
Tish:  (Yiddish, lit. “table”); i.e., the ceremonial Sabbath meal which a chassidic Rebbe conducts in the company of his chassidim 
Tisha B’Av (Fast):  (lit. "ninth of Av"); day of fasting and mourning on the ninth of Av commemorating the Destruction of the first and the second Holy Temples  [78 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tisha B’Av (Fast)
Tishrei 6:  Tishrei 6 is the yahrtzeit of Rebbetzin Chana Schneerson (1879-1964), mother of the Lubavitcher Rebbe.  [5 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tishrei 6
Tishrei, Month of:  Hebrew month corresponding to September-October; the High Holidays and Sukkot are celebrated during this month  [29 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Tishrei, Month of
Titus:  (c. 40-81 CE) Son of Vespasian, uncle of Onkelos, emperor of Rome from 79 to 81 CE. He went to Judea to help his father, who was then general of the Roman army, quell the Jewish rebellion there. When his father returned to Rome upon being appointed emperor, Titus completed the destruction begun by his father, burning the Temple and massacring and exiling the Jews. Upon returning to Rome, a gnat entered his nose and pecked at his brain for years, until Titus' death.  [4 related articles] People & Events » People » Second Temple Personalities » Titus
Tmimut:  earnestness, simplicity  [34 related articles] Concepts & Ideas » Tmimut
Tohu & Tikkun:  (Kabbalistic terms; lit. "chaos" and "rectification"); Kabbalah explains that at the beginning of creation, the world was in a spiritual condition called Tohu (chaos), an elevated realm of spiritual existence which lacked the balance and order that characterizes our frame of reference and which therefore “collapsed.” in an event called shevirat hakeilim – the breaking of the vessels, when the light departed from them. This “break” was planned by G-d in the first place, for it was a “destruction for the purpose of building,” since only then could there exist the orderly world we are familiar with, the world of tikkun ("rectification" or "order"). This world possesses lesser lights, but the vessels are plentiful. The sparks of holiness that “fell” when the vessels were broken are hidden within various parts of our world, and awaiting their “correction” through man’s Divine service  [37 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Kabbalah » Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Tohu & Tikkun
Toldot Yaakov Yosef:  the earliest record of the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov, written by his disciple R. Yaakov Yosef of Polnnoye  [1 related article] People & Events » People » Chassidic Personalities » Other Chassidic » Toldot Yaakov Yosef
Tomchei Temimim Lubavitch:  the yeshivah founded in Lubavitch in 1897 by the Rebbe Rashab; one of its subsequent offshoots  [18 related articles] Human Being, The » Mind, The Human » Education » Yeshivah » Tomchei Temimim Lubavitch
Torah Or:  (lit. “the Torah is Light”); a classic collection of chassidic discourses by the Alter Rebbe  [9 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Chassidic Works » Torah Or
Torah SheBichtav:  (lit. “the Written Torah”); Scripture 
Torah, The:  (lit. teaching) (a) The Five Books of Moses (The Bible); (b) the overall body of Jewish religious teachings encompassing the whole body of Jewish law, practice and tradition  [9101 related articles]
Torat Ha’Olah:  work on philosophy and Kabbalah by R. Moshe Isserles c. 1540-1573.  Torah, The » Torah Books » Kabbalistic Works » Torat Ha’Olah
Torat HaChassidut:  the philosophy and literature of Chassidut 
Tosafists:  Tosafists were medieval rabbis who wrote explanatory notes on the Talmud. Their commentaries are traditionally printed together with the text of the Talmud and are collectively called Tosafot ("supplements").  [4 related articles] People & Events » People » Post-Talmudic Sages » Rishonim » Tosafists
Tosafot:  (lit. “supplements”); classical commentaries on the Talmud, composed by the descendants and disciples of Rashi, which began to appear in the mid-twelfth century and are traditionally printed together with the text of the Talmud  Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Tosafot
Tosefta:  (Aramaic, “supplement”); a body of teachings authored during the same period as the Mishnah, but not included in that text; also a single teaching of this type  Torah, The » Torah Books » Tosefta
Tractate Avodah Zarah:  (lit. idolatry) Talmudic tractate that discusses all laws relating to idolatry as well as many laws regulating the interaction between Jews and non-Jews  [4 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Avodah Zarah
Tractate Bava Kamma:  Talmudic tractate that covers all sorts of tort laws—damages caused by person or property, theft and robbery  [9 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Bava Kamma
Tractate Bava Metziah:  (literally “the middle gate”) The second Talmudic tractate in the order of Nashim (the section dealing with laws of torts), which discusses civil matters such as property law, interest loans, and obligations in safeguarding entrusted property as well as lost property that was found  [7 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Bava Metziah
Tractate Beitzah:  Talmudic tractate that discusses the generic laws that apply to yom tov, Biblical holidays—which greatly differ from the Shabbat laws, as many food-preparation related activities that are forbidden on Shabbat are permitted on yom tov, as well as the more stringent laws of yom tov with regard to muktzeh--items "separated" from a person  [5 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Beitzah
Tractate Chagigah:  (lit. "festivity") Talmudic tractate that details the laws of the biblically mandated thrice-yearly pilgrimage to the Holy Temple—on Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot. The tractate also discusses at length the sacrifices offered on these occasions and the requisite ritual purification necessary to enter the Temple and partake of the sacrifices  [9 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Chagigah
Tractate Gittin:  Tractate of the Talmud that discusses the laws of the get, the biblically mandated bill of divorce  [7 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Gittin
Tractate Horayot:  One of the shortest tractates in the Talmud, which discusses the laws governing the various sacrifices brought by people who accidentally transgressed certain Torah prohibitions. The tractate begins with the laws of a High Court that issued an erroneous ruling permitting that which is really forbidden (hence the name Horayot, "rulings"  [7 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Horayot
Tractate Kesubot:  The second Talmudic tractate in the Order of Nashim, the section of the Talmud dealing with the laws of Jewish family life. The tractate is named for the marriage contract that states the husband's various obligations to his wife, especially financial compensation due to the wife in the event of the marriage's dissolution through divorce or widowhood. In general, the tractate deals with the various duties that a husband and wife have toward one another from the day of their betrothal  [7 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Kesubot
Tractate Kiddushin:  Tractate of the Talmud that discusses the laws of betrothal and marriage  [8 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Kiddushin
Tractate Makot:  Talmudic tractate that discusses the laws of perjured witnesses, the cities of refuge for inadvertent murderers, and finally the laws of corporal punishment administered by the courts—hence the name of the tractate: Makos, "lashes  [6 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Makot
Tractate Megilla:  Talmudic tractate that discusses the laws of the holiday of Purim, and specifically the laws pertaining to the Megillah (Scroll of Esther) and its reading on Purim. The latter part of the tractate elaborates on the laws of the public Torah readings in the synagogue, as well as many other synagogue and community related laws.  [6 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Megilla
Tractate Moed Katan:  (literally: the "small festival") Tractate of the Talmud that discusses the laws of Chol Hamoed, the "intermediate days" of the holidays of Sukkos and Pesach, when many work-related activities are restricted  [8 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Moed Katan
Tractate Nedarim:  Talmudic tractate devoted to the laws of vows—specifically when a person takes a vow rendering a specific object or act forbidden to him or her  [1 related article] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Nedarim
Tractate Niddah:  The Tractate Niddah, as its name indicates, clarifies the laws of the niddah (a woman in menstruation.) These laws are the basis for taharat mishpacha (family purity) and the regular use of the mikveh in Jewish married life.  [2 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Niddah
Tractate Pesachim:  Talmudic tractate dealing chiefly with the festival of Passover, its rituals and sacrificial service, and things forbidden during the festival  [5 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Pesachim
Tractate Rosh Hashanah:  Talmudic tractate that discusses the holiday of Rosh Hashanah as well as related calendar issues—such as the Sanhedrin's sanctification of each lunar month and their establishment of leap years  [5 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Rosh Hashanah
Tractate Sanhedrin:  Talmudic tractate that details the laws applicable to the hierarchal Jewish judicial system, as well as the various penalties – monetary, corporeal and capital – at its disposal  [9 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Sanhedrin
Tractate Semachot:  Simachot is the popular, though euphemistic name for the Talmudic tractate Avel Rabbati ("the Great Mourning"). It is widely called Simachot ("joyous occasions") due to the reluctance to refer to a tractate by a name with such negative connotation. Simachot is part of a series known as the Misechtot Kitanot ("small tractates"), tractates that include Tannaic teachings, but were not included by Rabbi Judah the Prince in the orders of the Mishnah. There is no Talmudic commentary on these tractates. (In the standard printed Talmud, these tractates can be found in the back of the volume that contains tractate Avodah Zarah.) Tractate Simachot discusses the laws that pertain to people on their deathbed, funerals, burials, and mourning.  [1 related article] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Semachot
Tractate Shabbat:  Talmudic tractate that is dedicated to all the laws of Shabbat—both the creative activities forbidden on the Day of Rest as well as its various associated obligations  [11 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Shabbat
Tractate Sotah:  Talmudic tractate that discusses the laws of a Sotah—married woman suspected by her husband – with strong circumstantial evidence – of infidelity. She is brought to the Temple and given to drink from the "bitter waters," and if she was indeed unfaithful, she miraculously dies  [11 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Sotah
Tractate Taanit:  (literally "fast day") Talmudic tractate that discusses the procedure for the communal fasts that courts would institute in the event of drought in the Land of Israel, as well as the laws for the annual public fast days, commemorating the destruction of Jerusalem  [5 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Taanit
Tractate Tamid:  tractate of the Mishnah which concerns itself with the daily service in the Temple and therefore concerns several particulars concerning the Temple’s structure  [16 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Tamid
Tractate Temurah:  Tractate Temurah is in the Order of Kodashim, the section of Mishnaic law dealing primarily with the sacrifices in the Temple. The main theme of Temurah is an elaboration of the law stated in Leviticus 27:10 regarding dedication of an animal for sacrifice. The word "temurah" literally means "exchange" and refers, in this context, to the prohibition against attempting to exchange an animal that has been sanctified for the Temple with another non-sanctified animal.  [1 related article] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Temurah
Tractate Yevamot:  Talmudic tractate that deals with the laws of yibbum (levirate marriage) and chalitzah (the ceremony which absolves a woman from yibbum[2 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Yevamot
Tractate Yoma:  lit. day of. Tractate of the Talmud which concerns itself with the sacrificial worship of Yom Kippur; accordingly, it serves as a source for much of our information concerning the structure of the Temple.  [2 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Yoma
Tractate Zevachim:  The first tractate in the Order of Kodashim. The entire order deals with the sacrificial service in the Holy Temple. Tractate Zevachim focuses specifically on the various types of animal offerings  [2 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Talmud, The » Talmudic Tractates » Tractate Zevachim
Treif:  (Yiddish) food forbidden by the Kashrut laws 
Tumah:  Ritual impurity  [26 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Tumah
Tur:  (lit. “Row”; full name: Arba’ah Turim, “the Four Rows”); a four volume codification of Jewish law, containing Halachic rulings of all Rishonim, compiled by R. Yaakov ben Asher (c. 1270-c. 1343); the Shulchan Aruch and many later codifications of Halachah follow the format of the Tur.  Torah, The » Torah Books » Halachic Works » Tur
Turei Zahav:  a major commentary on the Shulchan Aruch written by R. David HaLevi (1586-1667) in Poland  Torah, The » Torah Books » Halachic Works » Shulchan Aruch » Turei Zahav
Twelve Torah Passages:  n a campaign begun by the Lubavitcher Rebbe in 1976, children the world over have been urged to learn these 12 Torah verses and sayings of our sages by heart, with children leading each other in their recitation at youth events and gatherings. Many of Judaism's fundamentals are encompassed in these selections.  [9 related articles] People & Events » People » Chassidic Personalities » Chabad Personalities » Chabad Rebbes » The Lubavitcher Rebbe, R. Menachem Mendel Schneerson » Twelve Torah Passages
Twelve Tribal Leaders:  The leaders of the twelve tribes during the Israelites' travel through the desert. They served both as governors of their respective tribes and as "senators," performing communal functions.  [11 related articles] Human Being, The » Peoples, Nationalities & Cultures » Jewishness; Jewish Identity » Twelve Tribes of Israel, The » Twelve Tribal Leaders
Tyerer Tatte:  (Yiddish) dear father  Human Being, The » Faculties and Talents » Speech; Communication » Language » Phrases & Expressions » Tyerer Tatte
Tz’enah Ur’enah:  (lit. “go out and see [O daughters of Jerusalem]”); a text featuring passages from the Chumash and related excerpts from the Midrash, translated into Yiddish and arranged according to the weekly Parshah and the festivals; originally compiled and translated by R. Yaakov ben Yitzchak Ashkenazy (c. 1540-c. 1626), though the printed edition now used was extensively edited by a later (unknown) author; it has been studied by generations of pious Jewish women.  Torah, The » Torah Books » Midrash » Tz’enah Ur’enah
Tza'ar Ba'alei Chayim:  The prohibition to cause unnecessary pain or suffering any creature.  [3 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Tza'ar Ba'alei Chayim
Tzaddik of Jerusalem, The:  Rabbi Aryeh Levine, one of the foremost rabbinic leaders in Israel from the 1930’s to the 1960’s.  [3 related articles] People & Events » People » 20th Century Sages and Leaders » Tzaddik of Jerusalem, The
Tzaddik, Rasha & Beinoni:  (Lit.: "righteous," "intermediate" and "wicked"). These terms are used in the Talmud and the rabbinic writings to describe various levels of righteousness, piety and spiritual attainment. In his Tanya, Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi defines the rasha as one who succumbs to his animal self, the benoni as one who struggles with it, and the tzaddik as one who sublimates it and transforms it.  [132 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Chassidism » Concepts in Chassidic Philosophy » Tzaddik, Rasha & Beinoni
Tzaddik, The:  A wholly righteous person. In the context of Chabad lliterature, one who has conquered his animal impulses and is filled entirely with love and reverence for G-d.  [96 related articles] G-d and Man » Tzaddik, The
Tzadik:  the eighteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, prounounced "tz," with a numerical value of 90  [6 related articles] Human Being, The » Faculties and Talents » Speech; Communication » Language » Holy Tongue, the; Hebrew » Aleph-Beit, The » Tzadik
Tzafun:  (lit. "hidden") the twelfth step of the Passover seder--eating the afikoman which has been hidden away since the beginning of the seder.  [3 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Passover » Seder, the » 15 Steps of the Seder, the » Tzafun
Tzaraat ("Leprosy"):  A supra-natural bodily affliction (often mistranslated as leprosy).  [35 related articles] Human Being, The » Health, Illness and Healing » Illnesses & Medical Conditions » Tzaraat ("Leprosy")
Tzavta V'chibur ("cleaving and attachment"):  "cleaving and attachment"; the connection with G-d that is the effect of doing a mitzvah. In Chassidic teachings, the word mitzvah itself - which literally means "commandment" - is said to derive from this root word meaning "attachment."  [10 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Tzavta V'chibur ("cleaving and attachment")
Tzedakah:  (lit. "justice, righteousness"); charity  [348 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Chessed; Acts of Kindness » Tzedakah
Tzedakah Pushka:  (lit. box) (Yid.) Charity box.  [15 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Chessed; Acts of Kindness » Charity » Tzedakah Pushka
Tzeirei:  one of the Hebrew vowel signs  [1 related article] Human Being, The » Faculties and Talents » Speech; Communication » Language » Holy Tongue, the; Hebrew » Hebrew vowel signs » Tzeirei
Tzeit Hakochovim:  The time when three stars are visible in the sky and nightfall is complete. Earliest time for maariv (evening service) according to Rabbi Judah's rabbinic counterparts. Earliest time for reciting the evening Shema and Counting the Omer. A woman who has completed her cycle of seven pure days goes to the mikvah after this time  [1 related article] Calendar, The Jewish » Day, The » Halachic Times » Tzeit Hakochovim
Tzelofechad:  After he died in the desert, his daughters successfully petitioned to be awarded his portion in the Land of Canaan. Some say he was killed by the Amalekites and the Canaanites among those who -- after the Spies catastrophe -- attempted to go to Canaan on their own. Others say he was the wood gatherer[2 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Daughters of Zelophehad » Tzelofechad
Tzemach Tzedek:  Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch, third leader of Chabad-Lubavitch; (1789-1866); son-in-law and successor of R. Dovber of Lubavitch; known by the title of the collection of responsa which he authored, "Tzemach Tzedek."  [63 related articles] People & Events » People » Chassidic Personalities » Chabad Personalities » Chabad Rebbes » Tzemach Tzedek
Tzephaniah:  (c. 5th century BCE) A contemporary of Jeremiah, he prophesied shortly before the destruction of the first Holy Temple[2 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Kings and Prophets » The Prophets » Tzephaniah
Tzephaniah:  The book of Tanach containing Zephaniah's prophecies, foretelling the destruction of Jerusalem as well the Jews' eventual return from exile.  [1 related article] Torah, The » Tanach » Prophets (Section of the Tanach) » Tzephaniah
Tzimtzum:  (lit. "contraction"); the process of Divine self-contraction and self-limitation which makes possible the concept of limited, worldly existence  [128 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Kabbalah » Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Tzimtzum
Tziruf:  (lit. "the process of smelting ore"); an analogy for the spiritual task of refining the world 
Tzitz:  The tzitz, one of the eight articles worn by the High Priest, was a golden band worn on the forehead, which was engraved with the words "Holy to G d."  [3 related articles] G-d and Man » Holy Temple, The » Components of the Holy Temple » Priestly Garments (Bigdei Kehunah) » Tzitz
Tzitzit (Ritual Fringes):  (a) Fringed four-cornered garment. (b) The fringes of said garment.  [16 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Tallit and Tzitzit » Tzitzit (Ritual Fringes)
Tzivot Hashem:  “The army of G-d”; a Jewish children’s club established by the Lubavicher Rebbe in 1980  [10 related articles] Human Being, The » Mind, The Human » Education » Tzivot Hashem
Tziyun:  (lit. “marker”); in chassidic usage, the resting place of a tzaddik frequented by chassidim in prayer.  [37 related articles] People & Events » People » Chassidic Personalities » Chabad Personalities » Chabad Rebbes » The Lubavitcher Rebbe, R. Menachem Mendel Schneerson » Tziyun
Tzniut ("modesty" in dress & behavior):  modesty in dress and behavior  [76 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Tzniut ("modesty" in dress & behavior)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9