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Cain:  Son of Adam and Eve. A farmer, he slew his brother Abel after G-d accepted Abel's sacrifice and rejected his. According to tradition, he was killed by his great-great-great grandson, Lemech.  [8 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Cain
Caleb:  One of the twelve spies sent to Canaan to reconnoiter the land. He and Joshua were the only two spies who remained faithful to their mission and did not endorse the negative report conveyed by their colleagues. According to the Midrash, he was the husband of Miriam[9 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Caleb
Canaan:  the land which G-d promised to Abraham's descendants through his son Isaac and grandson Jacob. Later called the Land of Israel, at the time of G-d's promise it was inhabited by the descendants of Canaan, son of Ham and grandson of Noah, who took the land by force from the children of Shem.  [419 related articles] Physical World, The » Countries, Lands & Geographical Locations » Canaan
Canaan (son of Ham):  the fourth son of Ham and the grandson of Noah. After Ham discovered Noah naked in a drunken slumber and assaulted him, Noah cursed Ham's son Canaan that he and his descendants would be slaves to the children of Shem and Japeth.  [2 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Canaan (son of Ham)
Canaan, the Land of:  the land which G-d promised to Abraham's descendants through his son Isaac and grandson Jacob. Later called the Land of Israel, at the time of G-d's promise it was inhabited by the descendants of Canaan, son of Ham and grandson of Noah, who took the land by force from the children of Shem.  [419 related articles] Physical World, The » Countries, Lands & Geographical Locations » Canaan, the Land of
Cantonists, The:  Jews who, by decree of Czar Nicholas I, had been snatched from their families when they were young children for a 25-year term of military conscription.  [12 related articles] People & Events » History » Historical Periods & Events » Czarist Russia » Cantonists, The
Cantor:  One who leads the congregation in prayer  [2 related articles] G-d and Man » Prayer » Cantor
Caro, R. Joseph:  (Toledo, 1488 – Safed, 1575) Rabbi Joseph Caro is most famous as the author of the Shulchan Aruch, the Code of Jewish Law. Born in Toledo, Spain, during the Inquisition years, he fled from that country at the age of 4, eventually settling in Constantinople. In 1536, he made his way to Safed, in the Holy Land. His major works, the Beit Yosef and the Shulchan Aruch, are considered by Sephardic Jewry to be the ultimate authorities in halacha. He was also an accomplished and well known kabbalist.  [15 related articles] People & Events » People » Post-Talmudic Sages » Caro, R. Joseph
Cave of Machpelah:  The cave in Hebron, Israel, wherein are buried Adam, Eve, Abraham, Sara, Isaac, Rebecca, Jacob and Leah.  [27 related articles] Physical World, The » Countries, Lands & Geographical Locations » Israel, The Land of » Hebron » Cave of Machpelah
Chabad:  An acronym for Chochmoh, Binah, Da'at (wisdom, understanding and knowledge); the name of a chassidic movement – predicated on the concept of studying and understanding G-d and His relationship with the world – founded by Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi in White Russia in the latter part of the 18th century. This movement is also known as Lubavitch, or Chabad-Lubavitch.  [250 related articles] Human Being, The » Peoples, Nationalities & Cultures » Religions & other 'Ism's » Judaism » Jewish Movements & Organizations » Chabad
Chabad House:  an outreach center established by a Chabad-Lubavitch emissary  [13 related articles] Human Being, The » Peoples, Nationalities & Cultures » Religions & other 'Ism's » Judaism » Jewish Movements & Organizations » Chabad-Lubavitch » Chabad House
Chabad-Lubavitch:  A chassidic movement founded by Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi in the latter part of the 18th century that emphasizes the importance of "Chabad," an acronym for “Chochmoh, Binah, Da’at” (wisdom, understanding and knowledge); the concept of studying and understanding G-d and His relationship with the world. Lubavitch is the name of the townlet in the county of Mohilev, White Russia, which served as the center of the Chabad Chassidism for four generations.  [250 related articles] Human Being, The » Peoples, Nationalities & Cultures » Religions & other 'Ism's » Judaism » Jewish Movements & Organizations » Chabad-Lubavitch
Chabadnik:  (colloq.) adherent of Chabad 
Chabakkuk:  (6th century BCE) A contemporary of Joel and Nahum, he began prophesying during the reign of King Manasseh[4 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Kings and Prophets » The Prophets » Chabakkuk
Chabakkuk:  The book of Tanach containing Habakkuk's prophecies, foretelling the Chaldean victory over the Judeans, Chaldea’s ultimate downfall, and asserting G-d's justice.  [1 related article] Torah, The » Tanach » Prophets (Section of the Tanach) » Chabakkuk
Chadash:  Chadash ("new") -- Grain that took root before Passover and is Biblically forbidden to be eaten until the 16th of Nissan.  [4 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Chadash
Chafetz Chaim:  Rabbi Israel Meir Kagan, 1838-1933; important rabbinical figure of the European Jewish community before World War II; author of Chafetz Chaim (a work on the evils of slander), after which he is called, and the Mishnah Brurah (a codification of Jewish law); lived in Radin, Poland  [6 related articles] People & Events » People » 20th Century Sages and Leaders » Chafetz Chaim
Chag:  Festival. Usually a reference to one of the three biblical festivals: Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot[46 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Chag
Chag HaMatzot:  (lit. “festival of Matzot"); another name for the festival of Passover  [1193 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Chag HaMatzot
Chaggai:  The book of Tanach containing Haggai's prophecies, admonishing the Jews to build the Second Holy Temple[1 related article] Torah, The » Tanach » Prophets (Section of the Tanach) » Chaggai
Chaggai:  (4th century BCE) A contemporary of Zechariah and Malachi, the last of the prophets; member of the Great Assembly; urged the Jews to build the Second Temple People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Kings and Prophets » The Prophets » Chaggai
Chagigah:  (lit. "festival"); (a) festive offering, a sacrifice brought to the Temple on festivals; (b) a tractate of the Talmud dealing with such sacrifices 
Chaim:  life; also a common Jewish name 
Chakikah:  engraving 
Chalat:  (Yiddish) a dressing gown, esp. one in the style worn by chassidim 
Chalav Yisrael:  (lit., "Jewish milk"); a Torah-observant Jew must be present throughout the production of milk products, from milking through processing, to ensure that only milk from kosher animals is used  [3 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Chalav Yisrael
Chalavi:  Pertaining to milk and its by-products; a category of the kashrut laws. 
Chalitzah:  (lit. "taking off"); a ceremony whereby the widow of a childless husband is released by the brother of the deceased, thus permitting her to remarry somebody else.  [3 related articles] Human Being, The » Self & Fellow » Relationships » Marriage » Chalitzah
Challah:  (lit. "bread loaf"); a) a tithe of dough for the Kohen; (b) a braided loaf baked in honor of Shabbat  [64 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Shabbat » Shabbat Meals » Challah
Chalukat HaShas:  (lit. "division of the Six Orders of the Mishnah"); apportioning the tractates of the Talmud for yearly study 
Cham:  Son of Noah, survived the Flood together with his family by entering the Ark. Was cursed for his behavior during his father's drunken episode. Progenitor of Canaan.  [7 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Cham
Chametz:  Leavened products derived from wheat, barley, oat, spelt or rye. Chametz is forbidden throughout the holiday of Passover.  [136 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Passover » Chametz
Chamin:  Casserole-like dish prepared before the start of Shabbat and kept warm, usually for Shabbat lunch, developed to avoid the prohibitions against cooking on Shabbat  [11 related articles] Human Being, The » Body, The Human » Food; Eating » Shabbat Foods » Chamin
Chananiah:  (a) (c, 400 BCE) Exiled to Babylon together with Daniel, Mishael, and Azariah, where they were trained to be chamberlains in the royal court. Despite the personal risk involved, they refused to eat the royal non-kosher cuisine. They were later appointed to government positions. They were thrown into a furnace after refusing to bow to an idol erected by Nebuchadnezzar. Miraculously, they emerged unscathed, as described in the Book of Daniel. (b) A common Jewish name.  People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Post First Temple (Biblical Personalities) » Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah » Chananiah
Chananiah ben Akashia:  A Mishnaic sage.  [1 related article] People & Events » People » Mishnaic Sages » Chananiah ben Akashia
Chananiah ben Teradion:  (2nd century CE) Mishnaic sage, father of Rabbi Meir’s wife Beruriah. He directed a Torah academy in Siknin, and was renowned for his scrupulously honest administration of charity funds. He was one of the Ten Martyrs, wrapped in a Torah Scroll and burned alive by the Roman for publicly teaching Torah.  [4 related articles] People & Events » People » Mishnaic Sages » Chananiah ben Teradion
Chanina ben Dosa:  (1st century BCE) Mishnaic sage, resident of the Galilee, pupil of Johanan ben Zakkai, and renowned miracle worker. Known for his great piety. Suffered great poverty.  [7 related articles] People & Events » People » Mishnaic Sages » Chanina ben Dosa
Chanoch:  (a) (3138-2773 BCE) Son of Jared. A righteous man who “walked with G-d.” He ascended to heaven alive. (b) Son of Cain[3 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Chanoch
Chanukah (Hanukkah):  (lit. “rededication”); eight-day festival beginning on 25 Kislev, celebrating the Maccabees’ recapture of the second Temple from the Syrian Greeks, and its rededication, marked by the kindling of lights on a menorah or chanukiah  [1055 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Chanukah (Hanukkah)
Chanukah Gelt:  (Heb. Yiddish, lit. "Chanukah money"); Money gifts given on Chanukah  [15 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Chanukah (Hanukkah) » Chanukah Gelt
Chanukah Menorah:  The eight-branched menorah (candelabra) kindled on Chanukah commemorating the miracle of Chanukah.  [147 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Chanukah (Hanukkah) » Chanukah Menorah
Chanukat Habayit:  (lit. “dedication of the house”); housewarming 
Charan:  Former residence of Abraham’s family; where Jacob met and married his wives and lived for 20 years.  Physical World, The » Countries, Lands & Geographical Locations » Biblical Locations » Charan
Charoset:  (from the Hebrew "cheres-clay"); a paste similar to clay reminiscent of the clay the Jews used while enslaved in Egypt, made of apples, nuts and wine, into which the maror is dipped at the Passover seder  [6 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Passover » Seder, the » Seder Plate, The » Charoset
Chassid, The:  (lit. "pious"); (a) one who goes beyond the letter of the law (b) a member of the chassidic community; one who follows the ways of Chassidism and studies its teachings (c) an adherent and follower of a chassidic Rebbe  [20 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Chassidism » Chassid, The
Chassidism:  (a) The movement within Judaism founded by Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov (1698-1760), stressing service of G-d through the mystical in addition to the legalistic dimension of Judaism, the power of joy, love of G-d and one's fellow, emotional involvement in prayer, finding G-dliness in every aspect of one's existence, and the elevation of the material universe; (b) the teachings and philosophy of this movement; see also Chabad  [1580 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Chassidism
Chatam Sofer:  (1762-1839) Rabbi Moshe Schreiber (also known as Moshe Sofer), an oft-quoted halachist and Torah commentator most commonly known by his main work, Chatam Sofer, "Seal of the Scribe." The Chatam Sofer served as rabbi of Bratislava (Pressburg), Hungary, where he maintained a strong Orthodox Jewish community, established an influential yeshiva, and uncompromisingly opposed the Reform movement then sweeping the region.  [2 related articles] People & Events » People » Post-Talmudic Sages » Chatam Sofer
Chatan Bereishit:  The aliyah -- read on Simchat Torah -- that begins the annual cycle of Torah readings anew. The individual honored with this special aliyah is known as Chatan Bereishit (the "Genesis Groom").  [1 related article] Calendar, The Jewish » Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah » Simchat Torah » Chatan Bereishit
Chatan Torah:  The aliyah -- read on Simchat Torah -- that concludes the annual cycle of Torah reading. The individual honored with this special aliyah is known as Chatan Torah (the "Torah Groom").  [1 related article] Calendar, The Jewish » Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah » Simchat Torah » Chatan Torah
Chatan Torah & Chatan Bereishit:  The two aliyot -- read on Simchat Torah -- that conclude the annual cycle of Torah readings and begin it anew. The individuals honored with these two special aliyot are known as Chatan Torah (the "Torah Groom") and Chatan Bereishit (the "Genesis Groom").  [1 related article] Calendar, The Jewish » Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah » Simchat Torah » Chatan Torah & Chatan Bereishit
Chattan:  bridegroom  [1 related article] Human Being, The » Self & Fellow » Relationships » Marriage » Jewish Wedding, The » Chattan
Chatzi Kaddish:  half kaddish  [1 related article] G-d and Man » Prayer » Chatzi Kaddish
Chatzot:  (a) midnight; (b) the Tikkun Chatzot prayer recited at midnight, lamenting the destruction of the Temple; (c) midday.  Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Chatzot
Chatzot::  Midday; the halfway point between sunrise and sunset. Half-day fasts end at this time.  Calendar, The Jewish » Day, The » Halachic Times » Chatzot:
Chava:  First woman, mother of all mankind. Formed from her husband Adam's rib. Seduced by the Serpent to eat from the Tree of Knowledge[28 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Chava
Chavah:  First woman, mother of all mankind. Formed from her husband Adam's rib. Seduced by the Serpent to eat from the Tree of Knowledge[28 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Chavah
Chayah:  (lit. "living"); the fourth (in ascending order) of the five levels of the soul 
Chazakah:  (a) An act of property acquisition. (b) The halachic status of permanence that is established when an event repeats itself three times. (c) An entity’s assumptive state based on its nature or personal track record.  [2 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Chazakah
Chazan:  (lit. "cantor"); one who leads the congregation in prayer  [2 related articles] G-d and Man » Prayer » Chazan
Chazarah:  (lit. “repetition”); in the chassidic context, the oral repetition of a memorized discourse 
Chazarah:  (lit. “returning”);The rabbinic prohibition to return a pot to the fire on Shabbat (unless five specific conditions are met).  [3 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Shabbat » Prohibition of Work on Shabbat » Prohibition of Cooking on Shabbat » Chazarah
Chazarat Hashatz:  Repetition of the Amidah  [1 related article] G-d and Man » Prayer » Amidah, The » Chazarat Hashatz
Chazeret:  (lit. "bitter vegetable"); the vegetable used for maror (bitter herbs) at the Passover seder  Calendar, The Jewish » Passover » Seder, the » Seder Plate, The » Chazeret
Cheder:  (lit. "room"); Torah school for young children  [1 related article] Human Being, The » Mind, The Human » Education » Yeshivah » Cheder
Cheftza:  (lit. "object") Prohibitions or obligations may define the status of the "cheftza," the object or act in question, in contrast to those which mandate the behavior of the "gavra," the person.  [4 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Cheftza
Cheftza:  (Aramaic, lit. “entity”): a term used to imply that the relevant halachic obligations affect the object rather than the person involved (gavra)  Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Gavra and Cheftza ("Person" and "Object") » Cheftza
Cheirem:  (lit. "excommunication or dedication"); a ban of excommunication issued by the rabbinical authorities against an individual or group  Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Cheirem
Chesed (Benevolence; Love):  (lit. "kindness or grace"); used to refer to the Divine attribute (sefira) which parallels the abovementioned human qualities and thus is associated with the dispersion of G-dly light and energy to lower levels of existence.  [43 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Kabbalah » Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Sefirot, The (seven, ten) » Chesed (Benevolence; Love)
Cheshbon HaNefesh:  (lit. “an account of the soul”); a process of stocktaking and introspection with regard to one’s Divine service  [11 related articles] G-d and Man » Teshuvah ("Return"; Repentance) » Cheshbon HaNefesh
Cheshvan, Month of:  Hebrew month corresponding to October-November; also called MarCheshvan  [11 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Cheshvan, Month of
Chet:  the eighth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, prounounced as a guttural "ch," with a numerical value of 8  [7 related articles] Human Being, The » Faculties and Talents » Speech; Communication » Language » Holy Tongue, the; Hebrew » Aleph-Beit, The » Chet
Chevlei Moshiach:    [2 related articles] People & Events » Moshiach and the Future Redemption » Chevlei Moshiach
Chevra Kadisha:  (Aramaic, lit. “the holy society”): the society that attends to the ritual cleansing (taharah) and burial of the deceased and oversees the management of the community cemetery  [1 related article] Human Being, The » Life Cycles » Death » Taharah (Preparation for Burial) » Chevra Kadisha
Chibut HaKever:  (lit. "purgatory of the grave"); a punishment for certain sins 
Chidah:  Rabbi Chaim Yosef David Azulai (the "Chida") 5484-5566 (1724-1806 CE), prolific author of Talmudic and kabbalistic works, including the famous Shem haGedolim, a comprehensive guide to Torah ligature.  [1 related article] People & Events » People » Post-Talmudic Sages » Chidah
Chilul HaShem:  (lit. “profaning the Name [of G-d]”); an act that brings discredit or reflects badly on the Torah, Torah scholars, the Jewish religion, or the Jewish people  [3 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Chilul HaShem
Chinuch:    [399 related articles] Human Being, The » Mind, The Human » Chinuch
Chitat:  a daily study regimen instituted by Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn of Lubavitch which includes a portion of Chumash (Torah), Tehillim (Psalms) and Tanya (the fundamental book of Chassidut)  [10 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Study » Daily Study » Chitat
Chochmah:  (lit. "wisdom; conceptual knowledge"); in Kabbalistic-Chassidic terminology, refers to the first of the ten sefirot, or divine emanations and the first of the intellectual powers of the soul  [22 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Kabbalah » Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Sefirot, The (seven, ten) » Chochmah
Chochmot Chitzoniot:  (lit. "external wisdom"); science, or secular knowledge in contradistinction to Torah 
chok:  A mitzvah that transcends rational reason. Plural: chukim[19 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Edot, Chukim & Mishpatim » chok
Chol Hamoed:  (lit. “weekday during the festival”); the semi-festive intermediate days of Passover and Sukkot  [9 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Festivals, The » Chol Hamoed
Cholam:  one of the Hebrew vowel signs  [1 related article] Human Being, The » Faculties and Talents » Speech; Communication » Language » Holy Tongue, the; Hebrew » Hebrew vowel signs » Cholam
Cholent:  (possibly derivative of the French 'chaude-lent' hot-slow); casserole-like dish prepared before the start of Shabbat and kept warm, usually for Shabbat lunch, developed to avoid the prohibitions against cooking on Shabbat  [11 related articles] Human Being, The » Body, The Human » Food; Eating » Shabbat Foods » Cholent
Chomer:  (lit. "material"); the material, as opposed to the spiritual 
Choni Hameagel:  Mishnaic sage, lived through the Second Temple’s destruction. Known for his efficacious prayers. He is known as Honi the “Circle Maker” because he once ended a severe drought by drawing a circle in the earth and telling G-d that he would not leave the circle until it would rain.  [4 related articles] People & Events » People » Mishnaic Sages » Choni Hameagel
Choshen (the breastplate):  the breastplate worn by the High Priest containing twelve precious stones inscribed with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel  [6 related articles] G-d and Man » Holy Temple, The » Components of the Holy Temple » Priestly Garments (Bigdei Kehunah) » Choshen (the breastplate)
Choshen Mishpat:  (lit. “the breastplate of judgment”); the fourth section of the legal codes, the Tur and Shulchan Aruch, dealing with laws of judicial procedure, monetary affairs, real and personal property, property damages and personal injuries, etc.  [1 related article] Torah, The » Torah Books » Halachic Works » Shulchan Aruch » Choshen Mishpat
Chronicles, the Book of:  The (two-part) final book of Tanach, authored by Ezra, chronicling the events from Creation until the return of the Babylonian exiles to the Land of Israel[2 related articles] Torah, The » Tanach » Writings (Section of the Tanach) » Chronicles, the Book of
Chukim:  "Decrees." These are the mitzvot that transcend rational reason, unlike both mishpatim and edot. The quintessential chok (singular for chukim) is the mitzvah of the red heifer[19 related articles] Torah, The » Mitzvah; Mitzvot » Edot, Chukim & Mishpatim » Chukim
Chuldah:  A prophetess, descendant of Joshua and Rahab, contemporary of Zephaniah and Jeremiah. She was approached for guidance when Hilkiah the High Priest found a Torah scroll in the Holy Temple in 458 BCE.  [4 related articles] People & Events » People » Biblical Personalities » Kings and Prophets » The Prophets » Chuldah
Chumash:  The Pentateuch, the Five Books of Moses.  [3 related articles] Torah, The » Tanach » Chumash
Chupah:  (lit. "canopy"); (a) the canopy under which a wedding ceremony is solemnized; (b) the wedding ceremony  [61 related articles] Human Being, The » Self & Fellow » Relationships » Marriage » Jewish Wedding, The » Chupah
Chutzpah:  Insolence.  [9 related articles] Human Being, The » Psychology & Behavior » Chutzpah
Cities of Refuge (Arei Miklat):  In biblical times, six cities in the Land of Israel were designated as "cities of refuge." A person who accidentally killed someone found safe haven there from avenging relatives.  [18 related articles] Torah, The » Halachah (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Cities of Refuge (Arei Miklat)
Code of Jewish Law:  The "Shulchan Aruch", compiled by R. Joseph Karo (1488-1575 C. E.)  [11 related articles] Torah, The » Torah Books » Halachic Works » Code of Jewish Law
Copy Right:    [2 related articles] Human Being, The » Self & Fellow » Crime & Criminal Justice » Judiciary; Judges » Law; Jurisprudence » Copy Right
Cosmetics:    [1 related article] Human Being, The » Clothing » Cosmetics
Counting of the Omer:  The formal counting of the 49 days from the second day of Passover to the eve of Shavuot, signifying our preparation for the receiving of the Torah on the holiday of Shavuot.  [55 related articles] Calendar, The Jewish » Sefirat HaOmer period » Counting of the Omer
Creation, The World of:  (lit. “creation”); more specifically creation ex nihilo; in Kabbalistic terminology, the second of the four spiritual worlds, the realm of spiritual existence which represents the first beginnings of a consciousness of self  [26 related articles] Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Kabbalah » Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Four Worlds, The » Creation, The World of

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9