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Torah Reading for Bo

Torah Reading for Bo

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Parshat Bo
Shabbat, 8 Shevat, 5777
4 February, 2017
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Haftarah: (Jeremiah 46:13-28)
Please note: These Haftarah texts follow Chabad custom. Other communities could possibly read more, less, or a different section of the Prophets altogether. Please consult with your rabbi.
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Jeremiah Chapter 46

13The word that the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet, concerning the coming of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon to smite the land of Egypt.   יגהַדָּבָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֶּ֣ר יְהֹוָ֔ה אֶל־יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ הַנָּבִ֑יא לָב֗וֹא נְבֽוּכַדְרֶאצַּר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ בָּבֶ֔ל לְהַכּ֖וֹת אֶת־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם:
concerning the coming of Nebuchadnezzar: This was a second blow, [viz.] that Nebuchadnezzar laid Egypt waste in the twenty-seventh year of his reign (Ezek. 29:17), as we learned in Seder Olam (ch. 26).  
14Proclaim it in Egypt and let it be heard in Migdol, and let it be heard in Noph and in Tahpanhes, say, "Stand fast and prepare yourself, for the sword has devoured round about you."   ידהַגִּ֚ידוּ בְמִצְרַ֙יִם֙ וְהַשְׁמִ֣יעוּ בְמִגְדּ֔וֹל וְהַשְׁמִ֥יעוּ בְנֹ֖ף וּבְתַחְפַּנְחֵ֑ס אִמְר֗וּ הִתְיַצֵּב֙ וְהָכֵ֣ן לָ֔ךְ כִּֽי־אָֽכְלָ֥ה חֶ֖רֶב סְבִיבֶֽיךָ:
“Stand fast and prepare yourself”: for the war. והכן means “and prepare.”  
15Why have your mighty men been swept away? None of them stood, for the Lord pushed him down.   טומַדּ֖וּעַ נִסְחַ֣ף אַבִּירֶ֑יךָ לֹ֣א עָמַ֔ד כִּ֥י יְהֹוָ֖ה הֲדָפֽוֹ:
been swept away?: Heb. נסחף. Your mighty men have been swept away and have slid. Cf.“sweeping (סֹחֵף) rain” (Prov. 28:3);“His field has been inundated (נסתחפה)” (Kethuboth 1:6). Menahem (Machbereth p. 126) classified it as an expression of complete destruction, and so did he classify סחף מטר. Dunash, however, interprets מטר סחף like מטר סועף, cutting rain. Cf.“Lops off (מְסָעֵף) the branches with a saw” (Isa. 10:33).  
16He made many stumbling blocks, yea, they joined one another, and they said, "Arise, and let us return to our own people and to the land of our birth, before the oppressing sword."   טזהִרְבָּ֖ה כּוֹשֵׁ֑ל גַּם־נָפַ֞ל אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵ֗הוּ וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ ק֣וּמָה | וְנָשֻׁ֣בָה אֶל־עַמֵּ֗נוּ וְאֶל־אֶ֙רֶץ֙ מֽוֹלַדְתֵּ֔נוּ מִפְּנֵ֖י חֶ֥רֶב הַיּוֹנָֽה:
He made many stumbling blocks: The Holy One, blessed be He, Who pushed him down, made many stumbling blocks for him.  
yea, they joined: Heb. נפל [lit. fell]. They joined one another, saying, Arise and let us go back to our own people, whence we came to wage war.  
the oppressing sword: Heb. חרב. Jonathan renders: The sword of the enemy, which is like intoxicating wine. היונה. An expression of wine (יין). Another interpretation: It is an expression of oppression (אונאה).  
17There they called out, "Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who made a lot of noise, has allowed the appointed time to pass by!"   יזקָֽרְא֖וּ שָׁ֑ם פַּרְעֹ֚ה מֶֽלֶךְ־מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ שָׁא֔וֹן הֶֽעֱבִ֖יר הַמּוֹעֵֽד:
There they called out: In the battle, they proclaimed publicly a reproachful byword.  
“Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who made a lot of noise”: Who would raise the sound of his noise, the noises to boast with his armies.  
has allowed the appointed time to pass by: For he had appointed a set time to go forth and wage war, and he did not go forth, and the day of the appointed time passed by.  
18As long as I live, says the King, Whose name is the Lord of Hosts, that as sure as Tabor is among the mountains, and Carmel is by the sea, it shall come about.   יחחַי־אָ֙נִי֙ נְאֻם־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ יְהֹוָ֥ה צְבָא֖וֹת שְׁמ֑וֹ כִּי כְּתָב֣וֹר בֶּֽהָרִ֔ים וּכְכַרְמֶ֖ל בַּיָּ֥ם יָבֽוֹא:
that as sure as Tabor is among the mountains: Just as it is a true fact that Tabor is fast among the mountains and Mount Carmel is by the sea, so is it true that this thing shall come upon Egypt.  
19O you daughter who lives in Egypt, make for yourself equipment for exile, for Noph shall become waste and desolate without an inhabitant.   יטכְּלֵ֚י גוֹלָה֙ עֲשִׂ֣י לָ֔ךְ יוֹשֶׁ֖בֶת בַּת־מִצְרָ֑יִם כִּֽי־נֹף֙ לְשַׁמָּ֣ה תִֽהְיֶ֔ה וְנִצְּתָ֖ה מֵאֵ֥ין יוֹשֵֽׁב:
equipment for exile: When a person embarks on a journey, he prepares for himself a flask and an earthenware cup with which to drink.  
desolate: Heb. ונצחה, an expression of desolation (ציה).  
20Egypt was a fair heifer; destruction from the north is coming, yea it is coming!   כעֶגְלָ֥ה יְפֵֽה־פִיָּ֖ה מִצְרָ֑יִם קֶ֥רֶץ מִצָּפ֖וֹן בָּ֥א בָֽא:
a fair heifer: A beautiful kingdom.  
destruction: peoples that kill [acc. to Jonathan]. קֶרֶץ is an expression of cutting. Cf.“I… was cut (קֹרצתי) out of clay” (Job 33: 6).  
from the north: From Babylon.  
21Also her princes who are in her midst are like fattened calves, for they too turn around and flee together, they do not hold their ground, for the day of their calamity has come upon them, the time of their visitation.   כאגַּם־שְׂכִרֶ֚יהָ בְקִרְבָּהּ֙ כְּעֶגְלֵ֣י מַרְבֵּ֔ק כִּֽי־גַם־הֵ֧מָּה הִפְנ֛וּ נָ֥סוּ יַחְדָּ֖יו לֹ֣א עָמָ֑דוּ כִּ֣י י֥וֹם אֵידָ֛ם בָּ֥א עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם עֵ֥ת פְּקֻדָּתָֽם:
Also her princes: Heb. שְׂכִרֶיהָ, her princes. Cf.“with the great razor (הַשְׂכִירָה) ” (Isa. 7: 20).  
fattened: (kopla in O.F., couple in modern French).  
turn around: Turned their back to seek to flee.  
22Its voice shall go like [that of] the snake, for they will march with an army and will come against her with axes as if they were hewers of wood.   כבקוֹלָ֖הּ כַּנָּחָ֣שׁ יֵלֵ֑ךְ כִּֽי־בְחַ֣יִל יֵלֵ֔כוּ וּבְקַרְדֻּמּוֹת֙ בָּ֣אוּ לָ֔הּ כְּחֹֽטְבֵ֖י עֵצִֽים:
Its voice shall go like [that of] the snake: The “snake” comes to teach us about Egypt but ends by learning. For we learn from here that when the Holy One, blessed be He, said to the serpent, “You shall walk on your belly” (Gen. 3:14), He severed his feet, and his voice went to the end of the world. So we learned in the ‘Thirty-two Methods of Rabbi Eliezer the son of Rabbi Jose the Galilean’ (Method 12).  
for they will march with an army: against her.  
23They will cut down her forest, says the Lord, for they are innumerable, for they are more numerous than locusts and they are uncountable.   כגכָּֽרְת֚וּ יַעְרָהּ֙ נְאֻם־יְהֹוָ֔ה כִּ֖י לֹ֣א יֵֽחָקֵ֑ר כִּ֚י רַבּוּ֙ מֵֽאַרְבֶּ֔ה וְאֵ֥ין לָהֶ֖ם מִסְפָּֽר:
They will cut down her forest: They have power to cut down her forest.  
for they are innumerable: [lit. it shall not be fathomed, i.e.,] the number of their host.  
24The daughter of Egypt has been put to shame; she has been delivered into the hand[s] of the people of the north.   כדהֹבִ֖ישָׁה בַּת־מִצְרָ֑יִם נִתְּנָ֖ה בְּיַ֥ד עַם־צָפֽוֹן:
25The Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel has said: Lo I will visit upon Amon of No and upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt, and upon their gods and upon their kings, both upon Pharaoh and upon those who put their trust in him.   כהאָמַר֩ יְהֹוָ֨ה צְבָא֜וֹת אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל הִנְנִ֚י פוֹקֵד֙ אֶל־אָמ֣וֹן מִנֹּ֔א וְעַל־פַּרְעֹה֙ וְעַל־מִצְרַ֔יִם וְעַל־אֱלֹהֶ֖יהָ וְעַל־מְלָכֶ֑יהָ וְעַ֨ל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה וְעַ֥ל הַבֹּֽטְחִ֖ים בּֽוֹ:
upon Amon: Heb. אל אמון, [lit. to Amon,] upon Amon, upon the prince Amon. There are some that are an expression of greatness. Cf.“Are you greater than the greatness of No (מִנֹא אָמוֹן) ?” (Nahum 3:8).  
of No: The great Alexandria (les seigneurs d’Alexandria in O.F.).  
26And I will deliver them into the hand[s] of those who seek their lives and into the hand[s] of Nebuchadrezzar, king of Babylon, and into the hand[s] of his servants-and after that it will be inhabited again as in the days of old, says the Lord.   כווּנְתַתִּ֗ים בְּיַד֙ מְבַקְשֵׁ֣י נַפְשָׁ֔ם וּבְיַ֛ד נְבֽוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֥ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל וּבְיַד־עֲבָדָ֑יו וְאַֽחֲרֵי־כֵ֛ן תִּשְׁכֹּ֥ן כִּֽימֵי־קֶ֖דֶם נְאֻם־יְהֹוָֽה:
and after that: At the end of forty years, as Ezekiel stated (29:1 3ff.).  
27You fear not, O Jacob My servant, and be not dismayed, O Israel! for behold, I will redeem you from afar and your children from the land of their captivity, and Jacob shall return and be quiet and at ease, and there shall be none who disturb his rest.   כזוְ֠אַתָּה אַל־תִּירָ֞א עַבְדִּ֚י יַֽעֲקֹב֙ וְאַל־תֵּחַ֣ת יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל כִּ֠י הִֽנְנִ֚י מֽוֹשִֽׁעֲךָ֙ מֵֽרָח֔וֹק וְאֶת־זַרְעֲךָ֖ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ שִׁבְיָ֑ם וְשָׁ֧ב יַעֲק֛וֹב וְשָׁקַ֥ט וְשַֽׁאֲנַ֖ן וְאֵ֥ין מַֽחֲרִֽיד:
You fear not: The righteous men who were in Egypt, who were exiled there against their will.  
28You fear not, My servant Jacob, says the Lord, for I am with you, for I will make a full end of all the nations where I have driven you, but of you I will not make a full end, but I will chastise you justly, and I will not completely destroy you.   כחאַ֠תָּה אַל־תִּירָ֞א עַבְדִּ֚י יַֽעֲקֹב֙ נְאֻם־יְהֹוָ֔ה כִּ֥י אִתְּךָ֖ אָ֑נִי כִּי֩ אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֨ה כָלָ֜ה בְּכָל־הַגּוֹיִ֣ם | אֲשֶׁ֧ר הִדַּחְתִּ֣יךָ שָׁ֗מָּה וְאֹֽתְךָ֙ לֹֽא־אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֣ה כָלָ֔ה וְיִסַּרְתִּ֙יךָ֙ לַמִּשְׁפָּ֔ט וְנַקֵּ֖ה לֹ֥א אֲנַקֶּֽךָּ:
justly: With sparing justice, little by little.  
completely destroy: Heb. ונקה [lit. clean,] an expression of sweeping and destroying, and Jonathan too rendered it an expression of destroying.  
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