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Parshat Noach
Shabbat, 1 Cheshvan, 5778
21 October, 2017
Select a portion:
5th Portion: (Genesis 9:8-17)

Genesis Chapter 9

8And God said to Noah and to his sons with him, saying:   חוַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶל־נֹ֔חַ וְאֶל־בָּנָי֥ו אִתּ֖וֹ לֵאמֹֽר:
9"And I, behold I am setting up My covenant with you and with your seed after you.   טוַאֲנִ֕י הִֽנְנִ֥י מֵקִ֛ים אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֖י אִתְּכֶ֑ם וְאֶת־זַרְעֲכֶ֖ם אַֽחֲרֵיכֶֽם:
And I, behold I: Agree with you, for Noah was afraid to engage in propagation until the Holy One, blessed be He, promised him never to destroy the world again, and so He did. He ultimately said to him, “Behold I agree to make a confirmation and a strengthening of a covenant for My promise, and I will give you a sign.” - [from Tan. Buber, Noach 17]   ואני הנני: מסכים אני עמך, שהיה נח דואג לעסוק בפריה ורביה עד שהבטיחו הקדוש ברוך הוא שלא לשחת את העולם עוד, וכן עשה. ובאחרונה אמר לו הנני מסכים לעשות קיום וחזוק ברית להבטחתי, ואתן לך אות:
10And with every living creature that is with you, among the fowl, among the cattle, and among all the beasts of the earth with you, of all those who came out of the ark, of all the living creatures of the earth.   יוְאֵ֨ת כָּל־נֶ֤פֶשׁ הַֽחַיָּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתְּכֶ֔ם בָּע֧וֹף בַּבְּהֵמָ֛ה וּבְכָל־חַיַּ֥ת הָאָ֖רֶץ אִתְּכֶ֑ם מִכֹּל֙ יֹֽצְאֵ֣י הַתֵּבָ֔ה לְכֹ֖ל חַיַּ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ:
and among all the beasts of the earth with you: These are the ones that walk with people.   חית הארץ אתכם: הם המתהלכים עם הבריות:
of all those who came out of the ark: to include abominable creatures and creeping animals.   מכל יוצאי התבה: להביא שקצים ורמשים:
the living creatures of the earth: to include the demons, which are not included in“every living creature that is with you,” for they do not walk with human beings.   לכל חית הארץ: להביא המזיקין שאינן בכלל החיה אשר אתכם, שאין הילוכן עם הבריות:
11And I will establish My covenant with you, and never again will all flesh be cut off by the flood waters, and there will never again be a flood to destroy the earth."   יאוַֽהֲקִֽמֹתִ֤י אֶת־בְּרִיתִי֙ אִתְּכֶ֔ם וְלֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֧ת כָּל־בָּשָׂ֛ר ע֖וֹד מִמֵּ֣י הַמַּבּ֑וּל וְלֹא־יִֽהְיֶ֥ה ע֛וֹד מַבּ֖וּל לְשַׁחֵ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ:
And I will establish: I will make a confirmation for My covenant, and what is its confirmation? The rainbow, as it [Scripture] proceeds to conclude. [Note that the Oxford ms. and the Guadalajara ed. read: the sign of the rainbow. However, our edition coincides with other early editions.]   והקימותי: אעשה קיום לבריתי, ומהו קיומו, את הקשת כמו שמסיים והולך:
12And God said: "This is the sign of the covenant, which I am placing between Me and between you, and between every living soul that is with you, for everlasting generations.   יבוַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים זֹ֤את אֽוֹת־הַבְּרִית֙ אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִ֣י נֹתֵ֗ן בֵּינִי֙ וּבֵ֣ינֵיכֶ֔ם וּבֵ֛ין כָּל־נֶ֥פֶשׁ חַיָּ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתְּכֶ֑ם לְדֹרֹ֖ת עוֹלָֽם:
for everlasting generations: It [the word דֹרֹת] is written defectively [without the letter “vav”] because there were generations that did not require the sign because they were completely righteous, such as the generation of Hezekiah, the king of Judah, and the generation of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai (Gen. Rabbah 35:2).   לדרת עולם: נכתב חסר, שיש דורות שלא הוצרכו לאות לפי שצדיקים גמורים היו, כמו דורו של חזקיהו מלך יהודה, ודורו של רבי שמעון בן יוחאי:
13My rainbow I have placed in the cloud, and it shall be for a sign of a covenant between Myself and the earth.   יגאֶת־קַשְׁתִּ֕י נָתַ֖תִּי בֶּֽעָנָ֑ן וְהָֽיְתָה֙ לְא֣וֹת בְּרִ֔ית בֵּינִ֖י וּבֵ֥ין הָאָֽרֶץ:
14And it shall come to pass, when I cause clouds to come upon the earth, that the rainbow will appear in the cloud.   ידוְהָיָ֕ה בְּעַֽנְנִ֥י עָנָ֖ן עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וְנִרְאֲתָ֥ה הַקֶּ֖שֶׁת בֶּֽעָנָֽן:
when I cause clouds to come: when it comes to My mind to bring darkness and destruction to the world. — [from Gen. Rabbah 35:3]   בענני ענן: כשתעלה במחשבה לפני להביא חשך ואבדון לעולם:
15And I will remember My covenant, which is between Me and between you and between every living creature among all flesh, and the water will no longer become a flood to destroy all flesh.   טווְזָֽכַרְתִּ֣י אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֗י אֲשֶׁ֤ר בֵּינִי֙ וּבֵ֣ינֵיכֶ֔ם וּבֵ֛ין כָּל־נֶ֥פֶשׁ חַיָּ֖ה בְּכָל־בָּשָׂ֑ר וְלֹא־יִֽהְיֶ֨ה ע֤וֹד הַמַּ֨יִם֙ לְמַבּ֔וּל לְשַׁחֵ֖ת כָּל־בָּשָֽׂר:
16And the rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I will see it, to remember the everlasting covenant between God and between every living creature among all flesh, which is on the earth."   טזוְהָֽיְתָ֥ה הַקֶּ֖שֶׁת בֶּֽעָנָ֑ן וּרְאִיתִ֗יהָ לִזְכֹּר֙ בְּרִ֣ית עוֹלָ֔ם בֵּ֣ין אֱלֹהִ֔ים וּבֵין֙ כָּל־נֶ֣פֶשׁ חַיָּ֔ה בְּכָל־בָּשָׂ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ:
between God and between every living creature: Between the Standard of Justice of Heaven and between you, for it should have stated, “Between Me and every living creature!” But the following is its midrashic interpretation: When the standard of justice comes to accuse you (to condemn you), I will see the aforementioned sign. — [Gen. Rabbah 35:3] Other editions read: I will see the sign, and it will be remembered.   בין א-להים ובין כל נפש חיה: בין מדת הדין של מעלה וביניכם שהיה לו לכתוב וביני ובין כל נפש חיה. אלא זהו מדרשו כשתבא מדת הדין לקטרג עליכם (לחייב אתכם) אני רואה את האות ונזכר:
17And God said to Noah: "This is the sign of the covenant that I have set up, between Myself and between all flesh that is on the earth."   יזוַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶל־נֹ֑חַ זֹ֤את אֽוֹת־הַבְּרִית֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֲקִמֹ֔תִי בֵּינִ֕י וּבֵ֥ין כָּל־בָּשָׂ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ:
This is the sign of the covenant: He showed him [Noah] the bow and said to him, “Here is the sign of which I spoke.” [The expression, “This is,” always denotes that the object is being pointed out by the speaker. Cf. Rashi , Exod. 12:2, 30:13, Lev. 8:5, 11:2.]   זאת אות הברית: הראהו הקשת ואמר לו הרי האות שאמרתי:
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