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Torah Reading for Tzav

Torah Reading for Tzav

Leviticus 6:1-8:36

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Chapter 8

1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,   א. וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל משֶׁה לֵּאמֹר:
2. Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, and the anointing oil, and the sin offering bull, and the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread,   ב. קַח אֶת אַהֲרֹן וְאֶת בָּנָיו אִתּוֹ וְאֵת הַבְּגָדִים וְאֵת שֶׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה וְאֵת | פַּר הַחַטָּאת וְאֵת שְׁנֵי הָאֵילִים וְאֵת סַל הַמַּצּוֹת:
Take Aaron: This section was stated seven days before the erection of the Sanctuary, [and should have been stated earlier in Exod. Parashath Pekudei , which discusses the erection and consecration processes. [However], there is no [sequence of] earlier and later events in the Torah [i.e., Scripture does not always follow chronological order].   קח את אהרן: פרשה זו נאמרה שבעת ימים קודם הקמת המשכן, שאין מוקדם ומאוחר בתורה:
Take Aaron: Take him over with [persuasive] words and attract him. — [Torath Kohanim 8:165]   קח את אהרן: קחנו בדברים ומשכהו:
and the sin-offering bull [and the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread]: [Which sin-offering bull, two rams, etc?] These are the ones mentioned in the section dealing with the command of the investitures in [parashath] וְאַתָּה תְּצַוֶּה, (Exod. Chapter 29), and now, on the first day of the investitures, He came back and urged him [in the matter] at the time they were to be put into practice.   ואת פר החטאת וגו': אלו האמורים בענין צוואת המלואים בואתה תצוה, ועכשיו ביום ראשון למלואים חזר וזרזו בשעת מעשה:
3. And assemble the entire community at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.   ג. וְאֵת כָּל הָעֵדָה הַקְהֵל אֶל פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד:
Assemble [the entire community] at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting: This is one of the instances where a small [area] accommodated a large [number of people]. — [Lev. Rabbah 10:9]   הקהל אל פתח אהל מועד: זה אחד מן המקומות שהחזיק מועט את המרובה:
4. And Moses did as the Lord had commanded him, and the community assembled at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.   ד. וַיַּעַשׂ משֶׁה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֹתוֹ וַתִּקָּהֵל הָעֵדָה אֶל פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד:
5. And Moses said to the community: This is the thing the Lord has commanded to do.   ה. וַיֹּאמֶר משֶׁה אֶל הָעֵדָה זֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה לַעֲשׂוֹת:
This is the thing [the Lord has commanded to do]: [Moses said to Israel:] “The things you will see me doing before you, have all been commanded to me by the Holy One, blessed is He, that they be done; so do not say that I am doing them for my own honor or for my brother’s honor!” I have explained the entire passage involving the investitures in [parashath] וְאַתָּה תְּצַוֶּה (Exod. 29).   זה הדבר: דברים שתראו שאני עושה לפניכם צוני הקב"ה לעשות, ואל תאמרו לכבודי ולכבוד אחי אני עושה. כל הענין הזה פירשתי בואתה תצוה:
6. And Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward and bathed them in water.   ו. וַיַּקְרֵב משֶׁה אֶת אַהֲרֹן וְאֶת בָּנָיו וַיִּרְחַץ אֹתָם בַּמָּיִם:
7. And he placed the tunic upon him [Aaron], girded him with the sash, clothed him with the robe, placed the ephod upon him, girded him with the band of the ephod, and adorned him with it.   ז. וַיִּתֵּן עָלָיו אֶת הַכֻּתֹּנֶת וַיַּחְגֹּר אֹתוֹ בָּאַבְנֵט וַיַּלְבֵּשׁ אֹתוֹ אֶת הַמְּעִיל וַיִּתֵּן עָלָיו אֶת הָאֵפֹד וַיַּחְגֹּר אֹתוֹ בְּחֵשֶׁב הָאֵפֹד וַיֶּאְפֹּד לוֹ בּוֹ:
8. And he placed the choshen upon him, and he inserted into the choshen the Urim and the Tummim.   ח. וַיָּשֶׂם עָלָיו אֶת הַחשֶׁן וַיִּתֵּן אֶל הַחשֶׁן אֶת הָאוּרִים וְאֶת הַתֻּמִּים:
The Urim: An inscription bearing the explicit Name of God.   את האורים: כתב של שם המפורש:
9. And he placed the cap on his [Aaron's] head, and he placed on the cap, towards his face, the golden showplate, the holy crown, as the Lord had commanded Moses.   ט. וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת הַמִּצְנֶפֶת עַל רֹאשׁוֹ וַיָּשֶׂם עַל הַמִּצְנֶפֶת אֶל מוּל פָּנָיו אֵת צִיץ הַזָּהָב נֵזֶר הַקֹּדֶשׁ כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת משֶׁה:
and he placed on the cap: The sky-blue cords affixed to the showplate he placed over the cap. Thus the showplate was suspended on (עַל) the cap.   וישם על המצנפת: פתילי תכלת הקבועים בציץ נתן על המצנפת, נמצא הציץ תלוי במצנפת:
10. And Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the Sanctuary and everything in it and sanctified them.   י. וַיִּקַּח משֶׁה אֶת שֶׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה וַיִּמְשַׁח אֶת הַמִּשְׁכָּן וְאֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר בּוֹ וַיְקַדֵּשׁ אֹתָם:
11. And he sprinkled from it upon the altar seven times, and he anointed the altar and all its vessels and the washstand and its base, to sanctify them.   יא. וַיַּז מִמֶּנּוּ עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים וַיִּמְשַׁח אֶת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְאֶת כָּל כֵּלָיו וְאֶת הַכִּיֹּר וְאֶת כַּנּוֹ לְקַדְּשָׁם:
And he sprinkled from it upon the altar: I do not know where [in Scripture] he was commanded to perform these sprinklings.   ויז ממנו על המזבח: לא ידעתי היכן נצטוה בהזאות הללו:
12. And he poured some of the anointing oil upon Aaron's head, and he anointed him to sanctify him.   יב. וַיִּצֹק מִשֶּׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה עַל רֹאשׁ אַהֲרֹן וַיִּמְשַׁח אֹתוֹ לְקַדְּשׁוֹ:
And he poured…and anointed [him]: At first, he [Moses] poured [the oil] on his [Aaron’s] head, and afterwards, he placed it between his eyelids, and drew it with his finger, from one [eyelid] to the other. — [Ker. 5b]   ויצק, וימשח: בתחלה יוצק על ראשו, ואחר כך נותן בין ריסי עיניו ומושך באצבעו מזה לזה:
13. And Moses brought Aaron's sons forward and clothed them with tunics, girded them with sashes, and bound them up with high hats, as the Lord had commanded Moses.   יג. וַיַּקְרֵב משֶׁה אֶת בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן וַיַּלְבִּשֵׁם כֻּתֳּנֹת וַיַּחְגֹּר אֹתָם אַבְנֵט וַיַּחֲבשׁ לָהֶם מִגְבָּעוֹת כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת משֶׁה:
and bound them up: Heb. וַיַַַּחִבשׁ, an expression denoting binding.   ויחבש: לשון קשירה:
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