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Noach in a Nutshell

Noach in a Nutshell

Genesis 6:9–11:32


G‑d instructs Noah—the only righteous man in a world consumed by violence and corruption—to build a large wooden teivah (“ark”), coated within and without with pitch. A great deluge, says G‑d, will wipe out all life from the face of the earth; but the ark will float upon the water, sheltering Noah and his family, and two members (male and female) of each animal species.

Rain falls for 40 days and nights, and the waters churn for 150 days more before calming and beginning to recede. The ark settles on Mount Ararat, and from its window Noah dispatches a raven, and then a series of doves, “to see if the waters were abated from the face of the earth.” When the ground dries completely—exactly one solar year (365 days) after the onset of the Flood—G‑d commands Noah to exit the teivah and repopulate the earth.

Noah builds an altar and offers sacrifices to G‑d. G‑d swears never again to destroy all of mankind because of their deeds, and sets the rainbow as a testimony of His new covenant with man. G‑d also commands Noah regarding the sacredness of life: murder is deemed a capital offense, and while man is permitted to eat the meat of animals, he is forbidden to eat flesh or blood taken from a living animal.

Noah plants a vineyard and becomes drunk on its produce. Two of Noah’s sons, Shem and Japheth, are blessed for covering up their father’s nakedness, while his third son, Ham, is punished for taking advantage of his debasement.

The descendants of Noah remain a single people, with a single language and culture, for ten generations. Then they defy their Creator by building a great tower to symbolize their own invincibility; G‑d confuses their language so that “one does not comprehend the tongue of the other,” causing them to abandon their project and disperse across the face of the earth, splitting into seventy nations.

The Parshah of Noach concludes with a chronology of the ten generations from Noah to Abram (later Abraham), and the latter’s journey from his birthplace of Ur Casdim to Charan, on the way to the land of Canaan.

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Discussion (23)
November 7, 2016
Re: Vayigva
See the commentaries of Rabbi Dovid Kimchi - Radak and Rabbi Abraham ibn Ezra (on Genesis 7:21 and 25:8) that the word "Vayigva" denotes a quick death without any long process. It would seem that the term 'Vayigva' is a specific type of death and would not apply to anyone whose death took a while or whose death was unique in a different way (such as Aaron and Moses).
Yehuda Shurpin for
November 3, 2016
I'm not altogether sure, but it may be that gathered unto his people means that he died .(I don't know which verse you're talking about, so it's a guess) and I also noted that Genesis, in whose time period that all the people that you said were referred to as vayigva lived, was written by a different author than Exodus, and post-Exodus. Hebrew, like most languages evolves as time goes on. It could be that after Genesis, that word changed, just like so many other words in the Hebrew language. That may be why Everyone Post-Exodus was not referred to the same. I think it's a language problem, but I'm no Einstein :) Hope this helps
Joshua Elias
Atlanta GA
November 2, 2016
The word Vayigva is used for the bad people who died in the flood. It is also used for the death of 4 tzadikim, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob. Vayigva is translated as "expired" "took his last breath". The next next sentence starts with the word Vayiasef. translated as "gathered unto his people" meaning he did not suffer. Vayiasef is not used for those who perished in the flood, and they suffered.
Question: Why was Vayigva not used with the death of Moses, Aaron, Josef, Joshua, David or Solomon?
David Kolnick
Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
May 12, 2016
to "anonymus"
It means coated inside and out with pitch, which is i think a type of waterproof substance?
Joshua Elias
Kansas City, KS
November 8, 2015
What does "coated within and without with pitch" means? Thanks
October 11, 2015
Noah´s language
It seems to me that Noah spoke Hebrew and that was the language that was split into 70 dialects at the Tower of Babel.
Douglas E. Hall
Fuengirola, Spain
October 24, 2014
yochannan technology is out of control
What do you think? The Japan Tsunami was a test run of that technology,

Peace that we are all prepared for the ascension!
Janice L Lewis Trinchi
October 24, 2014
Do you know if they have located the remainants of Noahs ark?
Janice L Lewis Trinchi
October 21, 2014
Very informative
Joseph Lawal
October 20, 2014
G-d Promised not to flood the world again by water.

we have now the flood of technology, this will destroy humanity, it is now out of control. humans cannot control it anymore. Why not, because technology is now creating itself without human intervention.

Professors at the famous Oxford University in england have issued a warning to the world govts that technology is now out of control and that whilst humanity had survived all disasters it will not survive the flood of technology.

See bbc news article on Oxford University warning about technology and the extinction of humanity.

There is a teacher on Chabad who has a video on this subject.