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Devarim in a Nutshell

Devarim in a Nutshell

Deuteronomy 1:1–3:22

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On the first of Shevat (thirty-seven days before his passing), Moses begins his repetition of the Torah to the assembled children of Israel, reviewing the events that occurred and the laws that were given in the course of their forty-year journey from Egypt to Sinai to the Promised Land, rebuking the people for their failings and iniquities, and enjoining them to keep the Torah and observe its commandments in the land that G‑d is giving them as an eternal heritage, into which they shall cross after his death.

Moses recalls his appointment of judges and magistrates to ease his burden of meting out justice to the people and teaching them the word of G‑d; the journey from Sinai through the great and fearsome desert; the sending of the spies and the people’s subsequent spurning of the Promised Land, so that G‑d decreed that the entire generation of the Exodus would die out in the desert. “Also against me,” says Moses, “was G‑d angry for your sake, saying: You, too, shall not go in there.”

Moses also recounts some more recent events: the refusal of the nations of Moab and Ammon to allow the Israelites to pass through their countries; the wars against the Emorite kings Sichon and Og, and the settlement of their lands by the tribes of Reuben and Gad and part of the tribe of Manasseh; and Moses’ message to his successor, Joshua, who will take the people into the Land and lead them in the battles for its conquest: “Fear them not, for the L‑rd your G‑d, He shall fight for you.”

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Binyamin W July 23, 2017

Very clear and easy to understand thank you for an invaluable resource! Reply

Helen Dudden uk July 25, 2015

I like the way its easy to understand. Trying to work through understanding more for my conversion. Reply

Dan jimenez Delray beach florida July 21, 2015

Thanks chabad.org you are my source of Jewish education when anytime I need Reply

Anonymous Tamarac FL July 21, 2015

Nice way to learn about the Parsha. Only thing is I wish you guys used the Hebrew name of the people in the Parsha.
Thanks Chabad.org! Reply

Even Yisroel Teitler Tamarac FL July 16, 2015

Nice page A nice easy way to understand the Parsha. Thanks Chabad.org! Reply

Bruce Devitt August 1, 2014

MOSES Did the Lord God appoint the" judges" or did it just appear to be a good thing that Moses' Father in Law was doing?! Reply

B Rankey July 31, 2014

todah I love learning everything you share. Reply

Anonymous Ep July 13, 2013

Whats do the 5 books mean? Bereshit (In the Beginning) [God gave] Shemot (Names) and He called (Vayikra) Bamidbar (In the wilderness) His Devarim (Word(s)) Reply

YAACOV TOpeka July 26, 2017
in response to Anonymous:

?was this written with no Greek spacing and numbering? I want original. Reply

mehuman July 13, 2013

dalet, bet, resh ,= devar is a prim root "to arrange" but used figuratively (of words) to speak. from this comes the meaning "word" the 'im is a plural therefore you have "words" this is the actual meaning of the word devarim. in Hebrew paleo the dalet is a doorway or tent flap, the bet is a foundation or a floor plan of a house, and the resh is the side of a mans head. this can be interpreted as a path to a family or house that is a beginning. this is what words do they establish a means of a beginning with another person. Reply

Eliyahu ben Shira Brooklyn July 12, 2013

Devarim is a plural word. The root is Davar which means, word, speech, or thing. So "devarim" means words, speech, or things. I agree with Yirmiyahu Ben Azriel that words is the best translation in this context.

Devarim is not the Hebrew word for Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy is Greek for "second law." The non-Jewish names for the five books of Moses have nothing to do with the Hebrew names. They are titles based on the general content of those books. Deuteronomy, for instance, is called "second law" because Moses re-enumerates the laws of the Torah. Reply

Yirmiyahu Ben Azriel July 12, 2013

Seeing as the Hebrew names for the 5 books all come from a word in the first sentence of the book, I would say that actually Dvarim in this context means 'words' and not 'things'. The first line of the book is "These are the words which Moses spoke unto all Israel".

So here are the meanings of the Hebrew names of the 5 books -

Genesis - Bereishit - In the Beginning
Exodus - Shmot - Names
Leviticus - Vayikra - And G-d called
Numbers - Bamidbar - The Wilderness (or the desert)
Deuteronomy - Dvarim - Words Reply

Bruce M.M Devitt July 10, 2013

Devarim in a nutshell As you bring into the discussion of Moses appointing Judges in Deuteronomy , we must be directed to Exodus 18 and remember that this was advice from his Father in law (not a priest of the Lord God ) These things are not noted to be given directly by the voice of the Lord God. But we are given many problems that are revealed and explained, as it would concern the peoples voices.This requires much more attention. Reply

Anonymous July 8, 2013

"Things" Reply

Michael July 7, 2013

Devarim Dvar = word, Dvarim = words Reply

Anonymous July 7, 2013

in reply to david v. David, Devarim is the Hebrew word for Deuteronomy. Reply

david v. florida June 24, 2013

what does "Devarim" actually mean? Reply

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