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Terumah in a Nutshell

Terumah in a Nutshell

Exodus 25:1–27:19

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The people of Israel are called upon to contribute thirteen materials—gold, silver and copper; blue-, purple- and red-dyed wool; flax, goat hair, animal skins, wood, olive oil, spices and gems—out of which, G‑d says to Moses, “They shall make for Me a Sanctuary, and I shall dwell amidst them.”

On the summit of Mount Sinai, Moses is given detailed instructions on how to construct this dwelling for G‑d so that it could be readily dismantled, transported and reassembled as the people journeyed in the desert.

In the Sanctuary’s inner chamber, behind an artistically woven curtain, was the ark containing the tablets of testimony engraved with the Ten Commandments; on the ark’s cover stood two winged cherubim hammered out of pure gold. In the outer chamber stood the seven-branched menorah, and the table upon which the “showbread” was arranged.

The Sanctuary’s three walls were fitted together from 48 upright wooden boards, each of which was overlaid with gold and held up by a pair of silver foundation sockets. The roof was formed of three layers of coverings: (a) tapestries of multicolored wool and linen; (b) a covering made of goat hair; (c) a covering of ram and tachash skins. Across the front of the Sanctuary was an embroidered screen held up by five posts.

Surrounding the Sanctuary and the copper-plated altar which fronted it was an enclosure of linen hangings, supported by 60 wooden posts with silver hooks and trimmings, and reinforced by copper stakes.

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Chabad.org Staff March 2, 2017

To Rivkah In the Parshah in Depth, you can view illustrations of the Mishkan and its components. There are also wonderful print publications, you can look them up in online or local Jewish bookstores. One I've used is called the Tabernacle. Reply

Rivkah Bergman Tiberias, Israel March 1, 2017

I would like to see pictures or illustrations of the ark and sanctuary? Reply

Pamela Oahu February 27, 2017

A Nice Surprise!!! One day I had a very difficult time connecting with this Parsha. I thought just pick a place and try to really understand what is being talked about. I wanted to understand the size of this traveling temple and so did the math of the cubits for the length and width of the property. What I discovered was amazing, it was exactly the dimensions and size of my very own property, 11,250 sq ft! I work in Real Estate in Hawaii where land is very valuable, being a tropical island but now my property has a whole lot more value to me:)

Also it is very rare to find lots of this size but someone must have been reading this parsha, and wanted to develop an area where it exists the same way.

A 10,000 sq ft lot is common a 5,000 sq ft lot is common but 11,250 not so commong. Reply

Anonymous Manhattan Beach, CA February 1, 2014

Personal Observation I know the instructions for the Terumah are literal, in referring to the construction of the holy Sanctuary to be set for traveling. However, I see a metaphor here that may be true, or may be false. I see the Terumah to be a metaphor in how the Jews are supposed to treat themselves. I think that perhaps it is in the Terumah that the Jews are not supposed to get tattoos since the Jews are a traveling people meant to worship G-d. Not only is the holy Sanctuary G-d's place to practice worship, but the Jews themselves are a place, in their body, to practice worship daily. G-d not only gives specific instructions on how to decorate the holy Sanctuary as a place of worship, but G-d also gives the Jews specific instructions how to make their bodies a place to constantly practice worship. I am aware that some Jews may disagree with the metaphor and only believe in the literal interpretation; however, my interpretation is of the metaphor and literal meaning in the Terumah. Reply

Alex Scott Memphis, TN February 1, 2014

Zohar How could Terumah even begin to be written into a nutshell. The Zohar has 575 pages of commentary on this amazing portion. Reply

Sue Woods Crivitz January 29, 2014

Goat hair I am wondering how the covering was made with the goat hair. I guess I am curious because I have goats. Reply

Rochel Chein for chabad.org February 21, 2013

Wool and linen A mixture of wool and linen - shatnez - is prohibited in clothing, and rabbinically in curtains as well, since one may come to wrap themselves in the curtain for warmth.

Interestingly, some suggest that the prohibition against shatnez stems from the fact that the curtains in the Sanctuary and the clothing of the priests contained both wool and linen. These are sacred, and we are not permitted to imitate them.

Ultimately, we observe these laws, as we do all mitzvot, because G-d commands us to do so. The same Torah that instructs us not to wear shatnez, instructs us to use both wool and linen for specific holy purposes. Reply

Anonymous Roanoke, Virginia February 16, 2013

This week's portion mentions on a number of occasions that wool and linen were to
used for various purposes in constructing the tabernacle. Doesn't that constitute
"shatness", the forbidden mixing of different species? In this case, animal and
vegetable. Reply

Anonymous Largo, FL February 15, 2013

Building a Temple It must be an exciting time - when a group decides a new temple's construction will happen! But what if ... you are young, and when you attend worship service...the physical building is beautiful...but the youth there appears to be missing (age 20-50) It looked as though 95% were 65 yo-89 yo, there were maybe 40 people altogether

And it seems as though every day life in the area is reflecting it, that most youth want to party. How can you rebuild a temple from within...by making the youth excited to be there?

What if your marriages suffered - because your spouse(s) were not interested in that value system?

What is a good question to revive it? Reply

Anonymous February 11, 2013

Wings of Cherubim The Cherubim are discussed in the Talmud and in the commentaries.
There were Two Cherubim each standing at the two edges of the Ark, facing each other, the width of the Ark between them. Their faces resembled those of children. They each had two wings, which were spread out directly alongside their heads, covering over most of the Ark's cover. There were ten handbreadths between the cover of the Ark and the wings. Reply

George Middleburg, FL/USA February 23, 2012

silver sockets Ever did the math concerning the thickness of the silver sockets and how and why they were even included? Reply

John Nocera Calhoun, LA February 22, 2012

What a sermon! Wow, G-d gives us the tools and we work together. Success is assured. The only question is..........Are we ready to work hard? Reply

Anonymous Fort Lauderdale, FL February 21, 2012

I think the implication is referencing that there were 2 cherubim that happened to have wings (i.e. they were winged), not that there were cherubim with 2 wings. Hope that clarifies the issue. Reply

Gershon Wichita, KS February 9, 2011

Hey Misha The exact wing style of the cherubs of the tabernacle are not described in the Torah, except that they were extended upward. We have later descriptions of Solomon's cherubs, messianic cherubs, and cherubs in visions--but none of Moses cherubs. So why not assume that they just had two wings. Reply

Misha miami, florida February 5, 2011

cherubim I was wondering why it says the two winged cherubim, when they were said to have four wings? Reply