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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 6

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 6

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 6

1. And Jericho had shut its gates and was barred because of the children of Israel; none went out and none came in.   א. וִירִיחוֹ סֹגֶרֶת וּמְסֻגֶּרֶת מִפְּנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֵין יוֹצֵא וְאֵין בָּא:
had shut its gates and was barred: according to Targum , closed with iron gates and reinforced with copper bolts.  
2. And the Lord said to Joshua, See, I have given into your hand Jericho and its king, the mighty warriors.   ב. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל יְהוֹשֻׁעַ רְאֵה נָתַתִּי בְיָדְךָ אֶת יְרִיחוֹ וְאֶת מַלְכָּהּ גִּבּוֹרֵי הֶחָיִל:
3. And you shall circle the city, all the men of war, go round about the city once. Thus shall you do six days.   ג. וְסַבֹּתֶם אֶת הָעִיר כֹּל אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה הַקֵּיף אֶת הָעִיר פַּעַם אֶחָת כֹּה תַעֲשֶֹה שֵׁשֶׁת יָמִים:
4. And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark; and on the seventh day you shall encircle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.   ד. וְשִׁבְעָה כֹהֲנִים יִשְׂאוּ שִׁבְעָה שׁוֹפְרוֹת הַיּוֹבְלִים לִפְנֵי הָאָרוֹן וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי תָּסֹבּוּ אֶת הָעִיר שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים וְהַכֹּהֲנִים יִתְקְעוּ בַּשּׁוֹפָרוֹת:
rams’ horns: Heb. הַיּוֹבְלִים.  
5. And it shall be that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, when you hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down in its place and the people shall go up, every man opposite him.   ה. וְהָיָה בִּמְשֹׁךְ | בְּקֶרֶן הַיּוֹבֵל כְּשָׁמְעֲכֶם אֶת קוֹל הַשּׁוֹפָר יָרִיעוּ כָל הָעָם תְּרוּעָה גְדוֹלָה וְנָפְלָה חוֹמַת הָעִיר תַּחְתֶּיהָ וְעָלוּ הָעָם אִישׁ נֶגְדּוֹ:
a long blast: with the final blast, when the blower lengthens the note.  
in its place: Heb. תַּחְתֶּיהָ [lit.,] under it.  
6. And Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and said to them, Take up the Ark of the Covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark of the Lord.   ו. וַיִּקְרָא יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בִּן נוּן אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם שְׂאוּ אֶת אֲרוֹן הַבְּרִית וְשִׁבְעָה כֹהֲנִים יִשְׂאוּ שִׁבְעָה שׁוֹפְרוֹת יוֹבְלִים לִפְנֵי אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה:
7. And he said to the people, Pass on, and encircle the city, and let the armed ones pass before the Ark of the Lord.   ז. וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל הָעָם עִבְרוּ וְסֹבּוּ אֶת הָעִיר וְהֶחָלוּץ יַעֲבֹר לִפְנֵי אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה:
8. And it was when Joshua spoke to the people, and the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns passed on before (the Ark of) the Lord and blew with the trumpets; and the Ark of the covenant of the Lord followed them.   ח. וַיְהִי כֶּאֱמֹר יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אֶל הָעָם וְשִׁבְעָה הַכֹּהֲנִים נֹשְׂאִים שִׁבְעָה שׁוֹפְרוֹת הַיּוֹבְלִים לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה עָבְרוּ וְתָקְעוּ בַּשּׁוֹפָרוֹת וַאֲרוֹן בְּרִית יְהֹוָה הֹלֵךְ אַחֲרֵיהֶם:
9. And the armed men went before the priests that blew the trumpets, and the rear guard came after the Ark, (the priests) going on, and blowing with the trumpets.   ט. וְהֶחָלוּץ הֹלֵךְ לִפְנֵי הַכֹּהֲנִים תֹּקְעֵי הַשּׁוֹפָרוֹת וְהַמְאַסֵּף הֹלֵךְ אַחֲרֵי הָאָרוֹן הָלוֹךְ וְתָקוֹעַ בַּשּׁוֹפָרוֹת:
And the armed ones: The children of Reuben and the children of Gad were passing before them, because the children of Gad were mighty warriors and would strike with a strong arm, as it is said: “And he tears the arms, even the crown of the head.”  
10. And Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout nor let your voice be heard, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then you shall shout.   י. וְאֶת הָעָם צִוָּה יְהוֹשֻׁעַ לֵאמֹר לֹא תָרִיעוּ וְלֹא תַשְׁמִיעוּ אֶת קוֹלְכֶם וְלֹא יֵצֵא מִפִּיכֶם דָּבָר עַד יוֹם אָמְרִי אֲלֵיכֶם הָרִיעוּ וַהֲרִיעֹתֶם:
11. And he caused the Ark of the Lord to circle the city, going about it once; and they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.   יא. וַיַּסֵּב אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה אֶת הָעִיר הַקֵּף פַּעַם אֶחָת וַיָּבֹאוּ הַמַּחֲנֶה וַיָּלִינוּ בַּמַּחֲנֶה:
12. And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the Ark of the Lord.   יב. וַיַּשְׁכֵּם יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בַּבֹּקֶר וַיִּשְׂאוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים אֶת אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה:
13. And the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark of the Lord were going continuously, and they blew with the trumpets; and the armed men went before them; and the rear guard came after the Ark of the Lord, (the priests) going on and blowing with the trumpets.   יג. וְשִׁבְעָה הַכֹּהֲנִים נֹשְׂאִים שִׁבְעָה שׁוֹפְרוֹת הַיֹּבְלִים לִפְנֵי אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה הֹלְכִים הָלוֹךְ וְתָקְעוּ בַּשּׁוֹפָרוֹת וְהֶחָלוּץ הֹלֵךְ לִפְנֵיהֶם וְהַמְאַסֵּף הֹלֵךְ אַחֲרֵי אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה הָלוֹךְ וְתָקוֹעַ בַּשּׁוֹפָרוֹת:
and the rear guard: the tribe of Dan that traveled last, and they would gather up all those who lingered behind.  
14. And the second day they circled the city once, and returned to the camp; so they did six days.   יד. וַיָּסֹבּוּ אֶת הָעִיר בַּיּוֹם הַשֵּׁנִי פַּעַם אַחַת וַיָּשֻׁבוּ הַמַּחֲנֶה כֹּה עָשֹוּ שֵׁשֶׁת יָמִים:
15. And it was on the seventh day, that they rose early at the dawning (of the day), and they circled the city after the same manner seven times; only on that day they circled the city seven times.   טו. וַיְהִי | בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי וַיַּשְׁכִּמוּ כַּעֲלוֹת הַשַּׁחַר וַיָּסֹבּוּ אֶת הָעִיר כַּמִּשְׁפָּט הַזֶּה שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים רַק בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא סָבְבוּ אֶת הָעִיר שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים:
on the seventh day: It was the Sabbath.  
16. And it was at the seventh time, the priests blew with the trumpets, and Joshua said to the people, Shout, for the Lord has given you the city.   טז. וַיְהִי בַּפַּעַם הַשְּׁבִיעִית תָּקְעוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים בַּשּׁוֹפָרוֹת וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אֶל הָעָם הָרִיעוּ כִּי נָתַן יְהֹוָה לָכֶם אֶת הָעִיר:
17. And the city shall be devoted; it, and all that is in it, to the Lord; only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that is with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.   יז. וְהָיְתָה הָעִיר חֵרֶם הִיא וְכָל אֲשֶׁר בָּהּ לַיהֹוָה רַק רָחָב הַזּוֹנָה תִּחְיֶה הִיא וְכָל אֲשֶׁר אִתָּהּ בַּבַּיִת כִּי הֶחְבְּאָתָה אֶת הַמַּלְאָכִים אֲשֶׁר שָׁלָחְנוּ:
And the city shall be devoted: consecrated [belonging to “Hekdesh”]. For the day was the Holy Sabbath; hence it was appropriate that the booty which was taken thereon be consecrated.  
18. And only you keep (yourselves) from the devoted thing, lest you make yourselves condemned when you take of the devoted thing, and make the camp of Israel a ruin, and trouble it.   יח. וְרַק אַתֶּם שִׁמְרוּ מִן הַחֵרֶם פֶּן תַּחֲרִימוּ וּלְקַחְתֶּם מִן הַחֵרֶם וְשַׂמְתֶּם אֶת מַחֲנֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל לְחֵרֶם וַעֲכַרְתֶּם אוֹתוֹ:
and trouble: Heb. וַעֲכַרְתֶּם, an expression of turbid water (מַיִם עֲכוּרִים).  
19. And all the silver and gold, and vessels of copper and iron, are consecrated to the Lord; they shall come into the treasury of the Lord.   יט. וְכֹל | כֶּסֶף וְזָהָב וּכְלֵי נְחשֶׁת וּבַרְזֶל קֹדֶשׁ הוּא לַיהֹוָה אוֹצַר יְהֹוָה יָבוֹא:
20. And the people shouted, and (the priests) blew with the trumpets; and it was when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, that the people shouted with a great shout, and the wall fell down in its place and the people went up into the city, every man opposite him, and they took the city.   כ. וַיָּרַע הָעָם וַיִּתְקְעוּ בַּשֹּׁפָרוֹת וַיְהִי כִשְׁמֹעַ הָעָם אֶת קוֹל הַשּׁוֹפָר וַיָּרִיעוּ הָעָם תְּרוּעָה גְדוֹלָה וַתִּפֹּל הַחוֹמָה תַּחְתֶּיהָ וַיַּעַל הָעָם הָעִירָה אִישׁ נֶגְדּוֹ וַיִּלְכְּדוּ אֶת הָעִיר:
21. And they completely destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.   כא. וַיַּחֲרִימוּ אֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר בָּעִיר מֵאִישׁ וְעַד אִשָּׁה מִנַּעַר וְעַד זָקֵן וְעַד שׁוֹר וָשֶֹה וַחֲמוֹר לְפִי חָרֶב:
22. And to the two men who had spied out the country, Joshua said, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out from there the woman and all that she has, as you swore to her.   כב. וְלִשְׁנַיִם הָאֲנָשִׁים הַמְרַגְּלִים אֶת הָאָרֶץ אָמַר יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֹּאוּ בֵּית הָאִשָּׁה הַזּוֹנָה וְהוֹצִיאוּ מִשָּׁם אֶת הָאִשָּׁה וְאֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר לָהּ כַּאֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּעְתֶּם לָהּ:
23. And the young men who were spies went in, and brought out Rahab, and her father, and her mother, and her brothers, and all that she had; and they brought out all her families, and placed them outside the camp of Israel.   כג. וַיָּבֹאוּ הַנְּעָרִים הַמְרַגְּלִים וַיֹּצִיאוּ אֶת רָחָב וְאֶת אָבִיהָ וְאֶת אִמָּהּ וְאֶת אַחֶיהָ וְאֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר לָהּ וְאֵת כָּל מִשְׁפְּחוֹתֶיהָ הוֹצִיאוּ וַיַּנִּיחוּם מִחוּץ לְמַחֲנֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל:
And the young men who were spies went in: here they needed speed, and therefore acted as lively young men. On the first night they were like angels, for they kept themselves from sinning with Rahab the harlot. Therefore, there they were called מַלְאָכִים [lit., angels]. And therefore, they were called men, angels, and young men.  
24. And they burnt the city with fire, and all that was in it; only the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of copper and iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the Lord.   כד. וְהָעִיר שָׂרְפוּ בָאֵשׁ וְכָל אֲשֶׁר בָּהּ רַק | הַכֶּסֶף וְהַזָּהָב וּכְלֵי הַנְּחשֶׁת וְהַבַּרְזֶל נָתְנוּ אוֹצַר בֵּית יְהֹוָה:
25. But Rahab the harlot, and her father's household, and all that she had, Joshua saved alive; and she dwelt in the midst of Israel to this day; because she hid the messengers, whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.   כה. וְאֶת רָחָב הַזּוֹנָה וְאֶת בֵּית אָבִיהָ וְאֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר לָהּ הֶחֱיָה יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וַתֵּשֶׁב בְּקֶרֶב יִשְׂרָאֵל עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה כִּי הֶחְבִּיאָה אֶת הַמַּלְאָכִים אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַח יְהוֹשֻׁעַ לְרַגֵּל אֶת יְרִיחוֹ:
26. And Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the Lord, that rises up and builds this city, Jericho; with (the loss of) his first-born shall he lay its foundation, and with (the loss of) his youngest son shall he set up its gates.   כו. וַיַּשְׁבַּע יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בָּעֵת הַהִיא לֵאמֹר אָרוּר הָאִישׁ לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר יָקוּם וּבָנָה אֶת הָעִיר הַזֹּאת אֶת יְרִיחוֹ בִּבְכֹרוֹ יְיַסְּדֶנָּה וּבִצְעִירוֹ יַצִּיב דְּלָתֶיהָ:
with [the loss of] his first born shall he lay its foundation, and with [the loss of] his youngest son: At the beginning of the foundation which he builds therein, his first born son will die and he will bury him, and continue [to bury all his sons] until the youngest one dies at the finish of the work, viz. the setting up of the gates.  
27. So the Lord was with Joshua; and his fame was throughout the entire land.   כז. וַיְהִי יְהֹוָה אֶת יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וַיְהִי שָׁמְעוֹ בְּכָל הָאָרֶץ:
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