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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Nechemiah - Nehemiah - Chapter 11

Nechemiah - Nehemiah - Chapter 11

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 11

1. And the rulers of the people dwelt in Jerusalem, and the rest of the people cast lots to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in [other] cities.   א. וַיֵּשְׁבוּ שָׂרֵי הָעָם בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וּשְׁאָר הָעָם הִפִּילוּ גוֹרָלוֹת לְהָבִיא | אֶחָד מִן הָעֲשָׂרָה לָשֶׁבֶת בִּירוּשָׁלִַם עִיר הַקֹּדֶשׁ וְתֵשַׁע הַיָּדוֹת בֶּעָרִים:
one of ten: of Israel, so that they should dwell in Jerusalem to guard the city.  
and nine parts: nine parts of Israel.  
2. And the people blessed all the persons who volunteered to dwell in Jerusalem.   ב. וַיְבָרְכוּ הָעָם לְכֹל הָאֲנָשִׁים הַמִּתְנַדְּבִים לָשֶׁבֶת בִּירוּשָׁלִָם:
who volunteered: whose spirit inspired them to volunteer to dwell in Jerusalem to guard the city from enemies.  
3. And these are the heads of the province who dwelt in Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judea they dwelt each one in his inheritance in their cities: Israelites, the priests, the Levites, the Nethinites, and the children of Solomon's slaves.   ג. וְאֵלֶּה רָאשֵׁי הַמְּדִינָה אֲשֶׁר יָשְׁבוּ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וּבְעָרֵי יְהוּדָה יָשְׁבוּ אִישׁ בַּאֲחֻזָּתוֹ בְּעָרֵיהֶם יִשְׂרָאֵל הַכֹּהֲנִים וְהַלְוִיִּם וְהַנְּתִינִים וּבְנֵי עַבְדֵי שְׁלֹמֹה:
And these are the heads of the province who dwelt in Jerusalem: these are the ones regarding whom it is stated below: “And in Jerusalem there dwelt of the children of Judah, etc.”  
4. And in Jerusalem there dwelt of the children of Judah and of the children of Benjamin; of the children of Judah; Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalalel, of the children of Perez.   ד. וּבִירוּשָׁלִַם יָשְׁבוּ מִבְּנֵי יְהוּדָה וּמִבְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן מִבְּנֵי יְהוּדָה עֲתָיָה בֶן עֻזִּיָּה בֶּן זְכַרְיָה בֶן אֲמַרְיָה בֶּן שְׁפַטְיָה בֶן מַהֲלַלְאֵל מִבְּנֵי פָרֶץ:
of the children of Judah: Athaiah, etc.: He returns to explain who those ‘of the children of Judah’ were, and the entire chapter enumerates only the great and esteemed ones among them.  
5. And Maaseiah the son of Baruch, the son of Kol-Hozeh, the son of Hazaiah, the son of Adaiah, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the son of the Shilonite.   ה. וּמַעֲשֵׂיָה בֶן בָּרוּךְ בֶּן כָּל חֹזֶה בֶּן חֲזָיָה בֶן עֲדָיָה בֶן יוֹיָרִיב בֶּן זְכַרְיָה בֶּן הַשִּׁלֹנִי:
6. All the children of Perez who dwelt in Jerusalem were four hundred and sixty-eight valiant men.   ו. כָּל בְּנֵי פֶרֶץ הַיֹּשְׁבִים בִּירוּשָׁלִָם אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת שִׁשִּׁים וּשְׁמֹנָה אַנְשֵׁי חָיִל:
7. And these are the children of Benjamin: Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Isaiah.   ז. וְאֵלֶּה בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן סַלֻּא בֶּן מְשֻׁלָּם בֶּן יוֹעֵד בֶּן פְּדָיָה בֶן קוֹלָיָה בֶן מַעֲשֵׂיָה בֶּן אִיתִיאֵל בֶּן יְשַׁעְיָה:
8. And after him was Gabbai Sallai, [and with him] nine hundred and twenty-eight.   ח. וְאַחֲרָיו גַּבַּי סַלָּי תְּשַׁע מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
9. And Joel the son of Zichri was the official over them, and Judah the son of Hassenuah was the second in command over the city.   ט. וְיוֹאֵל בֶּן זִכְרִי פָּקִיד עֲלֵיהֶם וִיהוּדָה בֶן הַסְּנוּאָה עַל הָעִיר מִשְׁנֶה:
the official: the one appointed.  
the second in command: after [the official].  
10. Of the priests were Jedaiah the son of Joiarib, [and] Jachin.   י. מִן הַכֹּהֲנִים יְדַעְיָה בֶן יוֹיָרִיב יָכִין:
11. Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub was the official over the Temple of God.   יא. שְׂרָיָה בֶן חִלְקִיָּה בֶּן מְשֻׁלָּם בֶּן צָדוֹק בֶּן מְרָיוֹת בֶּן אֲחִיטוּב נְגִד בֵּית הָאֱלֹהִים:
the official: [as translated,] the official.  
the official over the Temple of God: appointed over the Temple of God.  
12. And their brethren who performed the work of the Temple were eight hundred and twenty-two, and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashhur, the son of Malkiah.   יב. וַאֲחֵיהֶם עֹשֵׂה הַמְּלָאכָה לַבַּיִת שְׁמֹנֶה מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנָיִם וַעֲדָיָה בֶּן יְרֹחָם בֶּן פְּלַלְיָה בֶּן אַמְצִי בֶן זְכַרְיָה בֶּן פַּשְׁחוּר בֶּן מַלְכִּיָּה:
And their brethren who performed the work of the Temple: and their colleagues, who were performing the service of the Temple and its sacrifices.  
13. And his brethren, rulers over the fathers' houses, were two hundred and forty-two, including Amashesai the son of Azarel, the son of Ahzai, the son of Meshillemoth, the son of Immer.   יג. וְאֶחָיו רָאשִׁים לְאָבוֹת מָאתַיִם אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁנָיִם וַעֲמַשְׁסַי בֶּן עֲזַרְאֵל בֶּן אַחְזַי בֶּן מְשִׁלֵּמוֹת בֶּן אִמֵּר:
rulers over the fathers’ houses: the heads of the fathers’ houses of the priestly families.  
14. And their brethren, valiant men, were a hundred and twenty-eight, and the official over them was Zabdiel the son of the great.   יד. וַאֲחֵיהֶם גִּבֹּרֵי חַיִל מֵאָה עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה וּפָקִיד עֲלֵיהֶם זַבְדִּיאֵל בֶּן הַגְּדוֹלִים:
and the official over them: the one appointed over them.  
15. And of the Levites: Shemaiah the son of Hashub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni.   טו. וּמִן הַלְוִיִּם שְׁמַעְיָה בֶן חַשּׁוּב בֶּן עַזְרִיקָם בֶּן חֲשַׁבְיָה בֶּן בּוּנִּי:
16. And Shabbethai and Jazabad were over the outside work of the Temple of God, of the heads of the Levites.   טז. וְשַׁבְּתַי וְיוֹזָבָד עַל הַמְּלָאכָה הַחִיצֹנָה לְבֵית הָאֱלֹהִים מֵרָאשֵׁי הַלְוִיִּם:
over the outside work: of the Temple, such as the buildings of the repair of the Temple (sic) and the wood of the arrangement, which they would bring from outside.  
17. And Mattaniah the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph was the head to begin the thanksgiving in prayer, and Bakbukiah, the second-in-command of his brethren, and Abda the son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun.   יז. וּמַתַּנְיָה בֶן מִיכָה בֶּן זַבְדִּי בֶן אָסָף רֹאשׁ הַתְּחִלָּה יְהוֹדֶה לַתְּפִלָּה וּבַקְבֻּקְיָה מִשְׁנֶה מֵאֶחָיו וְעַבְדָּא בֶּן שַׁמּוּעַ בֶּן גָּלָל בֶּן יְדוּתוּן:
the head to begin the thanksgiving in prayer: He was the head and the appointed official, and the greatest one who was first to start and to thank in prayer and in singing the songs of the Levites. יְהוֹדֶה is like יוֹדֶה, and the “hey” enters the word unnecessarily, like יוֹסֵף and יְהוֹסֵף.  
18. All the Levites in the Holy City were two hundred and eighty-four.   יח. כָּל הַלְוִיִּם בְּעִיר הַקֹּדֶשׁ מָאתַיִם שְׁמֹנִים וְאַרְבָּעָה:
19. And the gatekeepers were Akkub, Talmon, and their brethren who guard at the gates; [they] were a hundred and seventy-two.   יט. וְהַשּׁוֹעֲרִים עַקּוּב טַלְמוֹן וַאֲחֵיהֶם הַשֹּׁמְרִים בַּשְּׁעָרִים מֵאָה שִׁבְעִים וּשְׁנָיִם:
And the gatekeepers: those appointed over the gates of the Temple.  
20. And the rest of Israel, the priests and the Levites were in all the cities of Judea, each one in his inheritance.   כ. וּשְׁאָר יִשְׂרָאֵל הַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם בְּכָל עָרֵי יְהוּדָה אִישׁ בְּנַחֲלָתוֹ:
each one in his inheritance: They were dwelling each one in his inheritance.  
21. And the Nethinites were dwelling in the Ophel, and Ziha and Gishpa were over the Nethinites.   כא. וְהַנְּתִינִים יֹשְׁבִים בָּעֹפֶל וְצִיחָא וְגִשְׁפָּא עַל הַנְּתִינִים:
in the Ophel: a place that was in Jerusalem.  
over the Nethinites: appointed over the Nethinites.  
22. And the official over the Levites in Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha, of the sons of Asaph, the singers over the work of the Temple of God.   כב. וּפְקִיד הַלְוִיִּם בִּירוּשָׁלִַם עֻזִּי בֶן בָּנִי בֶּן חֲשַׁבְיָה בֶּן מַתַּנְיָה בֶּן מִיכָה מִבְּנֵי אָסָף הַמְשֹׁרְרִים לְנֶגֶד מְלֶאכֶת בֵּית הָאֱלֹהִים:
And the official over the Levites: appointed over the Levites in Jerusalem.  
over the work of the Temple of God: He was appointed over the work of the Temple, such as the buildings of the repair of the Temple and the rest of the matters for which money is spent for the work of the Temple, like the matter that is stated above (verse 16): “… and Shabbethai and Jazabad over the outside work, etc.”  
23. For the command of the king was upon them and [his] trust was on the singers for the daily requirements.   כג. כִּי מִצְוַת הַמֶּלֶךְ עֲלֵיהֶם וַאֲמָנָה עַל הַמְשֹׁרְרִים דְּבַר יוֹם בְּיוֹמוֹ:
For the command of the king was upon them and [his] trust: The king trusted them.  
upon the singers: to spend money from King Darius’s treasury.  
for the daily requirements: in order to perform the requirements of the Temple.  
24. And Pethahiah the son of Meshezabel, of the sons of Zerah, the son of Judah was at the king's hand for every matter of the people.   כד. וּפְתַחְיָה בֶּן מְשֵׁיזַבְאֵל מִבְּנֵי זֶרַח בֶּן יְהוּדָה לְיַד הַמֶּלֶךְ לְכָל דָּבָר לָעָם:
at the king’s hand: He was privy to King Darius’s counsel.  
for every matter: for every matter that concerned the people, to speak to the king on their behalf.  
25. And as for the villages with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt in Kiriath-Arba and its villages, and in Dibon and in its villages, and in Jekabzeel and its villages.   כה. וְאֶל הַחֲצֵרִים בִּשְׂדֹתָם מִבְּנֵי יְהוּדָה יָשְׁבוּ בְּקִרְיַת הָאַרְבַּע וּבְנֹתֶיהָ וּבְדִיבֹן וּבְנֹתֶיהָ וּבִיקַבְצְאֵל וַחֲצֵרֶיהָ:
26. And in Jeshua, and in Moladah, and in Beth-Pelet.   כו. וּבְיֵשׁוּעַ וּבְמֹלָדָה וּבְבֵית פָּלֶט:
27. And in Hazar-Shual, and in Beer-sheba and its villages.   כז. וּבַחֲצַר שׁוּעָל וּבִבְאֵר שֶׁבַע וּבְנֹתֶיהָ:
28. And in Ziklag, and in Mechonah and in its villages.   כח. וּבְצִקְלָג וּבִמְכֹנָה וּבִבְנֹתֶיהָ:
29. And in En-Rimmon, and in Zorah, and in Jannuth.   כט. וּבְעֵין רִמּוֹן וּבְצָרְעָה וּבְיַרְמוּת:
30. Zanoah, Adullam, and their villages, Lachish and its fields, Azekah and its villages; and they encamped from Beer-sheba until the Valley of Hinnom.   ל. זָנֹחַ עֲדֻלָּם וְחַצְרֵיהֶם לָכִישׁ וּשְׂדֹתֶיהָ עֲזֵקָה וּבְנֹתֶיהָ וַיַּחֲנוּ מִבְּאֵר שֶׁבַע עַד גֵּיא הִנֹּם:
31. And the children of Benjamin were from Geba, Michmas, and Aijah, and Bethel and its villages.   לא. וּבְנֵי בִנְיָמִן מִגָּבַע מִכְמַשׂ וְעַיָּה וּבֵית אֵל וּבְנֹתֶיהָ:
32. Anathoth, Nob, Ananiah.   לב. עֲנָתוֹת נֹב עֲנַנְיָה:
33. Hazzor, Ramah, Gittaim.   לג. חָצוֹר | רָמָה גִּתָּיִם:
34. Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat.   לד. חָדִיד צְבֹעִים נְבַלָּט:
35. Lod and Ono, the Valley of Harashim.   לה. לֹד וְאוֹנוֹ גֵּי הַחֲרָשִׁים:
36. And from the Levites there were divisions to Judah and to Benjamin.   לו. וּמִן הַלְוִיִּם מַחְלְקוֹת יְהוּדָה לְבִנְיָמִין:
there were divisions to Judah and to Benjamin: They were divided into their divisions here and there in the land of Judah and Benjamin.  
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