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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Nechemiah - Nehemiah - Chapter 7

Nechemiah - Nehemiah - Chapter 7

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 7

1Now it came to pass, when the wall had been built and I had erected the doors, that the gatekeepers, the choristers, and the Levites were appointed.   אוַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר נִבְנְתָה הַחוֹמָה וָאַעֲמִיד הַדְּלָתוֹת וַיִּפָּקְדוּ הַשּׁוֹעֲרִים וְהַמְשֹׁרְרִים וְהַלְוִיִּם:
were appointed: The Levites were now made appointees over their stations to be gatekeepers and singers in the Temple.  
2And I put Hanani my brother and Hananiah the ruler of the castle charge over Jerusalem, for he is indeed a truthful man, and he has feared God for a long time.   בוָאֲצַוֶּה אֶת חֲנָנִי אָחִי וְאֶת חֲנַנְיָה שַׂר הַבִּירָה עַל יְרוּשָׁלִָם כִּי הוּא כְּאִישׁ אֱמֶת וְיָרֵא אֶת הָאֱלֹהִים מֵרַבִּים:
over Jerusalem: to guard the gates of Jerusalem.  
for a long time: Heb. מֵרַבִּים, lit. from many; from many days.  
3And I said to them, "The gates of Jerusalem shall not be opened until the sun becomes hot, and they [the people] shall stand until they lock the doors and hold them, and station watches among the inhabitants of Jerusalem, each one on his watch and each one opposite his house."   גוָאֹמַר (כתיב וָיאֹמַר) לָהֶם לֹא יִפָּתְחוּ שַׁעֲרֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם עַד חֹם הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ וְעַד הֵם עֹמְדִים יָגִיפוּ הַדְּלָתוֹת וֶאֱחֹזוּ וְהַעֲמֵיד מִשְׁמְרוֹת יֹשְׁבֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם אִישׁ בְּמִשְׁמָרוֹ וְאִישׁ נֶגֶד בֵּיתוֹ:
until the sun becomes hot: until midday, for the day was long.  
and they shall stand until: And as long as the doors are open, they shall stand; they shall not move until the doors are locked shut, and whoever wishes to leave may leave the city, and whoever wishes to enter may come and enter. They did all this because of the enemies.  
and hold them: They should hold the doors to lock them.  
watches among the inhabitants of Jerusalem: of the inhabitants of Jerusalem station watches, jetes in Old French, (groups of) watchmen.  
4Now the city was wide and large, and the people were few within it, and there were no houses built.   דוְהָעִיר רַחֲבַת יָדַיִם וּגְדֹלָה וְהָעָם מְעַט בְּתוֹכָהּ וְאֵין בָּתִּים בְּנוּיִם:
a wide place: Heb. רַחֲבַת יָדַיִם, a wide and large place.  
5And the Lord put it into my heart, and I gathered the rulers and the prefects and the people to trace their lineage, and I found the of lineage book of those who had gone up at first, and I found written in it:   הוַיִּתֵּן אֱלֹהַי אֶל לִבִּי וָאֶקְבְּצָה אֶת הַחֹרִים וְאֶת הַסְּגָנִים וְאֶת הָעָם לְהִתְיַחֵשׂ וָאֶמְצָא סֵפֶר הַיַּחַשׂ הָעוֹלִים בָּרִאשׁוֹנָה וָאֶמְצָא כָּתוּב בּוֹ:
to trace their lineage: Heb. לְהִתְיַחֵישׂ, to search for their lineage.  
those who went up at first: of those Jews who went up with Ezra at first.  
and I found written in it: All these words were written in that letter.  
6These are the people of the province who went up from the captivity of the exile, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had exiled to Babylon, and they returned to Jerusalem and to Judea, each one to his city.   ואֵלֶּה | בְּנֵי הַמְּדִינָה הָעֹלִים מִשְּׁבִי הַגּוֹלָה אֲשֶׁר הֶגְלָה נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל וַיָּשׁוּבוּ לִירוּשָׁלִַם וְלִיהוּדָה אִישׁ לְעִירוֹ:
These are the people of the province, etc.: until (10:35): “And we cast lots for the wood sacrifice.”  
and to Judea: to the province of Judea.  
each one to his city: lit. a man to his city.  
7[Those] who came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah, the number of the important men of the people of Israel.   זהַבָּאִים עִם זְרֻבָּבֶל יֵשׁוּעַ נְחֶמְיָה עֲזַרְיָה רַעַמְיָה נַחֲמָנִי מָרְדֳּכַי בִּלְשָׁן מִסְפֶּרֶת בִּגְוַי נְחוּם בַּעֲנָה מִסְפַּר אַנְשֵׁי עַם יִשְׂרָאֵל:
who came with Zerubbabel: who came from the captivity of the exile with Zerubbabel.  
Jeshua: This is Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the High Priest. These figures sometimes coincide with the above figures (Ezra 2); sometimes there are some that do not coincide. Scripture was not so exact with the figures, but the total is the same in both places, as it is stated (Ezra 2:64, Neh. 7:66): “The entire congregation together was forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty.” The writer relied on this total and was not so exact in the figures of the individual numbers. Everything is explained above (Ezra 2).  
8The children of Parosh were two thousand one hundred and seventy-two.   חבְּנֵי פַרְעֹשׁ אַלְפַּיִם מֵאָה וְשִׁבְעִים וּשְׁנָיִם:
9The children of Shephatiah were three hundred and seventy-two.   טבְּנֵי שְׁפַטְיָה שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שִׁבְעִים וּשְׁנָיִם:
10The children of Arah were six hundred and fifty-two.   יבְּנֵי אָרַח שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת חֲמִשִּׁים וּשְׁנָיִם:
11The children of Pahath-Moab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, were two thousand eight hundred and eighteen.   יאבְּנֵי פַחַת מוֹאָב לִבְנֵי יֵשׁוּעַ וְיוֹאָב אַלְפַּיִם וּשְׁמֹנֶה מֵאוֹת שְׁמֹנָה עָשָׂר:
12The children of Elam were one thousand two hundred and fifty-four.   יבבְּנֵי עֵילָם אֶלֶף מָאתַיִם חֲמִשִּׁים וְאַרְבָּעָה:
13The children of Zattu were eight hundred and forty-five.   יגבְּנֵי זַתּוּא שְׁמֹנֶה מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה:
14The children of Zakkai were seven hundred and sixty.   ידבְּנֵי זַכָּי שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת וְשִׁשִּׁים:
15The children of Binnui were six hundred and forty-eight.   טובְּנֵי בִנּוּי שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
16The children of Bebai were six hundred and twenty-eight.   טזבְּנֵי בֵבָי שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
17The children of Azgad were two thousand three hundred and twenty-two.   יזבְּנֵי עַזְגָּד אַלְפַּיִם שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנָיִם:
18The children of Adonikam were six hundred and sixty seven.   יחבְּנֵי אֲדֹנִיקָם שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת שִׁשִּׁים וְשִׁבְעָה:
19The children of Bigvai were two thousand and sixty-seven.   יטבְּנֵי בִגְוָי אַלְפַּיִם שִׁשִּׁים וְשִׁבְעָה:
20The children of Adin were six hundred and fifty-five.   כבְּנֵי עָדִין שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת חֲמִשִּׁים וַחֲמִשָּׁה:
21The children of Ater, of Hezekiah were ninety-eight.   כאבְּנֵי אָטֵר לְחִזְקִיָּה תִּשְׁעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
22The children of Hashum were three hundred and twenty-eight.   כבבְּנֵי חָשֻׁם שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
23The children of Bezai were three hundred and twenty-four.   כגבְּנֵי בֵצָי שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבָּעָה:
24The children of Harif were one hundred and twelve.   כדבְּנֵי חָרִיף מֵאָה שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר:
25The children of Gibeon were ninety-five.   כהבְּנֵי גִבְעוֹן תִּשְׁעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה:
26The people of Bethlehem and Netophah were one hundred and eighty-eight.   כואַנְשֵׁי בֵית לֶחֶם וּנְטֹפָה מֵאָה שְׁמֹנִים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
27The people of Anathoth were one hundred and twenty-eight.   כזאַנְשֵׁי עֲנָתוֹת מֵאָה עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
28The people of Beth-Azmaveth were forty-two.   כחאַנְשֵׁי בֵית עַזְמָוֶת אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁנָיִם:
29The people of Kiriath-Jearim, Chephirah, and Beeroth were seven hundred and forty-three.   כטאַנְשֵׁי קִרְיַת יְעָרִים כְּפִירָה וּבְאֵרוֹת שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה:
30The people of Ramah and Geba were six hundred and twenty-one.   לאַנְשֵׁי הָרָמָה וָגָבַע שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וְאֶחָד:
31The people of Michmas were one hundred and twenty-two.   לאאַנְשֵׁי מִכְמָס מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנָיִם:
32The people of Bethel and Ai were one hundred and twenty-three.   לבאַנְשֵׁי בֵית אֵל וְהָעָי מֵאָה עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה:
33The people of the other Nebo were fifty-two.   לגאַנְשֵׁי נְבוֹ אַחֵר חֲמִשִּׁים וּשְׁנָיִם:
34The children of the other Elam were one thousand two hundred and fifty-four.   לדבְּנֵי עֵילָם אַחֵר אֶלֶף מָאתַיִם חֲמִשִּׁים וְאַרְבָּעָה:
35The children of Harim were three hundred and twenty.   להבְּנֵי חָרִם שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת וְעֶשְׂרִים:
36The children of Jericho were three hundred and forty-five.   לובְּנֵי יְרֵחוֹ שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה:
37The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono were seven hundred and twenty-one.   לזבְּנֵי לֹד חָדִיד וְאֹנוֹ שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת וְעֶשְׂרִים וְאֶחָד:
38The children of Senaah were three thousand nine hundred and thirty.   לחבְּנֵי סְנָאָה שְׁלֹשֶׁת אֲלָפִים תְּשַׁע מֵאוֹת וּשְׁלֹשִׁים:
39The priests: the children of Jedaiah of the house of Jeshua were nine hundred and seventy-three.   לטהַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי יְדַעְיָה לְבֵית יֵשׁוּעַ תְּשַׁע מֵאוֹת שִׁבְעִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה:
40The children of Immer were one thousand and fifty-two.   מבְּנֵי אִמֵּר אֶלֶף חֲמִשִּׁים וּשְׁנָיִם:
41The children of Pashhur were one thousand two hundred and forty-seven.   מאבְּנֵי פַשְׁחוּר אֶלֶף מָאתַיִם אַרְבָּעִים וְשִׁבְעָה:
42The children of Harim were one thousand and seventeen.   מבבְּנֵי חָרִם אֶלֶף שִׁבְעָה עָשָׂר:
43The Levites: the children of Jeshua with Kadmiel of the children of Lehodiah, were seventy-four.   מגהַלְוִיִּם בְּנֵי יֵשׁוּעַ לְקַדְמִיאֵל לִבְנֵי לְהוֹדְוָה שִׁבְעִים וְאַרְבָּעָה:
44The singers: of the children of Asaph were one hundred and forty-eight.   מדהַמְשֹׁרְרִים בְּנֵי אָסָף מֵאָה אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
45The gate-keepers: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, were one hundred and thirty-eight.   מההַשֹּׁעֲרִים בְּנֵי שַׁלּוּם בְּנֵי אָטֵר בְּנֵי טַלְמֹן בְּנֵי עַקּוּב בְּנֵי חֲטִיטָא בְּנֵי שֹׁבָי מֵאָה שְׁלֹשִׁים וּשְׁמֹנָה:
46The Nethinim: the children of Ziha, the children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth.   מוהַנְּתִינִים בְּנֵי צִחָא בְנֵי חֲשֻׂפָא בְּנֵי טַבָּעוֹת:
47The children of Keros, the children of Sia, the children of Padon.   מזבְּנֵי קֵירֹס בְּנֵי סִיעָא בְּנֵי פָדוֹן:
48The children of Lebanah, the children of Hagabah, the children of Salmai.   מחבְּנֵי לְבָנָא בְנֵי חֲגָבָא בְּנֵי שַׂלְמָי:
49The children of Hanan, the children of Giddel, the children of Gahar.   מטבְּנֵי חָנָן בְּנֵי גִדֵּל בְּנֵי גָחַר:
50The children of Reaiah, the children of Rezin, the children of Nekoda.   נבְּנֵי רְאָיָה בְנֵי רְצִין בְּנֵי נְקוֹדָא:
51The children of Gazzam, the children of Uzza, the children of Paseah.   נאבְּנֵי גַזָּם בְּנֵי עֻזָּא בְּנֵי פָסֵחַ:
52The children of Besai, the children of Meunim, the children of Nephishesim.   נבבְּנֵי בֵסַי בְּנֵי מְעוּנִים בְּנֵי נְפִישְׁסִים (כתיב נְפִושְׁסִים) :
53The children of Bakbuk, the children of Hakupha, the children of Harhur.   נגבְּנֵי בַקְבּוּק בְּנֵי חֲקוּפָא בְּנֵי חַרְחוּר:
54The children of Bazlith, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha.   נדבְּנֵי בַצְלִית בְּנֵי מְחִידָא בְּנֵי חַרְשָׁא:
55The children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Tamah.   נהבְּנֵי בַרְקוֹס בְּנֵי סִיסְרָא בְּנֵי תָמַח:
56The children of Neziah, the children of Hatifa.   נובְּנֵי נְצִיחַ בְּנֵי חֲטִיפָא:
57The children of Solomon's slaves, the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Prida.   נזבְּנֵי עַבְדֵי שְׁלֹמֹה בְּנֵי סוֹטַי בְּנֵי סֹפֶרֶת בְּנֵי פְרִידָא:
58The children of Jaala, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel.   נחבְּנֵי יַעְלָא בְנֵי דַרְקוֹן בְּנֵי גִדֵּל:
59The children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of Pochereth Hazzebaim, the children of Ammon.   נטבְּנֵי שְׁפַטְיָה בְנֵי חַטִּיל בְּנֵי פֹּכֶרֶת הַצְּבָיִים בְּנֵי אָמוֹן:
60All the Nethinim and the children of Solomon's slaves were three and hundred ninety-two.   סכָּל הַנְּתִינִים וּבְנֵי עַבְדֵי שְׁלֹמֹה שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת תִּשְׁעִים וּשְׁנָיִם:
61And these were the ones who ascended from Tel-Melah, Tel-Harsha: Cherub, Addon, and Immer; but they could not tell their fathers' house and their children, if they were from Israel.   סאוְאֵלֶּה הָעוֹלִים מִתֵּל מֶלַח תֵּל חַרְשָׁא כְּרוּב אַדּוֹן וְאִמֵּר וְלֹא יָכְלוּ לְהַגִּיד בֵּית אֲבוֹתָם וְזַרְעָם אִם מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל הֵם:
62The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda were six hundred and forty-two.   סבבְּנֵי דְלָיָה בְנֵי טוֹבִיָּה בְּנֵי נְקוֹדָא שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת וְאַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁנָיִם:
63And of the priests: the children of Hobaiah, the children of Hakkoz, the children of Barzillai, who took [a wife] from the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite and was called by their name.   סגוּמִן הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי חֳבָיָה בְּנֵי הַקּוֹץ בְּנֵי בַרְזִלַּי אֲשֶׁר לָקַח מִבְּנוֹת בַּרְזִלַּי הַגִּלְעָדִי אִשָּׁה וַיִּקָּרֵא עַל שְׁמָם:
64These who traced their genealogy sought their records, but they were not found, and they were disqualified from the priesthood.   סדאֵלֶּה בִּקְשׁוּ כְתָבָם הַמִּתְיַחְשִׂים וְלֹא נִמְצָא וַיְגֹאֲלוּ מִן הַכְּהֻנָּה:
65And Hattirshatha said to them that they should not eat of the most holy sacrifices until a priest arises for the Urim and the Tummim.   סהוַיֹּאמֶר הַתִּרְשָׁתָא לָהֶם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יֹאכְלוּ מִקֹּדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים עַד עֲמֹד הַכֹּהֵן לְאוּרִים וְתֻמִּים:
66The entire congregation together was forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty.   סוכָּל הַקָּהָל כְּאֶחָד אַרְבַּע רִבּוֹא אַלְפַּיִם שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת וְשִׁשִּׁים:
67Besides their slaves and their bondwomen; these were seven thousand three hundred and thirty-seven, and they had two hundred and forty-five male and female singers.   סזמִלְּבַד עַבְדֵיהֶם וְאַמְהֹתֵיהֶם אֵלֶּה שִׁבְעַת אֲלָפִים שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שְׁלֹשִׁים וְשִׁבְעָה וְלָהֶם מְשֹׁרְרִים וּמְשֹׁרְרוֹת מָאתַיִם וְאַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה:
68Their horses were seven hundred and thirty-six; their mules were two hundred and forty-five.   סחסוּסֵיהֶם שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת שְׁלֹשִׁים וְשִׁשָּׁה פִּרְדֵיהֶם מָאתַיִם אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה:
69[Their] camels were four hundred and thirty-five, [their] donkeys were six thousand seven hundred and twenty.   סטגְּמַלִּים אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת שְׁלֹשִׁים וַחֲמִשָּׁה חֲמֹרִים שֵׁשֶׁת אֲלָפִים שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת וְעֶשְׂרִים:
70And some of the heads of the fathers' houses gave for the work. Hattirshatha gave to the treasury gold, one thousand drachmas, fifty basins, priests' tunics five hundred and thirty.   עוּמִקְצָת רָאשֵׁי הָאָבוֹת נָתְנוּ לַמְּלָאכָה הַתִּרְשָׁתָא נָתַן לָאוֹצָר זָהָב דַּרְכְּמֹנִים אֶלֶף מִזְרָקוֹת חֲמִשִּׁים כָּתְנוֹת כֹּהֲנִים שְׁלֹשִׁים וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת:
71And some of the heads of the fathers' houses gave to the treasury of the work; gold, twenty thousand drachmas and silver, two thousand and two hundred manehs.   עאוּמֵרָאשֵׁי הָאָבוֹת נָתְנוּ לְאוֹצַר הַמְּלָאכָה זָהָב דַּרְכְּמוֹנִים שְׁתֵּי רִבּוֹת וְכֶסֶף מָנִים אַלְפַּיִם וּמָאתָיִם:
72And what the remnant of the people gave was gold, twenty thousand drachmas and silver, two thousand manehs, and priests' tunics, sixty-seven.   עבוַאֲשֶׁר נָתְנוּ שְׁאֵרִית הָעָם זָהָב דַּרְכְּמֹנִים שְׁתֵּי רִבּוֹא וְכֶסֶף מָנִים אַלְפָּיִם וְכָתְנוֹת כֹּהֲנִים שִׁשִּׁים וְשִׁבְעָה:
73And the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, and the singers, and some of the people, and the Nethinim, and all Israel dwelt in their cities, and the seventh month arrived, and the Children of Israel were in their cities.   עגוַיֵּשְׁבוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים וְהַלְוִיִּם וְהַשּׁוֹעֲרִים וְהַמְשֹׁרְרִים וּמִן הָעָם וְהַנְּתִינִים וְכָל יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּעָרֵיהֶם וַיִּגַּע הַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּעָרֵיהֶם:
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